Technology and Citizen Journalism


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Presented by Tonyo Cruz to the Pinoy Citizen Journalism Seminar on Nov. 29, 2008 at the University of the Philippines, Diliman, Quezon City. Inquiries may be made through

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Technology and Citizen Journalism

  1. 1. Technology and citizen journalism Presented by Tonyo Cruz to the Pinoy Citizen Journalism Seminar Nov. 29, 2009, NIGS Building, UP Diliman
  2. 2. Citizens and citizen groups are already using tech tools <ul><li>14 million Filipinos use the internet or roughly 15.1 percent of the population </li></ul><ul><li>Asia-wide, RP ranks 10th </li></ul><ul><li>Worldwide, RP ranks 26th </li></ul>
  3. 3. Internet penetration rate: IWS
  4. 4. Philippines to have 24 million web users in 2008: ACNielsen <ul><li>Up from 14m (2006), 7.82m (2005) and 2m (2000) </li></ul><ul><li>Sharp growth due to the large number of Internet cafes and the availability of low-cost computers </li></ul><ul><li>Forward, figures to go up by 50 percent every two years </li></ul>
  5. 5. No. of Filipino netizens: <ul><li>19.2 million in mid-2005 (IDC). </li></ul><ul><li>4 million Internet gamers in 2006, 16 million by 2010 (IPVG) </li></ul><ul><li>600,000 fixed broadband subscribers . One million by 2009 (Siemens) </li></ul>
  6. 6. Internet users by region: <ul><li>NCR - 9,000,000 </li></ul><ul><li>Region 4 - 5,250,000 </li></ul><ul><li>Region 3 - 1,800,000 </li></ul><ul><li>Region 6 - 1,800,000 </li></ul><ul><li>Region 7 - 1,800,000 </li></ul><ul><li>Region 5 - 900,000 </li></ul><ul><li>Region 11 - 900,000 </li></ul><ul><li>Region 1 - 750,000 </li></ul><ul><li>Region 10 - 600,000 </li></ul><ul><li>Region 8 - 450,000 </li></ul>
  7. 7. Internet users by region:
  8. 8. What do Filipinos do online? <ul><li>Power to the People: Social Media Tracker (WAVE 3) by Universal McCann </li></ul><ul><li>This study is very useful in finding out what potential tools for citizen journalists </li></ul>
  9. 9. WAVE 3: World and RP <ul><li>475 million people worldwide use the internet (16 to 54 years old) </li></ul><ul><li>15.5 percent of Filipinos use the internet regularly (roughly 3.7 million) </li></ul>
  10. 10. WAVE 3: Reading blogs <ul><li>RP SECOND TO SOUTH KOREA </li></ul><ul><li>90.3 percent of Filipino internet users READ BLOGS (previously 33 percent in 2006 and 64 percent June 2007) </li></ul><ul><li>3.3 million people, 6.6 percent of total population </li></ul>
  11. 11. WAVE 3: Writing blogs <ul><li>RP IS FOURTH WORLDWIDE </li></ul><ul><li>65.8 percent of Filipino internet users WRITE BLOGS (up from 14.1 percent in 2006 and 41 percent in 2007) </li></ul><ul><li>2.3 million people, 4.8 percent of population </li></ul>
  12. 12. WAVE 3: Social networking <ul><li>RP IS LEADER </li></ul><ul><li>83.1 percent of Filipino internet users CREATED A PROFILE ON A SOCIAL NETWORK </li></ul><ul><li>3 million people , 6 percent of population </li></ul><ul><li>Friendster rules RP; RP dominates Friendster (close to 40 percent) </li></ul>
  13. 13. WAVE 3: Sharing photos <ul><li>RP IS LEADER </li></ul><ul><li>86.4 percent of Filipino internet users UPLOADED PHOTOS TO A PHOTO SHARING SITE </li></ul><ul><li>3.14 million people, 6.3 percent of population </li></ul><ul><li>“ Picture-picture, post natin sa Friendster!” </li></ul>
  14. 14. WAVE 3: Uploading videos <ul><li>RP IS SECOND TO BRAZIL </li></ul><ul><li>60.5 percent of Filipino internet users UPLOADED VIDEOS TO A VIDEO SHARING SITE </li></ul><ul><li>2.2 million people, 4.5 percent of population </li></ul>
  15. 15. WAVE 3: Watching videos <ul><li>RP IS KING! </li></ul><ul><li>98.7 percent of Filipino internet users WATCHED VIDEO CLIPS ONLINE (up from 39.9 percent in 2006 and 60.7 percent in 2007) </li></ul><ul><li>3.6 million people, 10.4 percent of the population </li></ul>
  16. 16. WAVE 3: Podcast downloads <ul><li>RP is fifth worldwide </li></ul><ul><li>61.8 percent of Filipino internet users DOWNLOADED A PODCAST (up from 8.3 percent in 2006 and 26.4 percent in 2007) </li></ul><ul><li>2.3 million people, 4.5 percent of the population </li></ul>
  17. 17. WAVE 3: RSS subscriptions <ul><li>RP RANKS 6 TH WORLDWIDE </li></ul><ul><li>45.2 percent of Filipino internet users SUBSCRIBED TO AN RSS FEED </li></ul><ul><li>1.6 million people, 3.3 percent of the population </li></ul>
  18. 18. Filipino cellphone users <ul><li>As of 2008, about 63 million Filipinos </li></ul><ul><ul><li>33 million Smart </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>23 million Globe </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>7 million Sun </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Unlimited texting </li></ul><ul><li>‘ Cheap’ mobile broadband </li></ul>
  19. 19. Mobile internet in RP
  20. 20. ‘ Cheap’ internet access <ul><li>We can be connected to the internet through a wide variety of cheap access points, some free </li></ul><ul><li>P899 DSL </li></ul><ul><li>P5/15 mins </li></ul><ul><li>Internet cafes </li></ul><ul><li>Free WIFI </li></ul>
  21. 21. What do we do now <ul><li>Citizen journalists should tap all these tools! </li></ul><ul><li>Setup individual or group blogs </li></ul><ul><li>Use your phone as a camera, recorder and internet access point </li></ul><ul><li>Take advantage of cheap or free internet </li></ul>
  22. 22. Checklist <ul><li>Pen and paper </li></ul><ul><li>Computer </li></ul><ul><li>Phone </li></ul><ul><li>Camera </li></ul><ul><li>Voice recorder </li></ul><ul><li>Internet connection </li></ul><ul><li>Basic skills </li></ul><ul><li>Commitment </li></ul>
  23. 23. Blog <ul><li>Set up a blog at or </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Text, video, audio, photo </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Build and develop your community </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Be open to discussions and debate </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Expand your reach by bloghopping and joining blog events and groups </li></ul><ul><li>Study demographics of your visitors </li></ul>
  24. 24. Microblogging <ul><li>Twitter, Jaiku and Plurk </li></ul><ul><li>Quick 150-character updates </li></ul><ul><li>May be sent through an internet-connected computer or a phone </li></ul>
  25. 25. Social networking <ul><li>Maximize your Friendster, Facebook and other social networking profiles as platforms for your citizen journalism projects </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Expand and develop audience </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Build network of sources, friends </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Try to set up your own social network through </li></ul>
  26. 26. Your own TV channel
  27. 27. Live mobile TV broadcasts <ul><li>Using your camera phone and a 3G or WIFI connection, you can broadcast live video over the internet </li></ul><ul><ul><li>http:// / </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>http:// / </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>http:// / </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>http:// / </li></ul></ul>
  28. 28. Traditional forms <ul><li>Polyeto </li></ul><ul><li>Newsletter </li></ul><ul><li>Peryodikit/Wall News </li></ul><ul><li>Community newspapers </li></ul><ul><li>Student publications </li></ul>
  29. 29. Some ideas <ul><li>Your publications can go online </li></ul><ul><li>Your organization can target the middle class, youth, professionals, OFWs who are now online </li></ul><ul><li>You can form a group blog focusing on news and commentary important to you </li></ul><ul><li>Go for convergence of traditional and new media </li></ul>
  30. 30. Organizations <ul><li>Cause-oriented groups should use new media tools because they are there, people use them and we are now being prevented from doing so </li></ul><ul><li>Involve leaders and members in developing your media plan. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Role of leaders and members </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ User-generated” content in the context of an organization </li></ul></ul>
  31. 31. Can one person do citizen journalism <ul><li>Yes </li></ul><ul><li>But better if you have a partner or a team </li></ul><ul><li>Training is crucial. Obtain and improve skills both in journalism and technological tools </li></ul>
  32. 32. Important links <ul><li>RP’s Top 100 Blogs for 2008 </li></ul><ul><li>Tools for citizen journalism </li></ul><ul><li>Tools for Citizen Journalists </li></ul><ul><li>Message in-a-box </li></ul><ul><li>List of citizen journ websites </li></ul><ul><li>Rising Voices </li></ul><ul><li>Personal Media Learning Ctr </li></ul><ul><li>DIY Communications for Citizen Journalists </li></ul><ul><li>Mobile Internet Tools for the Citizen Journalist </li></ul><ul><li>Free Podcast Course </li></ul><ul><li>Make Your Own Internet Radio Station: ubroadcast </li></ul><ul><li>Ubroadcast </li></ul>
  33. 33. Thank you This presentation will be posted at: