Corporate Security:
An educational framework of
 integrated knowledge categories

Dr. David Brooks
Security Research Centr...
Overview
• Understanding security?
• Research questions
• Foundation theories
     – Knowledge structure
     – Multidimen...
Understanding Security
• What is security?
• Security industry is broad and multi-
  disciplined
• Security has many layer...
• Assured freedom from poverty or want       (The Angus & Roberston,
  1992)

• A stable, relatively predictable environme...
Importance of Definition
•   Career path – compulsory to tertiary
•   Direct higher education
•   Professional bodies
•   ...
What is Corporate Security?

    “security cannot be considered singular in
   concept definition, as definition is depend...
Research Questions

• What are the knowledge categories and
  subordinate concepts of security?
• Can a science of securit...
Theoretical Foundation
Cognitive psychology:
• Knowledge is not discovered, but utilises &
  expands existing concepts (No...
Multidimensional Scaling

• Multivariate analysis
• Reduces complex data
• Provides dimensional spatial representation
• E...
Initial Analysis
• 104 International tertiary security courses
  critiqued
• 9 Courses selected for content analysis
   & ...
Study Methodology




Dave Brooks               11
Extracted Security Categories

 • Criminology            •   Physical security
 • Contingency planning   •   Risk manageme...
ASIS Common knowledge categories
       of security model
  • Security             • Fire protection
  • Physical security...
Australian Government:
  Integrated security standards
        framework model




Dave Brooks           (Bazzina, 2006, p...
Science of Security Framework




                                15
Psychometric MDS mapping
  of Security Framework




                     27 Australian security
                     expe...
Science of Security Framework




                                17
Concluding Remarks

• Framework of security presented
• Assist in developing a consensual body
  of knowledge
• Reversed e...
Thank you
d.brooks@ecu.edu.au   Questions?




                               19
References
American Society for Industrial Security. (2000). Proceedings of the 2000 academic/practitioner
    symposium, ...
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Corporate Security-Training and Education

  1. 1. Corporate Security: An educational framework of integrated knowledge categories Dr. David Brooks Security Research Centre (SECAU) Edith Cowan University, Australia 2009 ASIS International Security Conference 3-5 February 2009 Hong Kong Dave Brooks 1
  2. 2. Overview • Understanding security? • Research questions • Foundation theories – Knowledge structure – Multidimensional scaling • Study design • Analysis • Security science framework Dave Brooks 2
  3. 3. Understanding Security • What is security? • Security industry is broad and multi- disciplined • Security has many layers • Current international politics has further broadened security • “every time we think we’ve got the definition of the security field nailed, somebody … starts taking some of the nails away” (ASIS International, 2003, p. 10) Dave Brooks 3
  4. 4. • Assured freedom from poverty or want (The Angus & Roberston, 1992) • A stable, relatively predictable environment where an individual or group may pursue its ends without disruption or harm (Fischer & Green 2004, p. 21) • Provision of private services in the protection of people, information and assets (Craighead, 2003) • National security and the defence of a nation, through armed force or the use of force to control a state’s citizens (Brooks, 2009) S = f(A, P, T) Si where asset (A), protection (P), threat (T) Dave Brooks & situation (Si) (Manunta, 1999) 4
  5. 5. Importance of Definition • Career path – compulsory to tertiary • Direct higher education • Professional bodies • Applied research • Self regulation • Social understanding Dave Brooks 5
  6. 6. What is Corporate Security? “security cannot be considered singular in concept definition, as definition is dependant on applied context” (Brooks, 2009, Security Journal) • Study extracted 2001 security concepts, integrated some into existing models: – ASIS Symposium’s – Attorney-General’s & Australian Standards • Outcome - framework of “corporate security”, with conceptualisation 6
  7. 7. Research Questions • What are the knowledge categories and subordinate concepts of security? • Can a science of security framework be developed and presented? Dave Brooks 7
  8. 8. Theoretical Foundation Cognitive psychology: • Knowledge is not discovered, but utilises & expands existing concepts (Novak & Gowan, 1983) • Knowledge structure • Built on previous knowledge • Categorisation - economised & abstracted • Expert – novice understanding • Study tools: – Multidimensional Scaling & Linguistic analysis Dave Brooks 8
  9. 9. Multidimensional Scaling • Multivariate analysis • Reduces complex data • Provides dimensional spatial representation • Elicits underlying dimensions • Analysis of judgements (Cox & Cox, 2000) Dave Brooks 9
  10. 10. Initial Analysis • 104 International tertiary security courses critiqued • 9 Courses selected for content analysis & 7 syllabi sourced • 2001 concepts extraction • Most common concepts identified using Linguistic Inquiry & Word Count (Pennebaker, Francis & Booth, 2001) • Expert validation (N=5) Dave Brooks 10
  11. 11. Study Methodology Dave Brooks 11
  12. 12. Extracted Security Categories • Criminology • Physical security • Contingency planning • Risk management • Facility management • Security law • Fire science • Security management • Industrial security • Technology • Information & computer security • Principles • Investigations • Threats Dave Brooks 12
  13. 13. ASIS Common knowledge categories of security model • Security • Fire protection • Physical security • Information • Risk management systems security • Emergency/Contin • Loss prevention gency Planning • Investigations • Personnel security (American Society for Industrial • Legal aspects Security, 2000, p. 87) Dave Brooks 13
  14. 14. Australian Government: Integrated security standards framework model Dave Brooks (Bazzina, 2006, p. 85) 14
  15. 15. Science of Security Framework 15
  16. 16. Psychometric MDS mapping of Security Framework 27 Australian security experts measured MDS Stress1=0.222 α=0.992 16
  17. 17. Science of Security Framework 17
  18. 18. Concluding Remarks • Framework of security presented • Assist in developing a consensual body of knowledge • Reversed engineered a definition of organisational security • Gained a clear & common understanding? • Further international research required Dave Brooks 18
  19. 19. Thank you d.brooks@ecu.edu.au Questions? 19
  20. 20. References American Society for Industrial Security. (2000). Proceedings of the 2000 academic/practitioner symposium, The University of Oklahoma, Oklahoma: American Society for Industrial Security. ASIS International. (2003). Proceedings of the 2003 academic/practitioner symposium, The University of Maryland, Maryland: ASIS International. Bazzina, M. (2006). Security standards and support systems report: A collaborative project between the Commonwealth Attorney-General's Department and Standards Australia. Sydney: Standards Australia International Ltd. Brooks, D. J. (2009 in print). What is security: Definition through knowledge categorisation. Security Journal. Craighead, G. (2003). High-rise security and fire life safety. (2nd ed.). Woburn, MA: Butterworth- Heinemann. Cox, T. F. & Cox, M. A. A. (2000). Multidimensional scaling: Monographs on statistics and applied probability. London: Chapman & Hall/CRC. Ferguson, G. (2004, August). Homeland security: Emerging technologies: Policing conference returns to Adelaide. Australian Defence Magazine, 12(8), 54. Fischer, R. J. & Green, G. (2004). Introduction to security. (7th ed.). Boston: Butterworth Heinemann. Novak, J.D. & Gowin, D. B. (1984). Learning how to learn. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Pennebaker, J. W., Francis, M. E. & Booth, R. J. (2001). Linguistic inquiry and word count (LIWC2001). Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum Publishers. The Angus & Roberston. (1992). Dictionary and thesaurus. Sydney: Harper Collins Publishers. Yates, A. (2004). Australia's homeland security market and industry's role. Canberra: Australian Homeland Security Research Centre. Dave Brooks 20

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