BC1. Introduction to the Prophets

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The first of five sessions on the prophets in the Old Testament at Bible & Culture 2010. This session highlights the prophets' central purpose and begins to introduce their historical context. In particular, it centres on the covenants of the Old Testament, which form an essential background for understanding the prophets' messages.

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BC1. Introduction to the Prophets

  1. 1. The Prophets Monday, 19 July 2010
  2. 2. Historical Wisdom Prophetic Monday, 19 July 2010
  3. 3. Canonical prophets Monday, 19 July 2010
  4. 4. Old Testament Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Pentateuch Numbers, Deuteronomy Joshua, Judges, Ruth, 1–2 Samuel History books 1–2 Kings, 1–2 Chronicles, Ezra, Nehemiah, Esther Job, Psalms, Proverbs, Wisdom Lit. Ecclesiastes, Song of Solomon Isaiah, Jeremiah, Lamentations, Prophets Ezekiel, Daniel, Minor Prophets Monday, 19 July 2010
  5. 5. New Testament Revelation Matthew Mark, Luke, John History Acts Timeless present Romans – Jude Anticipation Revelations Monday, 19 July 2010
  6. 6. Christian Jewish Old Testament Tanak New Testament Monday, 19 July 2010
  7. 7. Old Testament Tanak Pentateuch Law Instruction Torah History Prophets Nevi’im Wisdom Writings Ketuvim Prophets Monday, 19 July 2010
  8. 8. Tanak Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Law/Instruction Numbers, Deuteronomy Former Prophets Joshua, Judges, Samuel, Kings Nevi’im Isaiah, Jeremiah, Ezekiel, Latter Prophets Book of the Twelve Psalms, Job, Proverbs, Ruth, Song of Solomon, Ecclesiastes, Writings Ketuvim Lamentations, Esther, Daniel, Ezra–Nehemiah, Chronicles Monday, 19 July 2010
  9. 9. How do you feel about the prophets in the Old Testament? What do you find difficult about them? ? Why is it important to study them? Monday, 19 July 2010
  10. 10. They have a queer way of talking, like people who, instead of proceeding in an orderly manner, ramble off from one thing to the next so that you cannot make heads or tails of them or see what they are Martin Luther getting at. Monday, 19 July 2010
  11. 11. GOD them us Monday, 19 July 2010
  12. 12. to g s in r d ie n r a r t a s b r n de u 12 Monday, 19 July 2010
  13. 13. Language Geography Religion Culture History Monday, 19 July 2010
  14. 14. so why study the prophets? Monday, 19 July 2010
  15. 15. What is the ultimate meaning of life for any human being? What is the highest value of human life? Monday, 19 July 2010 ?
  16. 16. to know God Monday, 19 July 2010
  17. 17. Why do we have the Bible? So that we can know God Monday, 19 July 2010
  18. 18. ‘I will be your God and you will be my people’ Monday, 19 July 2010
  19. 19. But now that you have come to know God, or rather to be known by God, how can you turn back again to the weak and worthless elementary principles of the world, whose slaves you want to be once more? Galatians 4:9 Monday, 19 July 2010
  20. 20. covenant Monday, 19 July 2010
  21. 21. contract Monday, 19 July 2010
  22. 22. A covenant formally binds two parties together in a relationship, on the basis of mutual personal commitment, with consequences for keeping or breaking the covenant. ESV Study Bible Monday, 19 July 2010
  23. 23. Adam Monday, 19 July 2010
  24. 24. But like Adam they transgressed the covenant; there they dealt faithlessly with me. Hosea 6:7 Monday, 19 July 2010
  25. 25. Read Genesis 1:28–30; 2:16–17 Who is the covenant between? What commitments are made? ? What are the requirements? Monday, 19 July 2010
  26. 26. Adam humanity / all creation Monday, 19 July 2010
  27. 27. Noah Monday, 19 July 2010
  28. 28. Read Genesis 9:1–17 Who is the covenant between? What commitments are made? ? What are the requirements? What is the sign of the covenant? Monday, 19 July 2010
  29. 29. Noah humanity / all creation Monday, 19 July 2010
  30. 30. Abraham Monday, 19 July 2010
  31. 31. I will make you into a great nation. I will bless you and make you famous, and you will be a blessing to others. I will bless those who bless you and curse those who treat you with contempt. All the families on earth will be blessed through you. Genesis 12:1–3, NLT Monday, 19 July 2010
  32. 32. Read Genesis 17:1–27 Who is the covenant between? What commitments are made? ? What are the requirements? What is the sign of the covenant? Monday, 19 July 2010
  33. 33. Abraham Israel blessing to all nations Monday, 19 July 2010
  34. 34. CANAAN Monday, 19 July 2010
  35. 35. Moses Monday, 19 July 2010
  36. 36. Now if you will obey me and keep my covenant, you will be my own special treasure from among all the peoples on the earth; for the earth belongs to me. . . . Exodus 19:1 Monday, 19 July 2010
  37. 37. Moses Israel Monday, 19 July 2010
  38. 38. Jericho CANAAN MOAB Monday, 19 July 2010
  39. 39. ali ARAM ht Nap Asher Zebullun Issachar Manasseh Manasseh (half) (half) Ephraim Dan Gad AMMON ES Benjamin N Reuben TI Judah IS IL MOAB PH Simeon EDOM AMALEK MIDIAN Monday, 19 July 2010
  40. 40. David Monday, 19 July 2010
  41. 41. Don’t you realise that the Lord, the God of Israel, made a lasting covenant with David, giving him and his descendants the throne of Israel forever? 2 Chronicles 13:5 Monday, 19 July 2010
  42. 42. Read 2 Samuel 7:4–17 Who is the covenant between? What commitments are made? ? What are the requirements? What is the sign of the covenant? Monday, 19 July 2010
  43. 43. David Israel Monday, 19 July 2010
  44. 44. historical context Monday, 19 July 2010
  45. 45. origins of prophetism Monday, 19 July 2010
  46. 46. Who is the earliest prophet in the OT? Who is the greatest prophet in the OT? Monday, 19 July 2010 ?
  47. 47. Moses Monday, 19 July 2010
  48. 48. greatest prophet Monday, 19 July 2010
  49. 49. There has never been another prophet in Israel like Moses, whom the Lord knew face to face. Deuteronomy 34:10 Monday, 19 July 2010
  50. 50. What other nation is so great as to have such righteous decrees and laws as this body of laws I am setting before you today? Deuteronomy 4:8 Monday, 19 July 2010
  51. 51. life abundance prosperity covenant blessings health respect security Monday, 19 July 2010
  52. 52. disease drought defeat death deportation covenant curses destruction disgrace danger dearth destitution Monday, 19 July 2010
  53. 53. enemy within Monday, 19 July 2010
  54. 54. Read Deuteronomy 18:9–22 What are the people of God to avoid? Why? What is the purpose of these pagan practices? ? What is the only valid option for God’s people? Why? Monday, 19 July 2010
  55. 55. When the Lord your God eliminates the nations from the place where you are headed and you dispossess them, you will settle down in their land. After they have been destroyed from your presence, be careful not to be ensnared like they are; do not pursue their gods and say, ‘How do these nations serve their gods? I will do the same.’ . . . Monday, 19 July 2010
  56. 56. You must not worship the Lord your God the way they do! For everything that is abhorrent to him, everything he hates, they have done when worshipping their gods. They even burn up their sons and daughters before their gods! Deuteronomy 12:29–31 (NET) Monday, 19 July 2010
  57. 57. • Failure to deal with pagan nations • Failure to live by God’s standards • Failure to have God at the centre of life and worship Monday, 19 July 2010
  58. 58. Turning from God Peace Oppression Rescuer Crying (Judge) to God 58 Monday, 19 July 2010
  59. 59. In those days Israel had no king; everyone did as he saw fit. Judges 17:6; 18:1; 19:1; 21:25 Monday, 19 July 2010
  60. 60. prophets = nabi called (by God) to call out (for God) Monday, 19 July 2010
  61. 61. Prophets are called by God . . . to speak from God . . . about God Monday, 19 July 2010
  62. 62. authority Monday, 19 July 2010
  63. 63. uniformity Monday, 19 July 2010
  64. 64. Whether he is discussing the past, present or future, the prophet is seeking to make God the most genuine reality that men can know and experience. A.B. Mickelson Interpreting the Bible, p. 287 Monday, 19 July 2010
  65. 65. not foretelling Monday, 19 July 2010
  66. 66. forthtelling Monday, 19 July 2010
  67. 67. Prophecy is essentially a ministry of disclosure, a stripping bare. Israel’s great prophets do not merely lift the veil of the future in order to destroy false expectations; at the same time, they expose the conduct of their contemporaries. . . . Prophets tear the masks away and show the true face of the people behind them. Hans Walter Wolff, Confrontations Monday, 19 July 2010
  68. 68. God’s glory Monday, 19 July 2010
  69. 69. God’s ultimate concern Monday, 19 July 2010
  70. 70. The Word of the LORD Monday, 19 July 2010
  71. 71. Calling people Covenant enforcement back to the mediators covenant (Fee and Stuart) Monday, 19 July 2010
  72. 72. Warning of judgment Monday, 19 July 2010
  73. 73. Promising restoration Monday, 19 July 2010
  74. 74. Restoration Monday, 19 July 2010
  75. 75. Basic pattern Monday, 19 July 2010
  76. 76. Identification of Declaration of Israel’s sin God’s love for Israel Announcement of Announcement of judgment blessing Monday, 19 July 2010
  77. 77. tonywatkins.org twitter.com/tonywatkins_ facebook.com/tonywatkins Monday, 19 July 2010

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