The Five “Civilized” Tribes
•Cherokees (Southern Appalachians)
•Choctaws (Mississippi, Alabama,
•Creeks (South Georgia and Alabama)
•Chickasaws (North Mississippi, West
•Had a written language, schools, and a
•Capital city of New Echota still stands
today in North Georgia.
•Successfully sued the state of Georgia
in the Supreme Court over land rights.
•President Jackson refused to enforce
the court’s decision.
•Gave up most of their land in the 1832
Treaty of Dancing Rabbit Creek.
•Most went to Oklahoma, but a few
•If you could take a trip to 1828
Mississippi, you couldn’t tell the
difference between a white farm and a
Choctaw farm unless the owner came
out to greet you.
Indians were not removed because they
refused to “get with the times” and
adopt the “white man’s ways.”
Indians were removed because they
were IN THE WAY and felt that the land
they’d lived on for thousands of years
•After the Sauk and Fox were removed from
Illinois, a warrior named Black Hawk led his
people back, spawning what became known
as “Black Hawk’s War.” Today, Black Hawk
is best known as a hockey mascot.
In Florida, the Seminoles, led by
Osceola also refused to go along
Osceola was told that the
Americans wanted to discuss a
peace treaty. When he showed
up to discuss it, he was arrested
and imprisoned. He died a
•“Osceola” can be seen at every Florida State
home game, where he once again declares
war on people who invade Florida