Quick mark scheme for the issues practice qns


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Quick mark scheme for the issues practice qns

  1. 1. Quick Marks Unit 4 practice questions
  2. 2. 1. Using resources 2 and 3a , describe the location globally of undernourished populations. (3) <ul><li>“ Most undernourished people are found in the continents of Africa, Asia and South America. In some countries such as Somalia, Chad and India this is as much as 20% of the total population.” </li></ul>
  3. 3. 2. Using resource 1 , define what is meant by being undernourished. (2) <ul><li>“ Being undernourished means that a person does not have enough food to eat. The food and agriculture organisation of the EU define this as anything less than 2350 calories per day.” </li></ul>
  4. 4. 3. Using resource 3b , identify and account for the correlation between GDP per person and calorie intake per day. (4) <ul><li>“ This is a positive correlation. The higher the GDP the more calories are consumed per day. This can be explained because wealth allows countries to import food supplies in times of shortage and people can afford to buy it. For example a GDP of over 40,000 US$ seems to result in daily calorie intakes of nearly 4000 ” </li></ul>
  5. 5. 4. Study resources 4 , 5 and 6. Simeon describes poverty as, “going empty with no hope for the future” Explain how poverty is so closely linked to lack of food. (6) <ul><li>“ Lack of income simply means that food cannot be bought in times of need. This will not necessarily affect people who can farm enough to feed themselves without needing to buy it. In countries where the climate, war or natural hazards means growing food is difficult people will not only be hungry but it may be difficult to get an income. Much of the poverty in the world is in countries that suffer from these obstacles such as African countries. In poor countries there is often very little help available from the government.” </li></ul>
  6. 6. 5. Using resource 8 , a) Describe the pattern of global obesity. (3) b) Explain how big a problem global obesity is. (4) <ul><li>“ There are more obese people in MEDC’s than LEDC’s. For example in the USA and Canada over 30% of the population are obese. In China and Ghana by comparison less than 5% of the population are obese. Japan is an anomaly, it is an MEDC but less than 5% of the adults in Japan are obese” </li></ul><ul><li>“ Obesity is not a problem globally, only in MEDCs with a high GDP as shown on resources 8 and 3, however there are many countries shown as ‘no data’ so we cannot speculate on these. The WHO forecasts that over 700 million people will be obese by 2015 and overweight people are also rising from 1.5 to 2.3 million, so we can say that obesity is to become an even bigger global problem in the future” </li></ul>
  7. 7. 6. Study resource 10 . Suggest why many doctors argue that obesity is a modern ‘epidemic’ that must be brought under control. (4) <ul><li>“ Resource 8 shows how obesity is rising rapidly. This is a problem for doctors because with it comes other health issues as shown in resource 10 such as osteoarthritis and heart disease which is the UK’s no.1 killer. Doctors are angry because this costs the NHS money and is preventable in many cases. Obesity issues are taking money away from other health services.” </li></ul>
  8. 8. 7. You work for an aid agency responsible for reducing the poverty in Simeon’s village ( resource 6 ). Study the list of options of how charitable money could be spent on this cause. OPTION A: Set up a goat project and train local people in the small scale farming of these animals. OPTION B: Invest in a family planning centre and employ a health worker to visit the village twice a month. OPTION C: Campaign western governments and world banks to drop the debt owed by Simeon’s country to increase domestic spending on services. Which one would you chose? Explain and justify your decision. (8)
  9. 9. <ul><li>The best answers will reach a clear conclusion by balancing the pros of one option against the drawbacks of others. </li></ul>