Is God a Delusion?
reality
How many people do you know who
describe themselves as atheist or agnostic?
Why do people not believe in the existence



...
Dawkins


          4
God Delusion


               5
Isn’t enough to see
that a garden is
beautiful without
having to believe
that there are
fairies at the
bottom of it?


   ...
I think that a case can made that faith is
one of the world’s great evils, comparable
to the smallpox virus but harder to
...
Science = Truth


                  8
Scientists [are] the
specialists in discovering
what is true about the
world and the universe.
       A Devil’s Chaplain, ...
Science can explain everything



                                 10
Religion = Delusion


                      11
Religion = Unscientific


                         12
It cannot be proved



                      13
It is not supported by evidence


                         l ly ?
                     re a
                              ...
experiential evidence


                        15
Why is your personal experience of God so
important?




                                     ?
philosophical evidence


                         17
scientific evidence


                     18
cosmological argument
1. Everything that begins to exist has a cause.
2. The universe began to exist.
3. Therefore, the universe has a cause.
• uncaused
• immaterial
• changeless
• timeless
• enormously powerful
• personal

                        21
scientific evidence


                     22
Big Bang
what kind of universe is it?



                               24
Static universe



                  25
1929 – Edwin Hubble



                      26
expanding universe



                     27
red shift



            28
Big Bang



           29
The Big Bang represents the creation
event. The creation not only of all the
matter and energy in the universe, but also
o...
steady-state expanding universe



                                  31
oscillating universe



                       32
Big Bang / Big Crunch



                        33
1965 – Arno Penzias and
    Robert Wilson



                          34
cosmic echo


              35
cosmic echo



              36
microwave background
      radiation



                       37
A cosmic echo


                38
24% helium



             39
beginning of space and time



                              40
Suppose you suddenly hear a load bang,
    and you ask ‘What made that bang?’ and I
    reply, ‘Nothing, it just happened,...
philosophical evidence


                         42
teleological argument
1. The fine-tuning of the universe is due to
   either physical necessity, chance or design.
2. It is not due to physical n...
scientific evidence


                     45
2. The fine tuning of the universe




                                    46
David Wilkinson
Video from God: New Evidence – www.focus.org.uk   47
If the rate of expansion of the universe
    one second after the Big bang was smaller
    by 1 part in 100,000,000,000,00...
Probability of the Big Bang’s low entropy
    condition arising by chance: 1 in 10 to the
    power of 10  123

          ...
Odds against the initial conditions being
    suitable for star formation: 1 followed by a
    thousand billion billion ze...
John Polkinghorne
Video from God: New Evidence – www.focus.org.uk   51
[It looks as if] a super-intellect has
    monkeyed with physics as well as with
    chemistry and biology.
              ...
The evolution of complex life, indeed its
very existence in a universe obeying
physical laws, is wonderfully surprising – ...
There is an anthropic sense, then, in which
our existence should not be surprising. I'd
like to think that I speak for my ...
In ways can this fine-tuning evidence be
accounted for?
How could you use this to help people




                         ...
moral argument
morality
1. If God does not exist, objective moral
   values and duties do not exist.
2. Objective moral values and duties do exist...
The position of the modern evolutionist . . .
is that humans have an awareness of
morality . . . because such an awareness...
Considered as a rationally justifiable set of
claims about an objective something, ethics
is illusory. I appreciate that wh...
Nevertheless, . . . such reference is truly
without foundation. Morality is just an aid
to survival and reproduction, . . ...
Why is the existence of God necessary for
objective morality?




                                      ?
Some activities are objectively morally
wrong and we ought not to do them.
morally wrong
                implies a moral law-giver
objectively morally wrong
     external and infinite moral law-giver
we ought not to do it
               personal moral law-giver
external, infinite, personal moral law-giver
if there is nothing other
   than a purely material
universe, we cannot trust
  anything that we think
www.damaris.org

	

   	

   www.culturewatch.org

	

   	

   www.tonywatkins.org

	

   	

   twitter.com/tonywatkins_

...
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A2. Is God a Delusion?

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The second in a series of sessions on apologetics at Above Bar Church, Southampton. May 2010

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A2. Is God a Delusion?

  1. 1. Is God a Delusion?
  2. 2. reality
  3. 3. How many people do you know who describe themselves as atheist or agnostic? Why do people not believe in the existence ? of God?
  4. 4. Dawkins 4
  5. 5. God Delusion 5
  6. 6. Isn’t enough to see that a garden is beautiful without having to believe that there are fairies at the bottom of it? 6
  7. 7. I think that a case can made that faith is one of the world’s great evils, comparable to the smallpox virus but harder to eradicate. Faith, being belief that isn’t based on evidence, is the principal vice of any religion. Richard Dawkins
  8. 8. Science = Truth 8
  9. 9. Scientists [are] the specialists in discovering what is true about the world and the universe. A Devil’s Chaplain, p. 242 9
  10. 10. Science can explain everything 10
  11. 11. Religion = Delusion 11
  12. 12. Religion = Unscientific 12
  13. 13. It cannot be proved 13
  14. 14. It is not supported by evidence l ly ? re a 14
  15. 15. experiential evidence 15
  16. 16. Why is your personal experience of God so important? ?
  17. 17. philosophical evidence 17
  18. 18. scientific evidence 18
  19. 19. cosmological argument
  20. 20. 1. Everything that begins to exist has a cause. 2. The universe began to exist. 3. Therefore, the universe has a cause.
  21. 21. • uncaused • immaterial • changeless • timeless • enormously powerful • personal 21
  22. 22. scientific evidence 22
  23. 23. Big Bang
  24. 24. what kind of universe is it? 24
  25. 25. Static universe 25
  26. 26. 1929 – Edwin Hubble 26
  27. 27. expanding universe 27
  28. 28. red shift 28
  29. 29. Big Bang 29
  30. 30. The Big Bang represents the creation event. The creation not only of all the matter and energy in the universe, but also of space-time itself. Paul Davies 30
  31. 31. steady-state expanding universe 31
  32. 32. oscillating universe 32
  33. 33. Big Bang / Big Crunch 33
  34. 34. 1965 – Arno Penzias and Robert Wilson 34
  35. 35. cosmic echo 35
  36. 36. cosmic echo 36
  37. 37. microwave background radiation 37
  38. 38. A cosmic echo 38
  39. 39. 24% helium 39
  40. 40. beginning of space and time 40
  41. 41. Suppose you suddenly hear a load bang, and you ask ‘What made that bang?’ and I reply, ‘Nothing, it just happened,’ you wouldn’t accept that. In fact, you would find my reply quite unintelligible. Kai Nielsen 41
  42. 42. philosophical evidence 42
  43. 43. teleological argument
  44. 44. 1. The fine-tuning of the universe is due to either physical necessity, chance or design. 2. It is not due to physical necessity or chance. 3. Therefore, it is due to design.
  45. 45. scientific evidence 45
  46. 46. 2. The fine tuning of the universe 46
  47. 47. David Wilkinson Video from God: New Evidence – www.focus.org.uk 47
  48. 48. If the rate of expansion of the universe one second after the Big bang was smaller by 1 part in 100,000,000,000,000,000, it would have re-collapsed into a hot fireball. Stephen Hawking 48
  49. 49. Probability of the Big Bang’s low entropy condition arising by chance: 1 in 10 to the power of 10 123 Roger Penrose 49
  50. 50. Odds against the initial conditions being suitable for star formation: 1 followed by a thousand billion billion zeroes at least Paul Davies 50
  51. 51. John Polkinghorne Video from God: New Evidence – www.focus.org.uk 51
  52. 52. [It looks as if] a super-intellect has monkeyed with physics as well as with chemistry and biology. Fred Hoyle 52
  53. 53. The evolution of complex life, indeed its very existence in a universe obeying physical laws, is wonderfully surprising – or would be but for the fact that surprise is an emotion that can exist only in a brain which is the product of that very surprising process. . . . 53
  54. 54. There is an anthropic sense, then, in which our existence should not be surprising. I'd like to think that I speak for my fellow humans in insisting, nevertheless, that it is desperately surprising. The God Delusion, p. 366 54
  55. 55. In ways can this fine-tuning evidence be accounted for? How could you use this to help people ? consider the existence of God?
  56. 56. moral argument
  57. 57. morality
  58. 58. 1. If God does not exist, objective moral values and duties do not exist. 2. Objective moral values and duties do exist. 3. Therefore God exists.
  59. 59. The position of the modern evolutionist . . . is that humans have an awareness of morality . . . because such an awareness is of biological worth. Morality is a biological adaptation no less than are hands and feet and teeth . . .
  60. 60. Considered as a rationally justifiable set of claims about an objective something, ethics is illusory. I appreciate that when somebody says 'Love they neighbor as thyself,' they think they are referring above and beyond themselves . . .
  61. 61. Nevertheless, . . . such reference is truly without foundation. Morality is just an aid to survival and reproduction, . . . and any deeper meaning is illusory. Michael Ruse
  62. 62. Why is the existence of God necessary for objective morality? ?
  63. 63. Some activities are objectively morally wrong and we ought not to do them.
  64. 64. morally wrong implies a moral law-giver
  65. 65. objectively morally wrong external and infinite moral law-giver
  66. 66. we ought not to do it personal moral law-giver
  67. 67. external, infinite, personal moral law-giver
  68. 68. if there is nothing other than a purely material universe, we cannot trust anything that we think
  69. 69. www.damaris.org www.culturewatch.org www.tonywatkins.org twitter.com/tonywatkins_ facebook.com/tonywatkinspage

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