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Lecture 6 Narrative

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Film narrative notes - largely based on the Bordwell Reading.

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Lecture 6 Narrative

  1. 1. NARRATIVE SMST 101 The Moving Image Lecture 7 Sunday, 3 May 2009
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  6. 6. ANTICIPATION IS ITSELF PART OF THE NARRATIVE FORM • As viewers we are actively involved in making sense of films • Film makers use and play on this Sunday, 3 May 2009
  7. 7. • At their core, stories are all the same Sunday, 3 May 2009
  8. 8. Hero/Heroine Problem Hero/Heroine’s Return to (disruption) quest normality Agent of Change Sunday, 3 May 2009
  9. 9. • Narrative = a chain of events in cause-effect relationship occurring in time. • Events in a narrative must relate causally and occur in time. Sunday, 3 May 2009
  10. 10. NARRATIVE • Plot - what happens • Theme - what the story is about • Narration - how the story is told Sunday, 3 May 2009
  11. 11. STORY PLOT • all elements of a • all the events visibly and narrative - both those audibly presented in explicitly presented and the film that which the viewer • theorder of events in infers the film • chronological • mayor may not be chronological Sunday, 3 May 2009
  12. 12. THE VIEWER VIEWS THE PLOT TO MAKE THE STORY Sunday, 3 May 2009
  13. 13. 1. crime conceived 2. crime planned 3. crime committed STORY 4. crime discovered 5. detective investigates PLOT 6. detective reveals 1, 2, 3 Sunday, 3 May 2009
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  16. 16. Film TV Audienceʼs full attention and interest Often distracted - doing other things Audience present from beginning Audience comes and goes - less formal Everything in film is new and totally Prior knowledge about characters, unfamiliar and confusing settings, expectations No expectations, everything must be carefully explained if narrative is to make sense Sunday, 3 May 2009
  17. 17. FILM MAKERS EXPECT THEIR AUDIENCE TO BE CURIOUS AND EXPECTANT, ANXIOUS TO FIND OUT THE SOLUTIONS TO THE PROBLEMS THE CHARACTERS FACE Sunday, 3 May 2009
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  19. 19. RANGE OF INFORMATION Unrestricted Restricted Sunday, 3 May 2009
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  21. 21. DEPTH OF INFORMATION • Objectivity • Subjectivity Sunday, 3 May 2009
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  23. 23. MOTIVATION • Narrative is a human construct • We expect that any one element in a film will have some logical justification for being there • the Justification (why) for this being there is the motivation Sunday, 3 May 2009
  24. 24. CAUSE AND EFFECT • characters cause events within the narrative to occur. their character traits are carefully developed in order to ensure that there will be adequate material to stimulate the narrative. Sunday, 3 May 2009
  25. 25. PARALLELISM • running two stories or motifs side by side for the purpose of comparision Sunday, 3 May 2009
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  27. 27. Mandella Sunday, 3 May 2009
  28. 28. CONFLICT • Inner • Relational • Societal • Situational • Cosmic Sunday, 3 May 2009
  29. 29. CLASSICAL HOLLYWOOD CINEMA • Individual characters are seen as causal agents • Actions result from primarily psychological causes • Protagonist has desire - encounters conflict from antagonist - change results • Time is subordinated to cause and effect chain • Motivation of all elements will strive to be as clear and complete as possible Sunday, 3 May 2009

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