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Tuesday 28 th  February 2012
 
<ul><li>Explain the operation of the building control system in England and Wales. </li></ul>ACSS511: Statutory Control
<ul><li>Concerned with ‘building control’ </li></ul><ul><li>Purpose of Building Regulations </li></ul><ul><li>Most buildin...
<ul><li>Planning </li></ul><ul><li>Building Control </li></ul><ul><li>Concerned with: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Land use </li>...
4CSS594: Statutory Control
4CSS594: Statutory Control The Building Act 1984
<ul><li>Sec of State empowered  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ to make regulations with respect to the design and construction of...
4CSS594: Statutory Control The Sustainable and Secure Buildings Act 2004
<ul><li>Furthering the protection or enhancement of the environment  </li></ul><ul><li>Facilitating sustainable developmen...
<ul><li>By means of a  Statutory Instrument : </li></ul>4CSS594: Statutory Control <ul><ul><li>A form of legislation which...
4CSS594: Statutory Control The Building Regulations 2010
<ul><li>Building work </li></ul><ul><li>Material change of use </li></ul>4CSS594: Statutory Control
<ul><li>Erecting or extending a building </li></ul><ul><li>Material alteration of a building </li></ul><ul><li>Provision o...
<ul><li>becomes a dwelling </li></ul><ul><li>will contain a flat </li></ul><ul><li>becomes a hotel  </li></ul><ul><li>beco...
<ul><li>Under Schedule 2 of Building Regs </li></ul><ul><li>Seven classes of exempt buildings and work </li></ul>4CSS594: ...
<ul><li>Do the Building Regulations apply? </li></ul>ACSS511: Statutory Control
<ul><li>The regulations do  not  tell us  how  to construct buildings </li></ul><ul><li>The regulations are short and simp...
4CSS594: Statutory Control Part A Structural safety Part B Fire safety Part C Site preparation and resistance to contamina...
<ul><li>Broad objectives or functions which building design and construction is expected to achieve </li></ul><ul><li>‘ Re...
<ul><li>They are expressed in broad functional terms </li></ul><ul><li>The requirements do not state  how  a building shou...
<ul><li>Requirement A1: Loading </li></ul><ul><li>(1) The building shall be constructed so that the combined dead, imposed...
<ul><ul><li>Requirement C2: Resistance to Moisture </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The walls, floors and roof of the building s...
<ul><li>Requirement F1: Means of ventilation There shall be adequate means of ventilation provided for people in the build...
<ul><li>Guidance on how the requirements can be met is provided in a series of documents known as…….  </li></ul>4CSS594: S...
<ul><li>Documents providing  guidance  on how the requirements of the Building Regulations can be met </li></ul>4CSS594: S...
<ul><li>ADs to correspond with each of technical ‘parts’ of Building Reg requirements </li></ul><ul><li>4 ADs covering Par...
<ul><li>Important to appreciate that ADs provide  guidance .  </li></ul><ul><li>It is not the only way of achieving compli...
<ul><li>“ Approved Documents are intended to provide guidance for some of the more common building situations. However, th...
<ul><li>There is a legal presumption that following the guidance is evidence tending to support compliance with the Buildi...
<ul><li>You are free to use alternative approaches, provided compliance with the Building Regulations can be demonstrated ...
<ul><ul><li>Requirement C2: Resistance to Moisture </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The walls, floors and roof of the building s...
4CSS594: Statutory Control
4CSS594: Statutory Control
4CSS594: Statutory Control
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ACSS511 Statutory Control Lecture 28/02/12

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ACSS511 Statutory Control Lecture 28/02/12

  1. 1. Tuesday 28 th February 2012
  2. 3. <ul><li>Explain the operation of the building control system in England and Wales. </li></ul>ACSS511: Statutory Control
  3. 4. <ul><li>Concerned with ‘building control’ </li></ul><ul><li>Purpose of Building Regulations </li></ul><ul><li>Most building work covered by regs </li></ul><ul><li>Must demonstrate compliance </li></ul><ul><li>Achieved by independent check on building work </li></ul><ul><li>Can be undertaken by LA or AI </li></ul>4CSS594: Statutory Control
  4. 5. <ul><li>Planning </li></ul><ul><li>Building Control </li></ul><ul><li>Concerned with: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Land use </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Amenity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Location </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Siting </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Design </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Layout </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Appearance </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Concerned with: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>How a building is constructed so that it can be used safely </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Energy conservation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Access for all </li></ul></ul>4CSS594: Statutory Control
  5. 6. 4CSS594: Statutory Control
  6. 7. 4CSS594: Statutory Control The Building Act 1984
  7. 8. <ul><li>Sec of State empowered </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ to make regulations with respect to the design and construction of buildings” </li></ul></ul>4CSS594: Statutory Control <ul><ul><li>To secure health, safety, welfare and convenience of people </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Furthering conservation of fuel and power </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Preventing waste, misuse, contamination of water </li></ul></ul>
  8. 9. 4CSS594: Statutory Control The Sustainable and Secure Buildings Act 2004
  9. 10. <ul><li>Furthering the protection or enhancement of the environment </li></ul><ul><li>Facilitating sustainable development </li></ul><ul><li>Furthering the prevention or detection of crime </li></ul>4CSS594: Statutory Control
  10. 11. <ul><li>By means of a Statutory Instrument : </li></ul>4CSS594: Statutory Control <ul><ul><li>A form of legislation which allows the provisions of an Act of Parliament to be brought into force or altered without having to pass a new Act </li></ul></ul>
  11. 12. 4CSS594: Statutory Control The Building Regulations 2010
  12. 13. <ul><li>Building work </li></ul><ul><li>Material change of use </li></ul>4CSS594: Statutory Control
  13. 14. <ul><li>Erecting or extending a building </li></ul><ul><li>Material alteration of a building </li></ul><ul><li>Provision or extension of controlled services and fittings </li></ul><ul><li>Inserting insulation into a cavity wall </li></ul><ul><li>Underpinning a building </li></ul><ul><li>Work affecting thermal elements, energy status or energy performance </li></ul>4CSS594: Statutory Control
  14. 15. <ul><li>becomes a dwelling </li></ul><ul><li>will contain a flat </li></ul><ul><li>becomes a hotel </li></ul><ul><li>becomes an institution </li></ul><ul><li>becomes a public building </li></ul><ul><li>was exempt but is no longer </li></ul><ul><li>contains greater or lesser number of dwellings </li></ul><ul><li>will be used as a shop </li></ul>4CSS594: Statutory Control A change of use is deemed to have occurred if the building: Note: change of use under planning law is different
  15. 16. <ul><li>Under Schedule 2 of Building Regs </li></ul><ul><li>Seven classes of exempt buildings and work </li></ul>4CSS594: Statutory Control
  16. 17. <ul><li>Do the Building Regulations apply? </li></ul>ACSS511: Statutory Control
  17. 18. <ul><li>The regulations do not tell us how to construct buildings </li></ul><ul><li>The regulations are short and simple and contain no technical detail </li></ul>4CSS594: Statutory Control
  18. 19. 4CSS594: Statutory Control Part A Structural safety Part B Fire safety Part C Site preparation and resistance to contaminants and moisture Part D Toxic substances Part E Resistance to the passage of sound Part F Ventilation Part G Sanitation, hot water safety and water efficiency Part H Drainage and waste disposal Part J Combustion appliances and fuel storage systems Part K Protection from falling, collision and impact Part L Conservation of fuel and power Part M Access to and Use of Buildings Part N Glazing Part P Electrical safety
  19. 20. <ul><li>Broad objectives or functions which building design and construction is expected to achieve </li></ul><ul><li>‘ Reasonable’, ‘adequate’, ‘appropriate’ </li></ul>4CSS594: Statutory Control
  20. 21. <ul><li>They are expressed in broad functional terms </li></ul><ul><li>The requirements do not state how a building should be constructed. </li></ul><ul><li>Examples………. </li></ul>4CSS594: Statutory Control
  21. 22. <ul><li>Requirement A1: Loading </li></ul><ul><li>(1) The building shall be constructed so that the combined dead, imposed and wind loads are sustained and transmitted by it to the ground -  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>safely; and </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>without causing such deflection or deformation of any part of the building, or such movement of the ground, as will impair the stability of any part of another building. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>(2) In assessing whether a building complies with sub-paragraph (1) regard shall be had to the imposed and wind loads to which it is likely to be subjected in the ordinary course of its use for the purpose for which it is intended. </li></ul>4CSS594: Statutory Control
  22. 23. <ul><ul><li>Requirement C2: Resistance to Moisture </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The walls, floors and roof of the building shall adequately protect the building and people who use the building from harmful effects caused by: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>(a) ground moisture; (b) precipitation including wind-driven spray; (c) interstitial and surface condensation; and (d) spillage of water from or associated with sanitary fittings or fixed appliances. </li></ul></ul>4CSS594: Statutory Control
  23. 24. <ul><li>Requirement F1: Means of ventilation There shall be adequate means of ventilation provided for people in the building. </li></ul>4CSS594: Statutory Control
  24. 25. <ul><li>Guidance on how the requirements can be met is provided in a series of documents known as……. </li></ul>4CSS594: Statutory Control
  25. 26. <ul><li>Documents providing guidance on how the requirements of the Building Regulations can be met </li></ul>4CSS594: Statutory Control
  26. 27. <ul><li>ADs to correspond with each of technical ‘parts’ of Building Reg requirements </li></ul><ul><li>4 ADs covering Part L </li></ul><ul><li>Additional AD for Reg 7: Material and workmanship </li></ul><ul><li>18 ADs in all </li></ul>4CSS594: Statutory Control
  27. 28. <ul><li>Important to appreciate that ADs provide guidance . </li></ul><ul><li>It is not the only way of achieving compliance. </li></ul>4CSS594: Statutory Control
  28. 29. <ul><li>“ Approved Documents are intended to provide guidance for some of the more common building situations. However, there may well be alternative ways of achieving compliance with the requirements. Thus there is no obligation to adopt any particular solution contained in an Approved Document if you prefer to meet the requirement in some other way.” </li></ul>4CSS594: Statutory Control
  29. 30. <ul><li>There is a legal presumption that following the guidance is evidence tending to support compliance with the Building Regulations. </li></ul>4CSS594: Statutory Control
  30. 31. <ul><li>You are free to use alternative approaches, provided compliance with the Building Regulations can be demonstrated </li></ul><ul><li>It is up to the designer or the builder to demonstrate that they have satisfied the requirements </li></ul>4CSS594: Statutory Control
  31. 32. <ul><ul><li>Requirement C2: Resistance to Moisture </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The walls, floors and roof of the building shall adequately protect the building and people who use the building from harmful effects caused by: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>(a) ground moisture; (b) precipitation including wind-driven spray; (c) interstitial and surface condensation; and (d) spillage of water from or associated with sanitary fittings or fixed appliances. </li></ul></ul>4CSS594: Statutory Control
  32. 33. 4CSS594: Statutory Control
  33. 34. 4CSS594: Statutory Control
  34. 35. 4CSS594: Statutory Control

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