British Problems After 1763-Massive new empire to maintain.-Massive war debts to pay off.-Settlers from the 13 colonies flooding into Indian lands arecausing continued conflicts, such as Pontiacs War.The Solution?1. Proclamation of 1763 forbids settlement west of theAppalachian Mountains.2. Tax the colonies
1764The British Parliament creates theSugar Act, taxing all sugar andmolasses.Parliament also passes the StampTax, which states that all documents(wills, newspapers, deeds, landtitles, playing cards, almanacs, andjust about everything you canimagine) must be stamped (with astamp like the one shown) and taxed(its similar to how cigarettes andhard liquor is stamped and taxedtoday).
The Colonies respond:Newspapers carried political cartoons like this:Tax agents were threatened, harassed,tarred and feathered, and assaulted.Merchants agreed to boycott Britishgoods (refuse to buy).
The main complaint of the Colonists:"No Taxation without Representation!"in otherwords, no taxing of the colonieswithout allowing the colonies to berepresented in the Parliament.
1765 - Stamp Act repealed, but.....Parliament passes the Declaratory Act, stating that it has theright to tax the colonies at will.
1767 - Townshend ActsA series of taxes named after Charles Townshend, theBritish minister who wrote them.These Acts taxed everyday items that the colonists couldnt livewithout (glass, lead, paint, paper and tea).They also allowed the acts to be enforced through Writs ofAssistance...which were basically open-ended search warrantsallowing British authorities to search any part of your propertyat any time for any reason (or none at all).
Colonial Response:A group called the Sons of Liberty (and a womens group calledthe Daughters of Liberty), which started during the Stamp ActCrisis, urged boycotts of British goods. In some cases, theythreatened tax agents, merchants and individuals whocontinued to buy British goods.There were also various other protests throughout the coloniesranging from mass meetings, official protests to newspaperarticles and satirical plays.