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Implications of Genetics and Evolution of Human Space Travel <ul><li>Or: Who's got the right stuff? </li></ul>
What are the Human Barriers to Space Travel? <ul><li>We're built to live on Earth </li><ul><li>Gravity
Atmosphere (pressure, content)
Magnetic Field
Element abundancy, availability
Social Opportunities
Circadian Rhythm </li></ul><li>If we want to continue manned space exploration, how can technology help overcome these obs...
History of 'Manned' Space Flight <ul><li>1948 ' Albert'  launched on V-2
Nov. 13 1958 Sputnik 2 carries dog  Laika
1/31/61  Ham , 11/29/61  Enos </li></ul>
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Evolutionary and Genetic Consideration in Space Travel

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Evolutionary and Genetic Consideration in Space Travel

  1. 1. Implications of Genetics and Evolution of Human Space Travel <ul><li>Or: Who's got the right stuff? </li></ul>
  2. 2. What are the Human Barriers to Space Travel? <ul><li>We're built to live on Earth </li><ul><li>Gravity
  3. 3. Atmosphere (pressure, content)
  4. 4. Magnetic Field
  5. 5. Element abundancy, availability
  6. 6. Social Opportunities
  7. 7. Circadian Rhythm </li></ul><li>If we want to continue manned space exploration, how can technology help overcome these obstacles? What role can/should evolution/genetics play? </li></ul>
  8. 8. History of 'Manned' Space Flight <ul><li>1948 ' Albert' launched on V-2
  9. 9. Nov. 13 1958 Sputnik 2 carries dog Laika
  10. 10. 1/31/61 Ham , 11/29/61 Enos </li></ul>
  11. 11. History of Manned Space Flight <ul><li>5/12/61 Yuri Gagarin
  12. 12. 7/20/69 Apollo 11
  13. 13. 3/22/95 Valeriy Polyakov returns from 438 day mission on MIR
  14. 14. Today: missions to the moon and Mars are being planned
  15. 15. Tomorrow: Colonization of other planets? </li></ul>
  16. 16. Sputnik through Apollo <ul><li>14 days inside a capsule? </li><ul><li>Genetics of Body Odor/Space Hygeine </li></ul><li>http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yPzgnkhiXNE&feature=related
  17. 17. How will the human body respond to micro-gravity? </li><ul><li>Albert 2 showed that pulse, breathing rate remained the same.
  18. 18. Harald van Beckh, Fritz and Heinz Haber study humans in parabolic flight. </li></ul><li>How will we respond to EVAs? </li><ul><li>'Earth-out-of-view Phenomena' </li></ul></ul>
  19. 19. Post-Apollo through today <ul><li>Refinement of technology to protect Astronauts
  20. 20. Space Stations (ISS, MIR, Skylab)
  21. 21. Biology of other living organisms </li></ul>
  22. 22. Future Missions <ul><li>How can genetics and evolution anticipate and alleviate potential negative effects?
  23. 23. Mars, 6-9 months one way </li><ul><li>Bone and muscle deterioration </li><ul><li>Hibernating bears?
  24. 24. Exercise in space? </li></ul><li>Cosmic Radiation </li><ul><li>Effects on genes </li></ul><li>Cardiovascular Effects </li><ul><li>Heart muscles, O2 requirments. What happens whe we come home? </li></ul></ul><li>520 day ”Flight” </li></ul>
  25. 25. One Way Mission <ul><li>200 years on a space ship
  26. 26. Who gets to come? How do we select? </li><ul><li>Initial population size
  27. 27. Male/female ratio
  28. 28. Inbreeding consideration?
  29. 29. Reproduction rate?
  30. 30. What will we know about phenotype? </li></ul><li>Genetics, Evolution and sources of energy? </li></ul>
  31. 31. So how does this all fit together? <ul><li>Bold scientists and bravery busted through 'human in space' myths based on biological uncertainty.
  32. 32. Genetic research pushed forward the frontier of human exploration in space.
  33. 33. Genetic research and evolutionary considerations will put humans on an another planet far, far away. </li></ul>
  34. 34. Sources <ul><li>http://history.nasa.gov/EP-177/ch5-2.html A meeting with the universe chapter 5-2. retrieved 11/2/11
  35. 35. Roach, Mary. Packing for Mars: The Curious Life in the Void. W.W. Norton & Co. 2010.
  36. 36. Finney, Ben R. And Jones, Eric M. Interstellar Migration and the Human Experience. University of California Press. 1986
  37. 37. Durante, M. et al. Chromosome abberation dosimetery in Cosmonauts after single or multiple space flights. Cytogenic and Genomic Research. 103:40-46 (2003)
  38. 38. Avener, Maurice and White, Ronald J. Humans in space. Nature. 409: 1115-1118 (2001) </li></ul>

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