Effective Treatment For Criminal Offenders


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This is an outline presentation on a call for an integrated approach on treating within the Criminal Justice System

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  • Not only Did California enact Drug Offender deferrement laws, many other states as well as the United Kingdom. Initial Research results were less than hopeful, offering dismal statistical reports of successes. A closer look revealed some interesting considerations 1. Offenders being treated in unliscensed facilities 2. Improperly assessed and placed in the lowest level of care 3. Improper funding allocations 4. Statistical analysis included non-participants as well as actual participants
  • Untreated mental Illness20 % have been diagnosed with either axis I or axis II mental disordersHave limited access to treatment as well as pharmaco therapiesEducational DeficitsLower educational levels are linked to criminality oMany ex offenders are excluded from Student Grants and/or loans due to their Drug HistoryPoor Employment Histories as well as Minimal skillsStigma is attached to hiring ex felons Offenders with long periods of incarceration have little technical skills to even perform daily living skills Ex-felons are excluded from licensing and vocational opportunitiesBroken and Dysfunctional Families with no social support Many individuals come from families with familial incarceration.Negative role models in communities with high crime rates and gang activityHigh incidence of Domestic Violence and Substance abuse shows increase for high recidivism in familiesChronic Substance Abuse Untreated Many violent Offences are committed while the offender was under the influence or to obtain money to buy drugsSociety still stigmatizes Substance Abuse as a Moral IssueSubstance abuse is chronic,
  • Effective Treatment For Criminal Offenders

    1. 1. Moving from punitive measures to restorative
    2. 2. Crime and Punishment Does Not Work Overcrowding and Recidivism • Billions of wasted Tax Dollars • Unmeasured Cost to Community Social Services • Bottle-necked court system Department of Justice Statistics on United States Prison Population • 85% Of Incarcerated individuals are as an indirect or direct result of substance abuse Societies War on Drugs and Tough on Crime Results • 1,274,600 State inmates at a 12-23 % rise per year • Six Billion Dollars per year to house clothe and feed criminals without recompense.
    3. 3. Legislature has begun to take Notice California Prop 36 Non –violent Criminal Offenders to receive drug treatment in lieu of incarceration. Results High treatment failure can According to UCLA Offenders were treated in Actually saved the be attributed to failure to research; only “34% Currently has been cut unlicensed community taxpayer 2.50 for every 1.00 appear to enter treatment actually completed from the budget. treatment centers spent on treatment and being assessed at too treatment” low a level of care
    4. 4. Complications that Contribute to increased Criminality and Substance Abuse Broken and Poor Dysfunctional Chronic Untreated Educational Employment Families with no Substance Abuse mental Illness Deficits Histories as well social support Untreated as Minimal skills Many violent Offences Many individuals are committed while Stigma is attached to come from families the offender was under 20 % have been hiring ex felons with familial the influence or to Lower educational diagnosed with either incarceration. obtain money to buy levels are linked to axis I or axis II mental drugs criminality o disorders Offenders with long periods of Negative role models Society still incarceration have in communities with stigmatizes Substance little technical skills to high crime rates and Abuse as a Moral Issue even perform daily gang activity living skills Many ex offenders are Have limited access to excluded from High incidence of treatment as well as Student Grants and/or Ex-felons are excluded Domestic Violence pharmaco therapies loans due to their from licensing and and Substance abuse Substance abuse is Drug History vocational shows increase for chronic, opportunities high recidivism in families
    5. 5. What Can We Do ? Con-Joined Treatment Between Wrap Around Effective Evidence Community Based Community Based Substance Programs , Law Integration Services Abuse Based Enforcement and With Mental Health, Treatment in Long The Courts and Homeless Health Term Community Victims Restitution Care, Vocational Programs Counseling , and Tax incentive Hiring
    6. 6. In Conclusion: Arrest Conviction Release- limited incarceration options Punitive measures
    7. 7. Or a New Approach • Open communication and • An integrated approach with Education with Law enforcement mandated long term treatment • Incarceration based on assessing for needs, abilities and placement • Transportation directly to community facility Arrest and Sentence and Assess Treat Integration through Community education, Treatment with housing, Legal employment Restrictions • Priority access to graduates for and restitutions • Evidence–based long term drug Vocational education, low –cost and mental health treatment housing, on –going education • Liscenced facilities with open • Employment cooperation offering communication and cooperation tax break incentive to businesses with Corrective enforcement and hiring ex-offenders courts • Restitution for all ex offenders and modified citizen rights when paid and completed.
    8. 8. References  American Psychiatric Association (2007) “Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorder”( Rev. Ed). Arlingtonm Va.  Best, D. Homoyan, S., Lenton, H., Moverley, R., & Openshaw, M et al ( April, 2008). “Treatment Retention in the Drug Intervention Programme: Do primary Drug Offenders fare better than Primary Offenders?”Drugs: Education, prevention and Policy, 15(2) 201-208  Common Sense for Drug Policy (2000-2008) “Drug War Fact Sheet” retrieved from; Http://  Kirchwey, G. W (1999) Punishment versus Treatment of Offenders. The Swing of the Pendulum. National conference of Social Work  Kemp, K., Savitz, B et al(2004) Developing Employment Services for Criminal Justice Clients Enrolled in Drug User Treatment Programs . Substance Use and Misuse issue 39.  McKendrick, K., Sullivan, C, Banks, S., Sacks, S (2006) . Modified Therapuetic Community Treatment for Offenders with MICA Disorders: Antipersonality Disorder and Treatment Outcomes. Journal of Offender Rehabilitation. Issue 44 133-139.