European America
The Columbian Exchange
A global exchange of people, things and ideas made possible
by Columbus' voyages in 1492.
 
From Am...
People, Things and Ideas made
possible by the Columbian Exchange
Spaghetti and Meatballs in tomato sauce
 
Pork and Beans
...
The Northwest Passage
Britain, France and the Netherlands all began looking for a
waterway through or around North America...
European Claims in the Western Heisphere
Colonial Powers
Major Players:
 
Spain
 
Britain
 
France
Minor Players:
 
The Netherlands
 
Portugal
 
Denmark
 
Russia
Characteristics of Spanish Colonies
Location:  Modern-day Southwestern
U.S., Florida, Central America & the
Caribbean, mos...
Characteristics of British Colonies
Location: Atlantic Coast of North America
with small presence in the Caribbean
(Jamaic...
Characteristics of French colonies
Location: St. Lawrence
River (Canada), Great Lakes,
Mississippi River, Gulf Coast.  Hai...
The lesser powers
Portugal controlled Brazil on the East coast of South America until
the 1820s. 
 
The Netherlands contro...
Early Conflicts
Spanish galleons traveled an area of the Caribbean known as
the Spanish Main.  This attracted pirates to t...
Conclusion:
These conflicts between the colonial powers will eventually
lead to the rebellion of Britain's 13 North Americ...
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European america

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European america

  1. 1. European America
  2. 2. The Columbian Exchange A global exchange of people, things and ideas made possible by Columbus' voyages in 1492.   From America:  Corn, beans, chile peppers, chocolate   From Europe: Wheat, sheep, pigs, cows, horses   From Africa: Peanuts, Okra, Gumbo
  3. 3. People, Things and Ideas made possible by the Columbian Exchange Spaghetti and Meatballs in tomato sauce   Pork and Beans   Chocolate Milk   "Hispanic"   Jazz
  4. 4. The Northwest Passage Britain, France and the Netherlands all began looking for a waterway through or around North America in the 1500s.   In the process, all three made land claims on North America.   In the early 1600s, they began colonizing. Britain (Jamestown, 1607) France (Quebec, 1609) Netherlands (Ft. Albany, 1611)
  5. 5. European Claims in the Western Heisphere
  6. 6. Colonial Powers Major Players:   Spain   Britain   France Minor Players:   The Netherlands   Portugal   Denmark   Russia
  7. 7. Characteristics of Spanish Colonies Location:  Modern-day Southwestern U.S., Florida, Central America & the Caribbean, most of South America.   Religion: Catholic (strictly enforced).   Economy:  Mining and Large-scale plantation agriculture.    Society:  Four Social Classes (in order from highest to lowest):  Peninsulares, Creoles, Mestizos/Mulattos, Slaves/Native Americans
  8. 8. Characteristics of British Colonies Location: Atlantic Coast of North America with small presence in the Caribbean (Jamaica, the Bahamas)   Religion: Protestant (strictly enforced in some places, not in others)   Economy: Mixed.  Fur trade and Naval Stores in the north, Tobacco, Rice, Indigo and Naval stores in the South.  Sugar and Piracy in Caribbean.   Society: Self-Rule leads to a more democratic society (for European males) in the north.  Slavery institutionalized in the South.
  9. 9. Characteristics of French colonies Location: St. Lawrence River (Canada), Great Lakes, Mississippi River, Gulf Coast.  Haiti & a few Caribbean Islands.   Religion: Catholic, strictly enforced.   Economy: Fur trade in the North, Sugar in the Caribbean.   Society: most French colonists were men who lived among and intermarried with the Native Americans.
  10. 10. The lesser powers Portugal controlled Brazil on the East coast of South America until the 1820s.    The Netherlands controlled modern-day New York and New Jersey.  They lost this colony (New Netherland) to the British in 1661.  The Netherlands also had some islands in the Caribbean.   Denmark controlled Greenland   There was also a short-lived Swedish colony (Ft. Christina) in modern-day Delaware.
  11. 11. Early Conflicts Spanish galleons traveled an area of the Caribbean known as the Spanish Main.  This attracted pirates to the area. Britain hired many of these pirates specifically to raid Spanish shipping.  Eventually pirates make a pretty good living in the Caribbean working for competing nations.     Britain, France and The Netherlands all fought with one another at various times over the fur trade in the Northeastern part of North America.
  12. 12. Conclusion: These conflicts between the colonial powers will eventually lead to the rebellion of Britain's 13 North American colonies, which leads to the creation of the United States.

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