New YorkFounded in 1607 by the Netherlands, originally named NewNetherland.Principal cities: Ft. Albany, New Amsterdam (New York City)Major leader: Peter Stuyvesant. Brought order to a rowdycolony, but grew to be hated by the colonists.In 1664, an English Army led by the Duke of York showed up tofight for possession of the colony, but Stuyvesant was sohated, the colonists surrendered without a fight.
PennsylvaniaFounded in 1681 by William Penn, a Quaker, as a haven forQuakers.Major cities: PhiladelphiaOne of the few colonies that actually honored treaties madewith Native Americans.
Other Middle ColoniesNew Jersey - originally part of New Netherland and New York.Delaware - at times ruled by New Netherland, New York,Pennsylvania, Maryland and Virginia. Settled by Swedes,Dutch, and English.
Unifying characteristics of MiddleColonies- Ocean-based industries (shipping, fishing, trade)- Some large-scale agriculture in the Southern Middle Colonies(Delaware, Pennsylvania)- New York and Pennsylvania were both heavily involved in thefur trade.