Production Research
DirectorThe Director is the driving creative force in a films production, and actsas the crucial link between the producti...
Responsibilities         Directors may write the films script or commission it to be written; or      they may be hired af...
Cinematographer/ Director Of            Photographer    Cinematographer/ Director of photographer: DoPs must discover    t...
Professional Cinematographer     Editor: Script Editors provide a critical overview of the screenwriting     process, and ...
ResponsibilitiesScript Editors have a particular insight into the structure of screenplays, and the effectthat different t...
Production DesignerProduction Designers are major heads of department on film crews, and are responsiblefor the entire Art...
Professional Production Designer   Dennis Gassner (born 1948) is an art director. He is   notable for his work in Bugsy, R...
Sound Designer/ Sound Dept     Sound designer/ sound dept:     Sound Designers (previously known as Sound Effects Editors ...
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Production research

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Production research

  1. 1. Production Research
  2. 2. DirectorThe Director is the driving creative force in a films production, and actsas the crucial link between the production, technical and creativeteams. Directors are responsible for creatively translating the filmswritten script into actual images and sounds on the screen - he or shemust visualise and define the style and structure of the film, then actas both a storyteller and team leader to bring this vision to reality.Directors main duties include casting, script editing, shot composition,shot selection and editing. While the practical aspects of filmmaking,such as finance and marketing, are left to the Producer, Directors mustalso always be aware of the constraints of the films budget andschedule. In some cases, Directors assume multiple roles such asDirector/Producer or Director/Writer. Being a Director requires greatcreative vision, dedication and commitment. Directors areultimately responsible for a films artistic and commercial success orfailure.
  3. 3. Responsibilities    Directors may write the films script or commission it to be written; or they may be hired after an early draft of the script is complete. Directors must then develop a vision for the finished film, and define a practical route for achieving it. During pre-production, Directors make crucial decisions, such as selecting the right cast, crew and locations for the film. They then direct rehearsals, and the performances of the actors once the film is in production. Directors also manage the technical aspects of filming, including the camera, sound, lighting, design and special effects departments. http://www.creativeskillset.org/film/jobs/direction/article_3880_1.asp Professional Director: Pierre Morel (born 12 May 1964) is a French cinematographer and film director, best known for directing District 13, From Paris with Love and Taken. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pierre_Morel
  4. 4. Cinematographer/ Director Of Photographer    Cinematographer/ Director of photographer: DoPs must discover the photographic heart of a screenplay, using a variety of source material including stills photography, painting, other films, etc. They realise the desired look using lighting, framing, camera movement, etc. DoPs collaborate closely with the camera crew (Camera Operator, 1st and 2nd Assistant Camera, Camera Trainee and Grips). During filming, DoPs also work closely with the Gaffer (whose lighting team are key to helping create the required look of the film), the Production Designer, Costume Designer, and the Hair and Make Up Department.    Professional Cinematographer: Thomas Evans "Tom" Stern, ASC, AFC (Association of French Directors of Photography) (born December 16, 1946) is an American cinematographer best known for his work on films directed by Clint Eastwood. He has been Eastwoods primary cinematographer since Blood Work in 2002 and has worked as a gaffer since 1977. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tom_Stern_(cinematographer)
  5. 5. Professional Cinematographer     Editor: Script Editors provide a critical overview of the screenwriting process, and liaise between the Producer or Development Executive and the Screenwriter. Script Editors do not offer solutions, but instead use their analytical skills to help Screenwriters identify problems, explain the potential consequences of Screenwriters choices, and thereby help to strengthen and develop screenplays. Script Editors are sometimes full-time employees of a Production company, but more often they are employed on a freelance basis, and their fees and levels of involvement are negotiable.     Professional editor: Juliette Welfling is a French film editor. She was nominated for the Academy Award for Film Editing for her work in the 2007 movie The Diving Bell and the Butterfly. She has received the César Award for Best Editing for her work on this film as well as for four Jacques Audiard films: Regarde les hommes tomber (1994), The Beat That My Heart Skipped (2005), A Prophet (2009), and Rust and Bone (2012).
  6. 6. ResponsibilitiesScript Editors have a particular insight into the structure of screenplays, and the effectthat different types of narrative have on audiences. Script Editors must not only beable to form a clear, objective opinion about the premise, synopsis, treatment orscreenplay, but they must also be able to give detailed explanations of theirreasoning. Their opinions must be valid within the context of the entire filmmakingprocess, and they should be able to assist Screenwriters and Producers to realise thepotential of their screenplays. Script Editors must mediate between the Screenwriterscreative desires and impulses, and the commercial imperatives of the marketplace.Because of the varied nature of their work, Script Editors often have a keener insightinto the structure of screenplays than Screenwriters, and should help them to explorethe various possibilities open to them. Script Editors are also responsible for helpingScreenwriters to develop a route map for their story, and for reminding them of thismap when they write scenes that deviate from the narrative. To work effectively,Script Editors must agree a development schedule with Producers and Screenwriter.Script Editors assess and support relationships between Screenwriters andProducers, and must be present at all script development meetings to ensure that allparties share the same vision for the project, and to record any decisions made.Script Editors should negotiate their contracts before they start work, setting out feesand delivery deadlines for each stage of the process. The nature and remit of theeditorial role varies, depending on whether Script Editors are engaged on a freelancebasis, or if they are working in-house for a production company.
  7. 7. Production DesignerProduction Designers are major heads of department on film crews, and are responsiblefor the entire Art Department. They play a crucial role in helping Directors to achieve thefilms visual requirements, and in providing Producers with carefully calculated scheduleswhich offer viable ways of making films within agreed budgets and specified periods oftime.Production Designers may be asked to look at scripts before a Director is approached, toprovide estimates of the projected Art Department spend on films. When ProductionDesigners first read a screenplay, they assess the visual qualities that will help to createatmosphere and bring the story to life.After preparing a careful breakdown of the script, they meet with the Director to discusshow best to shoot the film.Production Designers deliver their design sketches (detailing mood, atmosphere, lighting,composition, colour and texture) to Art Directors who oversee the production of technicaldrawings and models, which are used by the Construction Department to build the setsand to adapt locations. Also when shooting starts, they are usually on set early eachmorning to view each new set up with the Director, Director of Photography and StandbyArt Director, responding to any requests or queries. Subsequently, in the Art Departmentoffice Production Designers check on the construction and dressing of other sets, andsign off on sets/locations for the following days shoot. Although Production Designersusually finish work on the last day of principal photography, on larger films they may beinvolved for longer periods.
  8. 8. Professional Production Designer   Dennis Gassner (born 1948) is an art director. He is notable for his work in Bugsy, Road to Perdition, and Quantum of Solace. He was the production designer for the 23rd James Bond film, Skyfall, which was released in 2012. He has been nominated four times for the Academy Award for Best Art Direction and has won once.
  9. 9. Sound Designer/ Sound Dept     Sound designer/ sound dept: Sound Designers (previously known as Sound Effects Editors or Special Effects (SFX) Editors) are responsible for providing any required sounds to accompany screen action. Most Sound Designers are experienced Supervising Sound Editors who carry out a managerial role, steering the work of the entire sound post production process, combined with the specialist role of creating the sound concept for films. As well as creating the sounds for giant explosions or car crashes, Sound design is also the art of creating subtle sounds that enrich the language and feeling of a film. Depending on the film’s budget, Sound Designers usually start work at the same time as the other Sound Editors; on a big effects film requiring a strong sound concept, this may be before shooting begins. Their time is spent enhancing or distorting these original recordings to create something new and interesting, using synthesizers, samplers and audio plug-ins, etc. This is a highly creative, experimental period for Sound Designers, who may create the roar of a dinosaur from a slowed down voice that is reversed, pitched up and has reverb added to it.      Professional sound designer: Frank Gaeta known for sound designing several movies, including Grown Ups, The Lake house, The kids are alright, Thirteen and so on.

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