The Necessity of BCP for
Prof. JI-HYEOB RYU
Disaster Mitigation IT Research Institute
Cases on national infrastructure damages
Cause of emergency is sudden change of environment and
Private companies are damaged because of lack of prevention
Advanced countries set up emergency management criteria
to prepare for emergency.
Construction company needs to adopt BCP as emergency
management criteria for its emergency recovery.
Review on national emergency Needs of building
and safety management system ⅰ
Emergency management of
Korean companies ⅱ system for
Trend of emergency management
criteria in international community and ⅲ company
Needs of adopting BCP as emergency
management criteria for construction ⅳ
Related regulations on emergency management
The country shall make efforts to
prevent disaster and protect its
people from danger.
Fundamental law on Manmade emergency:
emergency and safety Each department develops
management stipulates own regulation.
the basic principle of
emergency prevention, Social emergency:
and recovery. Protection of national
Law on dealing with manages guidelines of
natural disaster stipulates national risk management.
management on typhoon,
flood, earthquake, and
Government organization structure
NEMA, established on June 2004, is in charge of natural & man-made disasters.
However, emergency management on critical infra-structures is assigned to MOGAHA.
Disaster management structure
• The National Safety Management Committee(NSMC)
determines the critical policies on disaster & safety managements,
including reviews of National Safety Management Basic &
• Its chairman is Prime Minister and consists of relevant ministers
including chiefs of National Intelligence Service, National Security
Council, Korea Meteorological Agency, Broadcasting Committee.
There are 8 sub-committees, whose respective chairmen are the
corresponding ministers and which consist of related director-general
Disaster management structure
• The National Disaster and Safety Countermeasures
Headquarters (NDSCH) is in charge of prevention and status control of
natural disasters, as well as recovery planning, and executes necessary
measures related to such disasters.
• Minister of Government Administration and Home Affairs heads the NDSCH,
while Administrator of the National Emergency Management Agency serves
as its vice chiefs.
• The National Emergency Rescue Control Group(NERCG)
coordinates works between emergency rescue agencies and generally
manage the emergency rescue activities.
• The nominee by administrator of NEMA heads the NERCG and it has a
steering committee with government officials as well as private experts.
Safety and maintenance management
Regulations on safety and
maintenance of social
Safety management Safety and maintenance
during construction management after
Law on construction
management- Special law on safety
Safety management plans management of facilities-
Basic plans of safety and
Law on industry safety and
health-plans of preventing Fundamental law on
hazard and danger emergency and safety
Facility safety and maintenance system
Government set up its safety management
system in 1995.
Fundamental law on emergency and
safety management was enacted in 2004
Special law on facility safety and and
maintenance manages important facility. maintenance
By relying fundamental law on emergency
and safety management, each emergency
institution manages those facilities excluded
from special law on facility safety and
Review on national emergency management system
Setting up the NEMA, integration of preparedness and
response, and comprehensive response system.
Limits on each department’s emergency management
Needs of adopting emergency management standard
Needs of standardization on facility management system
Damages types of Korean companies
Emergency types of companies
Unit purpose Sum Related facts
11 43 16 70 Interviewed companies
11 43 5 59(84%) Typhoon, rain, earthquake, etc.
7 23 12 42(60%) Pollution, fire, explosion, etc.
Infrastru Barriers in computer, communication,
4 21 1 26(37%) security, electric supply, energy
cture supply, etc.
Managemen Terror, death of CEO, financial loss,
6 27 7 40(57%) corporate image, and other issues.
Corporate damages by natural disaster
Because conglomerate corporations do not have supporting
system for natural disaster, related information is not
Damages of medium and small sized corporation reached up
to 120 billion Won and 600 billion won during typhoon.
Years/Sum 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005
Comp Com Compa Compa Compa Compa
Sum Sum Sum Sum Sum Sum
any pany ny ny ny ny
12,390 12,074 1,527 1,019 1,486 2,094 7,020 5,735 1,290 1,255
System of corporate emergency preparedness
Law on supporting corporate autonomy for
Developing BCP for typhoon, rain, earthquake, etc.
Corporate do not have their compensation and supporting
for natural disaster.
Setting up Infrastruct
certificate of good
emergency ure of
excellency in corporate
➡ ➡ ➡
disaster on disaster
Emergency management criteria in international
Some advanced countries play a major role in
emergency management criteria
(ISO/TC 223 Societal Security)
2001, It was set up.
2005, Secretariat was moved from Russia to Sweden.
2006, The 1st conference was held in Stockholm, Sweden.
May, 2007, The 3rd conference was in in Orlando, Florida.
Nov. 2007, The 4th conference will be held in Netherlands.
Emergency management criteria in other countries
Countries U.S.A B.K. Japan Australia Israel
Criteria NFPA 1600 BS 25999-1 Not available HB 221 HS2-0142
scope management, BCP BCP BCP Security system
Enacting NFPA BSI JISC SA SII
Enacting ‘04년(2nd Ed.) PAS 56:2003
Date =>'07 (3rd Ed.) =>BS 25999-1 in Feb. ‘06 ‘04(2nd Ed.) Feb. ‘06
In the process of
proposing White paper
Types ANSI criteria From PAS to BS international Handbook
Stipulating Stipulating general
Criteria on recommendation principle on Stipulating BCP Stipulating facts on
Major crisis/emergency and evaluation organization BCP process in terms of security and its
contents management, and criteria on BCP management. risk management. system.
BCP as EMA process, principle,
영국 BS 25999-1 Code of
The BCM Lifecycle - Good Practice Guidelines
ISO/PAS IPOCM의 공통요
Incident Preparedness and Operational Continuity
Korean activities in emergency management
◆ Domestic activities
- BCP consulting by relying on advanced countries’ criteria
- Publicizing emergency management criteria by Korea BCP
- Attending ISO/TC 223 by NEMA and other institutions
- Setting up KSSS in Jan., 2007
◆ International activities
- April, 2006 IWA attendance by NSC, KSA, KATS, etc.
- June, 2006 Attending 1st Conferernce
- Nov. 2006 Attending 2nd Conference by NEMA, KATS,
- May 2007 Attending 3rd Conference by NEMA, KBCP,
Some job levels come to Job levels are disturbed by massive
over 100% by the response due to last restarts of job.
supports of outside
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Shortening job restarting time
Improving job performance level after
About 2 weeks About 1 month Time
Figure 1. Effects of implementing BCP
Roles of construction company during
◆ The role of construction company is influential over society and
- Company tries to minimize damages by emergency mitigation.
- Company prepares for safety management plans.
- Company needs to adopt BCP as its emergency management
◆ The role of construction company during disaster
- Company recovers infrastructure.
- Company prevents related disaster in construction site.
- Company supports recovery activities.
Features of construction company and
◆ Features of construction company
- pyramid organization, several major business areas, etc.
- Intensive labor, always utilizing construction machines,
- Possible construction stops during construction, owning
disaster prevention technology, etc.
◆ Related factors
- Cooperating with related companies
- Obtaining transportation media
- Dispatching emergency recovery team and others
Guidelines on Japan’s construction BCP
1. 검토대상이 되는 재해의 특정
2. 영향도의 평가
(1)정지기간과 대응력의 견적
(3)목표복구시간의 설정 건설BCP 계획
사 3. 중요업무가 받는 피해의 상정 5. 사업계속계획의 책정
업 4. 중요요소의 추출 (1) 지휘명령계통의 명확화
계 5. 사업계속계획의 책정 (2) 본사등중요업무거점의 기능확보
(1) 지휘명령계통의 명확화 (3) 대외적인 정보발언 및 정보제공
(2) 본사등 중요업무 거점의 기능확보 (4) 정보시스템의 백업
위 (3) 대외적인 정보발언 및 정보제공 추가 (5) 협력회사와의 연대
한 (4) 정보시스템의 백업 대체 (6) 인프라 복구공사에의 대응
시 (5) 제품•서비스의 공급관계 (7) 시공현장에의 대응
책 (8) 준공물건에의 대응
Comprehensive emergency management via setting up
While many supports are related to manmade emergency,
there are not supporting system for natural disaster.
International community, starting nations will have
Construction companies need to set up advanced emergency
& safety management system by adopting BCP.