The Whig PartyOr: Fear and Loathing within the Two-Party System.
Who were the Whigs?• Founded in 1833 by John Quincy Adams and Henry Clay, Opponents of Andrew Jackson• Pro-Business, Industry, and Manufacturing.• Former Federalists.• States-Rights Southerners angered during the Nullification Crisis.
The First Election• 3 Whigs ran for President in 1836 (Daniel Webster, William Henry Harrison, and Hugh Lawson White).• They all lost.
1840 • William Henry Harrison was the Whig’s nominee. John Tyler was the VP nominee. • They presented him as a humble farmer, a fierce war hero and a “Man’s Man.” • Adopted the slogan “Tippecanoe and Tyler Too!” • Referred to President Van Buren as “Martin Van Ruin” and “Little Van.” • Harrison won: 234 electoral votes to 60.
President Harrison• Served the shortest term of any president in United States History.• Inaugurated on March 4, 1841.• Died of pneumonia, on April 4, 1841.• First president to die in office
President Tyler• Took over for President Harrison after his death.• First Vice-President to take over for his predecessor.• Kicked out of the Whig Party in 1841 after vetoing pretty much their entire agenda.
Other Whig Presidents • Zachary Taylor. Elected in 1848. Died in office in 1850 after eating a bowl of cherries and milk that may have been tainted with cholera or some other common, infectious disease.
Other Whig Presidents • Taylors Vice-President, Millard Fillmore took over and finished out his term in 1852.
Other Whig Presidents There, um…were none. • After Whig candidate Winfield Scott was soundly defeated in 1852, the Whig Party died.
Lasting Effects • The Whig Party spawned the Modern Republican Party, as many former Northern Whigs (including Abraham Lincoln) became Republicans during the 1850s.