Regional economic change in the EU By Mr Horler and Mr Pearce
Introduction <ul><li>In this lesson you will learn: </li></ul><ul><li>What the ‘hot banana’ is </li></ul><ul><li>What are the major industrial areas that are in decline in Western Europe. </li></ul><ul><li>What places have the highest GDP </li></ul><ul><li>What makes Lille so successful in attracting new industries. </li></ul>
Differences in regional economies <ul><li>In the whole of the EU, Greece, Portugal and Spain to the south and former east Germany have very different economies compared to the more recent EU members Austria, Finland and Sweden. This makes these countries not agree on some economic and social politics. </li></ul>
GDP in Western Europe The area’s with the highest GDP are situated in the centre of the EU in a line from Italy to the east of England. The less well off places with the highest rate of unemployment are found on the edges of the EU e.g. Greece and Finland.
Hot Banana and industrial triangle The EU’s economic core, i.e. its rich economic centre, is sometimes referred to as Europe’s ‘hot banana’. The areas away from the core, i.e. the economically less well developed centres are said to be on the periphery.
Area’s which experienced Economic decline <ul><li>Many heavy industrial regions of the EU have experienced economic decline because of exhaustion of raw materials and competition from overseas producers. </li></ul><ul><li>These are some of the major industrial areas in western Europe. Madrid, London, Bilbao and Central Scotland. </li></ul>
Case Study <ul><li>Regional change in Lille. </li></ul><ul><li>The world's first entirely automatic underground train system was opened here in 1982. </li></ul><ul><li>Originally a village on an island, Lille was fortified in the 11th century. </li></ul>Changes in employment in Lille Coal Textiles Services 1975 10% 25% 52% 1982 8% 22% 55% 1992 5% 10% 70%
What made Lille so successful? <ul><li>Financial Aid – Lille has received over £28 million in aid since 1985. This made Lille able to spend the money on things such as renovation and building development. </li></ul><ul><li>Transport improvements – Transport links are essential to a new region trying to develop new service-based industries. The two newest developments are the Auto route system and the improved rail network. </li></ul>
How did transport in Lille attract new industries? <ul><li>Improved rail connections: The new and improved rail network connects Lille with other regional capitals of France and surrounding countries, it also cuts the time it takes to get to places. </li></ul><ul><li>Improved road network: This new road network also connects Lille with six European capitals. Which means that the access in and out of Lille is improved and this means new industries can get people to travel into the city easier. </li></ul>
The END <ul><li>Thank you for watching </li></ul>