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John adams federalist

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John adams federalist

  1. 1. John Adams - Federalist A Coach Odom Production
  2. 2. John Adams - Background-Patriot Lawyer who defended British soldiers accused of murderduring the Boston Massacre.-An ardent supporter of the Declaration of Independence.-The First Vice-President of the United States, and President of theSenate.-As President of the Senate, he cast a record 29 tie-breaking votes.-Political enemies referred to him as "His Rotundity" because of hisweight.
  3. 3. President Adams-Elected by a narrow 71-68 electoral college vote over ThomasJefferson.-Not really supported by other Federalists, but was considered thelesser of two evils (the greater being Jefferson).-Adams was no Washington. While Washington was a quiet, popularleader who concealed his emotions and was willing to listen tosubordinates, Adams was vain, opinionated, and stubborn. Alsodidnt help that he wasnt very physically attractive.-Many people felt the job seemed bigger than his abilities, althoughhe was more experienced than Washington in government.
  4. 4. Quasi-War with France - XYZ AffairIn 1797, France began seizing American ships as Britain had done earlier.Frances foreign minister asked for $250,000 plus a $10 million loan to Francebefore he would even discuss halting the seizing of ships. The offer was madeby diplomats Adams identified only as "X" "Y" and "Z."Adams, despite strong pressure to do so, refused to ask Congress for adeclaration of war, instead moving to strengthen the US Navy by building newwarships, like the USS Constitution.Adams made a lot of political enemies for refusing to go to war when mosteveryone else wanted to.France and Britain both stopped attacking American ships...for now.
  5. 5. Alien and Sedition ActsPushed through by Federalists during the tensions over France.Alien ActsGave president the power to expel any foreigner deemed dangerous tothe country. Also made it much more difficult for immigrants tobecome citizens.Sedition ActCitizens could be fined or jailed for criticizing the government orelected officials.
  6. 6. Kentucky and Virginia ResolutionsPassed by Kentucky and Virginias legislatures in 1798 and 1799 toprotest the Alien and Sedition Acts.Stated that each state had the right to determine for itself whether ornot a federal law was constitutional.Sparked the first of many debates to come over the issue of StatesRights.
  7. 7. Kentucky and Virginia ResolutionsPassed by Kentucky and Virginias legislatures in 1798 and 1799 toprotest the Alien and Sedition Acts.Stated that each state had the right to determine for itself whether ornot a federal law was constitutional.Sparked the first of many debates to come over the issue of StatesRights.

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