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The
 Prophets
Monday, 19 July 2010
Historical




        Wisdom


                                    Prophetic
Monday, 19 July 2010
Canonical
                       prophets
Monday, 19 July 2010
Old Testament
                                       Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus,
                        Pentateuch     Numbers, Deuteronomy
                                       Joshua, Judges, Ruth, 1–2 Samuel
                       History books   1–2 Kings, 1–2 Chronicles, Ezra,
                                       Nehemiah, Esther
                                       Job, Psalms, Proverbs,
                       Wisdom Lit.     Ecclesiastes, Song of Solomon

                                       Isaiah, Jeremiah, Lamentations,
                         Prophets      Ezekiel, Daniel, Minor Prophets



Monday, 19 July 2010
New Testament
                         Revelation       Matthew Mark, Luke, John


                          History         Acts


                       Timeless present   Romans – Jude


                        Anticipation      Revelations




Monday, 19 July 2010
Christian   Jewish

                   Old Testament   Tanak

                 New Testament



Monday, 19 July 2010
Old Testament     Tanak
                       Pentateuch
                          Law       Instruction
                                       Torah

                        History     Prophets
                                     Nevi’im

                        Wisdom       Writings
                                     Ketuvim

                       Prophets



Monday, 19 July 2010
Tanak
                                               Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus,
                       Law/Instruction         Numbers, Deuteronomy


                             Former Prophets   Joshua, Judges, Samuel, Kings
                   Nevi’im




                                               Isaiah, Jeremiah, Ezekiel,
                             Latter Prophets
                                               Book of the Twelve
                                               Psalms, Job, Proverbs, Ruth, Song
                                               of Solomon, Ecclesiastes,
                             Writings
                             Ketuvim           Lamentations, Esther, Daniel,
                                               Ezra–Nehemiah, Chronicles

Monday, 19 July 2010
How do you feel about the prophets in the
           Old Testament?
           What do you find difficult about them?




                                                  ?
           Why is it important to study them?




Monday, 19 July 2010
They have a queer way
                               of talking, like people
                               who, instead of
                               proceeding in an orderly
                               manner, ramble off from
                               one thing to the next so
                               that you cannot make
                               heads or tails of them or
                               see what they are
               Martin Luther   getting at.

Monday, 19 July 2010
GOD


               them          us
Monday, 19 July 2010
to g
                                s in
                               r d
                             ie n
                            r a
                           r t
                          a s
                         b r
                        n de
                       u
                                        12

Monday, 19 July 2010
Language                  Geography


                                 Religion


                       Culture               History

Monday, 19 July 2010
so why study the prophets?




Monday, 19 July 2010
What is the ultimate meaning of life for any
           human being? What is the highest value of
           human life?




Monday, 19 July 2010
                                                    ?
to know God

Monday, 19 July 2010
Why do we have
                     the Bible?

                               So that we can
                                 know God



Monday, 19 July 2010
‘I will be your God and you will be my
                   people’




Monday, 19 July 2010
But now that you have come to know
                   God, or rather to be known by God, how
                   can you turn back again to the weak and
                   worthless elementary principles of the
                   world, whose slaves you want to be once
                   more?
                                                 Galatians 4:9



Monday, 19 July 2010
covenant

Monday, 19 July 2010
contract




Monday, 19 July 2010
A covenant formally binds two parties
                   together in a relationship, on the basis of
                   mutual personal commitment, with
                   consequences for keeping or breaking the
                   covenant.
                                                ESV Study Bible




Monday, 19 July 2010
Adam




Monday, 19 July 2010
But like Adam they transgressed the
                   covenant; there they dealt faithlessly with
                   me.
                                                     Hosea 6:7




Monday, 19 July 2010
Read Genesis 1:28–30; 2:16–17
           Who is the covenant between?
           What commitments are made?




                                           ?
           What are the requirements?




Monday, 19 July 2010
Adam
                       humanity / all creation



Monday, 19 July 2010
Noah




Monday, 19 July 2010
Read Genesis 9:1–17
           Who is the covenant between?
           What commitments are made?




                                               ?
           What are the requirements?
           What is the sign of the covenant?



Monday, 19 July 2010
Noah
                       humanity / all creation



Monday, 19 July 2010
Abraham




Monday, 19 July 2010
I will make you into a great nation. I will
                  bless you and make you famous, and you
                  will be a blessing to others. I will bless
                  those who bless you and curse those
                  who treat you with contempt. All the
                  families on earth will be blessed through
                  you.
                                          Genesis 12:1–3, NLT



Monday, 19 July 2010
Read Genesis 17:1–27
           Who is the covenant between?
           What commitments are made?




                                               ?
           What are the requirements?
           What is the sign of the covenant?



Monday, 19 July 2010
Abraham
                               Israel
                       blessing to all nations



Monday, 19 July 2010
CANAAN

Monday, 19 July 2010
Moses




Monday, 19 July 2010
Now if you will obey me and keep my
                   covenant, you will be my own special
                   treasure from among all the peoples on
                   the earth; for the earth belongs to me. . . .
                                                  Exodus 19:1




Monday, 19 July 2010
Moses
                        Israel



Monday, 19 July 2010
Jericho

                       CANAAN
                                    MOAB


Monday, 19 July 2010
ali
                                                       ARAM




                                              ht
                                          Nap
                          Asher
                         Zebullun                  Issachar

                                   Manasseh Manasseh
                                     (half)    (half)
                                      Ephraim
                                  Dan        Gad AMMON
                                   ES

                       Benjamin
                                  N



                                                       Reuben
                                  TI




                                        Judah
                                IS
                              IL




                                                   MOAB
                            PH




                       Simeon
                                            EDOM
                             AMALEK                    MIDIAN
Monday, 19 July 2010
David




Monday, 19 July 2010
Don’t you realise that the Lord, the God
                   of Israel, made a lasting covenant with
                   David, giving him and his descendants the
                   throne of Israel forever?
                                              2 Chronicles 13:5




Monday, 19 July 2010
Read 2 Samuel 7:4–17
           Who is the covenant between?
           What commitments are made?




                                               ?
           What are the requirements?
           What is the sign of the covenant?



Monday, 19 July 2010
David
                        Israel



Monday, 19 July 2010
historical
                       context
Monday, 19 July 2010
origins of prophetism




Monday, 19 July 2010
Who is the earliest prophet in the OT?
           Who is the greatest prophet in the OT?




Monday, 19 July 2010
                                                    ?
Moses




Monday, 19 July 2010
greatest prophet




Monday, 19 July 2010
There has never been another prophet in
                   Israel like Moses, whom the Lord knew
                   face to face.
                                         Deuteronomy 34:10




Monday, 19 July 2010
What other nation is so great as to have
                   such righteous decrees and laws as this
                   body of laws I am setting before you
                   today?
                                           Deuteronomy 4:8




Monday, 19 July 2010
life
             abundance                      prosperity

                            covenant blessings
                       health                respect
                                 security

Monday, 19 July 2010
disease             drought

                                    defeat
                  death                            deportation
                            covenant curses
        destruction                                  disgrace
                                    danger

                          dearth             destitution

Monday, 19 July 2010
enemy within

Monday, 19 July 2010
Read Deuteronomy 18:9–22

           What are the people of God to avoid?

           Why? What is the purpose of these pagan
           practices?




                                                     ?
           What is the only valid option for God’s
           people? Why?


Monday, 19 July 2010
When the Lord your God eliminates the
                   nations from the place where you are
                   headed and you dispossess them, you will
                   settle down in their land. After they have
                   been destroyed from your presence, be
                   careful not to be ensnared like they are;
                   do not pursue their gods and say, ‘How do
                   these nations serve their gods? I will do
                   the same.’ . . .


Monday, 19 July 2010
You must not worship the Lord your God
                   the way they do! For everything that is
                   abhorrent to him, everything he hates,
                   they have done when worshipping their
                   gods. They even burn up their sons and
                   daughters before their gods!
                              Deuteronomy 12:29–31 (NET)



Monday, 19 July 2010
• Failure to deal with pagan nations
            • Failure to live by God’s standards
            • Failure to have God at the centre of life and
              worship




Monday, 19 July 2010
Turning
                               from God

                       Peace               Oppression



                         Rescuer           Crying
                         (Judge)           to God
                                                        58

Monday, 19 July 2010
In those days Israel had no king; everyone did
            as he saw fit.
                              Judges 17:6; 18:1; 19:1; 21:25




Monday, 19 July 2010
prophets = nabi
                       called (by God) to call out (for God)




Monday, 19 July 2010
Prophets are called by God
                       	

 	

   . . . to speak from God
                       	

 	

   	

   	

   . . . about God



Monday, 19 July 2010
authority




Monday, 19 July 2010
uniformity




Monday, 19 July 2010
Whether he is discussing the past, present
                   or future, the prophet is seeking to make
                   God the most genuine reality that men
                   can know and experience.
                                                  A.B. Mickelson
                                    Interpreting the Bible, p. 287




Monday, 19 July 2010
not foretelling




Monday, 19 July 2010
forthtelling




Monday, 19 July 2010
Prophecy is essentially a ministry of
                   disclosure, a stripping bare. Israel’s great
                   prophets do not merely lift the veil of the
                   future in order to destroy false
                   expectations; at the same time, they
                   expose the conduct of their
                   contemporaries. . . . Prophets tear the
                   masks away and show the true face of the
                   people behind them.
                              Hans Walter Wolff, Confrontations

Monday, 19 July 2010
God’s glory

Monday, 19 July 2010
God’s ultimate concern




Monday, 19 July 2010
The Word of
                        the LORD
Monday, 19 July 2010
Calling people
                         Covenant
                       enforcement
                        back to the
                         mediators
                         covenant
                         (Fee and Stuart)




Monday, 19 July 2010
Warning of
          judgment




Monday, 19 July 2010
Promising
         restoration




Monday, 19 July 2010
Restoration




Monday, 19 July 2010
Basic pattern

Monday, 19 July 2010
Identification of     Declaration of
                          Israel’s sin    God’s love for Israel



                  Announcement of         Announcement of
                     judgment                 blessing



Monday, 19 July 2010
tonywatkins.org
                        twitter.com/tonywatkins_
                       facebook.com/tonywatkins



Monday, 19 July 2010

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BC1. Introduction to the Prophets

  • 2. Historical Wisdom Prophetic Monday, 19 July 2010
  • 3. Canonical prophets Monday, 19 July 2010
  • 4. Old Testament Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Pentateuch Numbers, Deuteronomy Joshua, Judges, Ruth, 1–2 Samuel History books 1–2 Kings, 1–2 Chronicles, Ezra, Nehemiah, Esther Job, Psalms, Proverbs, Wisdom Lit. Ecclesiastes, Song of Solomon Isaiah, Jeremiah, Lamentations, Prophets Ezekiel, Daniel, Minor Prophets Monday, 19 July 2010
  • 5. New Testament Revelation Matthew Mark, Luke, John History Acts Timeless present Romans – Jude Anticipation Revelations Monday, 19 July 2010
  • 6. Christian Jewish Old Testament Tanak New Testament Monday, 19 July 2010
  • 7. Old Testament Tanak Pentateuch Law Instruction Torah History Prophets Nevi’im Wisdom Writings Ketuvim Prophets Monday, 19 July 2010
  • 8. Tanak Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Law/Instruction Numbers, Deuteronomy Former Prophets Joshua, Judges, Samuel, Kings Nevi’im Isaiah, Jeremiah, Ezekiel, Latter Prophets Book of the Twelve Psalms, Job, Proverbs, Ruth, Song of Solomon, Ecclesiastes, Writings Ketuvim Lamentations, Esther, Daniel, Ezra–Nehemiah, Chronicles Monday, 19 July 2010
  • 9. How do you feel about the prophets in the Old Testament? What do you find difficult about them? ? Why is it important to study them? Monday, 19 July 2010
  • 10. They have a queer way of talking, like people who, instead of proceeding in an orderly manner, ramble off from one thing to the next so that you cannot make heads or tails of them or see what they are Martin Luther getting at. Monday, 19 July 2010
  • 11. GOD them us Monday, 19 July 2010
  • 12. to g s in r d ie n r a r t a s b r n de u 12 Monday, 19 July 2010
  • 13. Language Geography Religion Culture History Monday, 19 July 2010
  • 14. so why study the prophets? Monday, 19 July 2010
  • 15. What is the ultimate meaning of life for any human being? What is the highest value of human life? Monday, 19 July 2010 ?
  • 16. to know God Monday, 19 July 2010
  • 17. Why do we have the Bible? So that we can know God Monday, 19 July 2010
  • 18. ‘I will be your God and you will be my people’ Monday, 19 July 2010
  • 19. But now that you have come to know God, or rather to be known by God, how can you turn back again to the weak and worthless elementary principles of the world, whose slaves you want to be once more? Galatians 4:9 Monday, 19 July 2010
  • 22. A covenant formally binds two parties together in a relationship, on the basis of mutual personal commitment, with consequences for keeping or breaking the covenant. ESV Study Bible Monday, 19 July 2010
  • 24. But like Adam they transgressed the covenant; there they dealt faithlessly with me. Hosea 6:7 Monday, 19 July 2010
  • 25. Read Genesis 1:28–30; 2:16–17 Who is the covenant between? What commitments are made? ? What are the requirements? Monday, 19 July 2010
  • 26. Adam humanity / all creation Monday, 19 July 2010
  • 28. Read Genesis 9:1–17 Who is the covenant between? What commitments are made? ? What are the requirements? What is the sign of the covenant? Monday, 19 July 2010
  • 29. Noah humanity / all creation Monday, 19 July 2010
  • 31. I will make you into a great nation. I will bless you and make you famous, and you will be a blessing to others. I will bless those who bless you and curse those who treat you with contempt. All the families on earth will be blessed through you. Genesis 12:1–3, NLT Monday, 19 July 2010
  • 32. Read Genesis 17:1–27 Who is the covenant between? What commitments are made? ? What are the requirements? What is the sign of the covenant? Monday, 19 July 2010
  • 33. Abraham Israel blessing to all nations Monday, 19 July 2010
  • 36. Now if you will obey me and keep my covenant, you will be my own special treasure from among all the peoples on the earth; for the earth belongs to me. . . . Exodus 19:1 Monday, 19 July 2010
  • 37. Moses Israel Monday, 19 July 2010
  • 38. Jericho CANAAN MOAB Monday, 19 July 2010
  • 39. ali ARAM ht Nap Asher Zebullun Issachar Manasseh Manasseh (half) (half) Ephraim Dan Gad AMMON ES Benjamin N Reuben TI Judah IS IL MOAB PH Simeon EDOM AMALEK MIDIAN Monday, 19 July 2010
  • 41. Don’t you realise that the Lord, the God of Israel, made a lasting covenant with David, giving him and his descendants the throne of Israel forever? 2 Chronicles 13:5 Monday, 19 July 2010
  • 42. Read 2 Samuel 7:4–17 Who is the covenant between? What commitments are made? ? What are the requirements? What is the sign of the covenant? Monday, 19 July 2010
  • 43. David Israel Monday, 19 July 2010
  • 44. historical context Monday, 19 July 2010
  • 46. Who is the earliest prophet in the OT? Who is the greatest prophet in the OT? Monday, 19 July 2010 ?
  • 49. There has never been another prophet in Israel like Moses, whom the Lord knew face to face. Deuteronomy 34:10 Monday, 19 July 2010
  • 50. What other nation is so great as to have such righteous decrees and laws as this body of laws I am setting before you today? Deuteronomy 4:8 Monday, 19 July 2010
  • 51. life abundance prosperity covenant blessings health respect security Monday, 19 July 2010
  • 52. disease drought defeat death deportation covenant curses destruction disgrace danger dearth destitution Monday, 19 July 2010
  • 54. Read Deuteronomy 18:9–22 What are the people of God to avoid? Why? What is the purpose of these pagan practices? ? What is the only valid option for God’s people? Why? Monday, 19 July 2010
  • 55. When the Lord your God eliminates the nations from the place where you are headed and you dispossess them, you will settle down in their land. After they have been destroyed from your presence, be careful not to be ensnared like they are; do not pursue their gods and say, ‘How do these nations serve their gods? I will do the same.’ . . . Monday, 19 July 2010
  • 56. You must not worship the Lord your God the way they do! For everything that is abhorrent to him, everything he hates, they have done when worshipping their gods. They even burn up their sons and daughters before their gods! Deuteronomy 12:29–31 (NET) Monday, 19 July 2010
  • 57. • Failure to deal with pagan nations • Failure to live by God’s standards • Failure to have God at the centre of life and worship Monday, 19 July 2010
  • 58. Turning from God Peace Oppression Rescuer Crying (Judge) to God 58 Monday, 19 July 2010
  • 59. In those days Israel had no king; everyone did as he saw fit. Judges 17:6; 18:1; 19:1; 21:25 Monday, 19 July 2010
  • 60. prophets = nabi called (by God) to call out (for God) Monday, 19 July 2010
  • 61. Prophets are called by God . . . to speak from God . . . about God Monday, 19 July 2010
  • 64. Whether he is discussing the past, present or future, the prophet is seeking to make God the most genuine reality that men can know and experience. A.B. Mickelson Interpreting the Bible, p. 287 Monday, 19 July 2010
  • 67. Prophecy is essentially a ministry of disclosure, a stripping bare. Israel’s great prophets do not merely lift the veil of the future in order to destroy false expectations; at the same time, they expose the conduct of their contemporaries. . . . Prophets tear the masks away and show the true face of the people behind them. Hans Walter Wolff, Confrontations Monday, 19 July 2010
  • 70. The Word of the LORD Monday, 19 July 2010
  • 71. Calling people Covenant enforcement back to the mediators covenant (Fee and Stuart) Monday, 19 July 2010
  • 72. Warning of judgment Monday, 19 July 2010
  • 73. Promising restoration Monday, 19 July 2010
  • 76. Identification of Declaration of Israel’s sin God’s love for Israel Announcement of Announcement of judgment blessing Monday, 19 July 2010
  • 77. tonywatkins.org twitter.com/tonywatkins_ facebook.com/tonywatkins Monday, 19 July 2010