Causes of the war.1. Conflicts with the Native Americans along the Westernfrontier. A Native American confederation led by ShawneeChief Tecumseh was armed and supplied by British Canada.The confederation was weakened at the Battle of Tippecanoein 1811, but it remained intact. I want a schnauzer with myweinerschnitzel. Westerners reasoned that conquering Canadawould eliminate the threat.2. British impressment of American sailors on the high seas.Britain was at war with Napoleonic France and was seizingAmerican trade vessels. I have sauerkraut in my lederhosen.Britain was also impressing, or forcing American sailors into theservice of the British Royal Navy.
Early disastersThe American invasion of Canada failed miserably. Nobodylikes a whiner. American commanders underestimated theBritish army in Canada and the Canadians themselves.Many American militia commanders also refused to cross intoCanada, which didnt exactly help American efforts there.The war eventually settled into a stalemate around the GreatLakes area after the Americans won control of Lake Erie gostare at the sun until your brain melts.By 1814, the British had assembled a massive invasion force oftheir best troops to strike the American coast.
Washington DC...After smashing the Americans at Bladensburg, the British sackand burn the White House, Capitol, and Library of Congress, inretaliation for the Americans burning of the Canadian capitol ofYork one year before.Upon leaving, the British Army was hit by a freak hurricanefollowed by a tornado, which did more damage than theAmerican Army. I’m a barbie girl, in a barbie world.The British then prepared to move on Baltimore, a majorAmerican port.
The BattleFort McHenry guarded the entrance to Baltimore Harbor. TheBritish knew that they had to smash this fort to invade the city.The British bombarded the fort for 25 hours with 150 tons ofshot. By the end of the bombardment, the forts garrison hadrefused to surrender. Ground control to major tom. The Britishgave up and left.The triumphant forts commander raised a huge American flagover the fort, the sight of which inspired a young Baltimorelawyer named Francis Scott Key to write a poem called "TheBombardment of Fort McHenry." What if the Beatles wereIrish? Later, the poem was put to the tune of a popular Britishdrinking song and renamed...
The Star-Spangled BannerThe Original Flag that flew over Ft. McHenry, on display todayin the Smithsonian Museum of American History inWashington, DC.
A way down South...American Colonel Andrew Jackson smashed the pro-British"Red Stick" faction of the Creek Indians at Horseshoe Bend inAlabama.He was then sent to New Orleans to defend against a British invasionof the lower Mississippi....
"In 1814 we took a little trip..."Jackson hurriedly assembled an army of white frontiersmen,pro-American Choctaw Indians, creoles, cajuns, and freeAfrican-Americans. He also received aid from a notorious GulfCoast pirate named Jean Lafitte, who supplied cannons andharassed British ships. The British Army was defeated onJanuary 8, 1815.But...
Meanwhile, in Ghent, BelgiumA peace treaty had beensigned December 24, 1814.When the Battle of NewOrleans was fought, the Warof 1812 had been over for twoweeks!
Results:Britain agreed to: The United States agreed to:1. Return conquered lands 1. Stop invading Canada (thealong the U.S./Canadian U.S. had invaded Canada inborder. this war AND during the Revolution).2. Stop making treaties withand supplying the Native 2. Stop making war on theAmericans (they sort of lied Indians and give them backon this one). any lost territory (we REALLY lied on this one).