Newton Free Library Legal Reference Class Legal Information Literacy Basics in Legal Research: Print and Electronic Resour...
Librarians: Limits & Disclaimers <ul><li>“ Legal reference does not include interpretation or advice.” </li></ul><ul><li>“...
Class Goals <ul><li>Understand the origins of law </li></ul><ul><li>Define sources: primary and secondary. </li></ul><ul><...
Class Exercises <ul><li>Find a pending bill and a new law </li></ul><ul><li>Find a law by popular name, by text  </li></ul...
Understand the Origins of the Law Governing Documents, Branches of Government
Defining Sources of Law: Primary and Secondary <ul><li>The Library of Congress Law Library offers  a Research Help Guide a...
What are Primary Sources? <ul><li>“Primary sources are statements of the law from a governmental entity such as a court, l...
What are Secondary Sources? <ul><li>“Secondary sources offer an analysis, commentary or a restatement of primary law.  Sec...
Find Legal Information Online <ul><li>Commonwealth of Massachusetts Trial Court Law Libraries </li></ul><ul><li>www.lawlib...
http://www.newtonfreelibrary.net First click on “Reference”
Massachusetts QuickFind! <ul><li>Find Internet Searching in left column. </li></ul><ul><li>Click below on Massachusetts Qu...
Law under Massachusetts QuickFind! <ul><li>Consumer Affairs </li></ul><ul><li>Courts </li></ul><ul><li>Forms </li></ul><ul...
Legal Links in  Newton Reference Topics <ul><li>Hover over Reference </li></ul><ul><li>Click on Databases & Websites </li>...
 
Newton Free Library CONSUMER Topic <ul><li>Massachusetts Attorney General: Consumer Protection  Consumer advisories, regul...
Newton Free Library GOVERNMENT Topic <ul><li>Mass.gov   The official web site of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts. Here y...
Newton Free Library  LAW Topic   <ul><li>Databases </li></ul><ul><ul><li>LexisNexis Congressional* </li></ul></ul><ul><ul>...
Massachusetts Trial Court Law Libraries www.library.state.ma.us
Massachusetts Trial Court Law Libraries Information Section <ul><li>Find information links by headings: </li></ul><ul><li>...
Laws by Subject:  Searching Choices <ul><li>Law About </li></ul><ul><li>Laws by Popular Name </li></ul><ul><li>Forms for a...
Massachusetts Law About
Laws by Popular Name:  Homestead Law <ul><li>Homestead Laws – See </li></ul><ul><li>Law about Homesteads </li></ul><ul><li...
Laws by Popular Name Lemon Laws <ul><li>General laws </li></ul><ul><li>Regulations  </li></ul><ul><li>Cases </li></ul>
Laws by Source <ul><li>General Laws </li></ul><ul><li>Search by Citation or Full Text </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Chapter 235, s...
Federal Legislation Pending Bills http://www.govtrack.us/congress/legislation.xpd <ul><li>Search Legislation </li></ul><ul...
Federal Legislation Using The Library of Congress  Thomas   http://thomas.loc.gov/
Massachusetts Legislation Pending Bills www.mass.gov/legis/legis.htm 	   <ul><li>The 186th General Court </li></ul><ul><li...
Laws by Source : Jurisdiction and Origin of Law <ul><li>Massachusetts </li></ul><ul><ul><li>General laws, cases, regulatio...
You Can Also <ul><li>Get a Library Card </li></ul><ul><li>Renew a Book </li></ul><ul><li>Search: a statute, case, legal de...
Search the Search Gateway <ul><li>A book or other material to borrow… </li></ul><ul><li>A Massachusetts case </li></ul><ul...
Search a Database  from Your Home or Office <ul><li>Click on Databases </li></ul><ul><li>Enter library card number </li></...
Find a Legal Definition <ul><li>Black’s Dictionary of Law, purchase 8 th  edition App Store iTunes for iPhone </li></ul><u...
Help with Legal Research <ul><li>Nolo.com’s Glossary and other topical books </li></ul><ul><li>Legal Research: How to Find...
Legal Podcasts and Podcasting Legal Guide <ul><li>Nolocast.com </li></ul><ul><li>Podcasts on topics in plain English. </li...
How to Read a Massachusetts Legal Citation <ul><li>Click on Library Locations & Services </li></ul><ul><li>Scroll down and...
Examples of Legal Citations
 
Find a Lawyer <ul><li>Trial Court site left frame: Find a Lawyer </li></ul><ul><ul><li>How to choose a lawyer </li></ul></...
Check for Disciplinary Action in Massachusetts
Online Legal Portals <ul><li>More sites: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>www.findlaw.com </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>www.firstgov.gov...
Finding Forms <ul><li>Click on Laws by Subject, then find subheading: Forms </li></ul><ul><li>Massachusetts and Federal Le...
Forms from Trial Court Site
City of Newton Forms
Consumer Complaint   Attorney General Massachusetts
Consumer Complaint with  Better Business Bureau
Complaint against a Physician
Complaint against a Lawyer
Find the  Governing Documents Constitutions, City & Town Charters <ul><li>Trial Court site: Click on Laws by Source </li><...
Laws by Source
Massachusetts Constitution
United States Constitution
City and Town Ordinances and Bylaws <ul><li>From the Trial Court site:  </li></ul><ul><li>Click on Massachusetts City and ...
City of Newton Charter
The Legislative Branch Massachusetts General Court <ul><li>Trial Court site: Laws by Source </li></ul><ul><li>Statutes or ...
Types of Print Updating Services <ul><li>Annual Pocket Parts </li></ul><ul><li>Semi-annual Cumulative Interim Updates, sup...
Newton’s  Massachusetts   Legislative   Print Sources <ul><ul><li>Acts & Resolves passed by the General Court, 1809-  (som...
Law by Source
Law by Subject
Sample Cites for Carbon Monoxide Detectors Law <ul><li>Popular Name: Nicole’s Law </li></ul><ul><li>Statutes or Sessions L...
Searching Statutes, Session Laws and Massachusetts General Laws
Tracking a Bill <ul><li>Trial Court site: </li></ul><ul><li>Click on Law by Subject </li></ul><ul><li>Click on General Leg...
Finding Laws <ul><li>Track a bill </li></ul><ul><li>Find a new law in the Acts and Resolves </li></ul><ul><li>Find a law b...
Regulations, Rulings The   Executive Branch <ul><li>Trial Court site: Laws by Source </li></ul><ul><li>Code of Massachuset...
Code of Massachusetts Regulations (CMR) <ul><li>Laws by Source </li></ul><ul><li>CMR Index </li></ul><ul><li>CMR by Citati...
Finding a CMR Cite Use the Index or Browse Numbers
Court case law originates from   The Judicial Branch <ul><li>Trial Court site: Laws by Source </li></ul><ul><li>Massachuse...
Finding Massachusetts Cases <ul><li>Supreme Judicial Court and Court of Appeals </li></ul><ul><li>Cases 2001-to date with ...
Newton’s  Print Massachusetts Cases <ul><li>Massachusetts Reports </li></ul><ul><li>Massachusetts Appeals </li></ul><ul><l...
Secondary Sources Treatises & Loose-leaf Services <ul><li>West’s Massachusetts Practice Series.  Complete series. (pocket ...
Massachusetts Court System <ul><li>Go to:  www.mass.gov/courts </li></ul><ul><li>For county, district or probate courts, c...
 
Find a Case <ul><li>Cases about a topic: Law About </li></ul><ul><li>Massachusetts Primary Law – Cases </li></ul><ul><ul><...
Find Your District Court in The Massachusetts Court System <ul><li>Courts: List of all individual Court Divisions </li></u...
Find Your District Court
Massachusetts Court System <ul><li>Newton Free Library site – Law topic: </li></ul><ul><li>Scroll down to Massachusetts Co...
Judicial Branch  <ul><li>Dockets, Cases, Opinions </li></ul><ul><li>Commonwealth of Massachusetts </li></ul><ul><ul><li>We...
Find Massachusetts Case Law  <ul><li>Trial Court site: </li></ul><ul><li>Go to Laws, Regulations and Cases box </li></ul><...
Massachusetts Legal Print Resources at The Newton Free Library <ul><ul><li>Manual for the Use of the General Court </li></...
News & Periodicals  <ul><li>FindLaw.com Legal News </li></ul><ul><li>Massachusetts Lawyer’s Weekly </li></ul><ul><li>Daily...
Self-Help Books & Study Series <ul><li>Individual popular legal topics  </li></ul><ul><li>New editions as laws change </li...
Newton Database Subscriptions <ul><li>LexisNexis Congressional * </li></ul><ul><li>LexisNexis Primary Sources in US Histor...
Sample:  Homestead Act <ul><li>M.G.L.A.: chapter 188 § 1 </li></ul><ul><li>From Massachusetts Trial Court Law Libraries </...
Find: Safe Driver Insurance Plan (SDIP) and Surcharge Appeal <ul><li>Trial site:  </li></ul><ul><li>Click on “Law by Subje...
 
City of Newton Legislative Branch <ul><li>Board of Aldermen </li></ul><ul><li>City of Newton Ordinances  </li></ul><ul><li...
City of Newton  Legal Materials  Books <ul><li>Charter & Revised Ordinances </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Official Source: City Cl...
Cases – Neighbors and Trees <ul><li>Trial Court site: </li></ul><ul><li>Law about  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Neighbors </li></...
Finding Newton’s Ordinances
Tree Preservation <ul><li>Online copy: Search bar </li></ul><ul><li>Tree Ordinance </li></ul><ul><li>Print copy: Code Inde...
Swimming Pools Fences and Lighting <ul><li>Search the print Code Index for Fences - Regulation </li></ul><ul><li>Chapter 2...
Board of Aldermen Meetings
Now You Can Begin: <ul><li>Find a legal definition; read a legal citation </li></ul><ul><li>Find a lawyer and a lawyer’s r...
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  1. 1. Newton Free Library Legal Reference Class Legal Information Literacy Basics in Legal Research: Print and Electronic Resources
  2. 2. Librarians: Limits & Disclaimers <ul><li>“ Legal reference does not include interpretation or advice.” </li></ul><ul><li>“ The patron must read, analyze and interpret the material…” </li></ul><ul><li>“ The librarian may direct you to cases, statutes, and sources, but that does not mean those are the only ones that might apply to your situation.” </li></ul><ul><li>This class is intended to be a first step for the layman, to begin to learn about legal resources available to the general public. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Class Goals <ul><li>Understand the origins of law </li></ul><ul><li>Define sources: primary and secondary. </li></ul><ul><li>Concentrate on Massachusetts and local law. </li></ul><ul><li>Review selected print resources. </li></ul><ul><li>Find legal information online. </li></ul><ul><li>Learn about Newton Free Library resources. </li></ul><ul><li>Read a legal citation. </li></ul><ul><li>Answer the class exercises. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Class Exercises <ul><li>Find a pending bill and a new law </li></ul><ul><li>Find a law by popular name, by text </li></ul><ul><li>Find a regulation </li></ul><ul><li>Find a case </li></ul><ul><li>Find a legal form </li></ul><ul><li>Find a lawyer; find the lawyer’s rating </li></ul><ul><li>Find a Newton ordinance </li></ul>
  5. 5. Understand the Origins of the Law Governing Documents, Branches of Government
  6. 6. Defining Sources of Law: Primary and Secondary <ul><li>The Library of Congress Law Library offers a Research Help Guide at http://www.loc.gov/law/help/ </li></ul><ul><li>“The materials used for legal research are </li></ul><ul><li>generally divided into two broad categories: </li></ul><ul><li>primary sources and secondary sources. ” --Library of Congress Law Library </li></ul>
  7. 7. What are Primary Sources? <ul><li>“Primary sources are statements of the law from a governmental entity such as a court, legislature, executive agency, president, or governor.” –Library of Congress Law Library </li></ul>
  8. 8. What are Secondary Sources? <ul><li>“Secondary sources offer an analysis, commentary or a restatement of primary law.  Secondary sources are used to help locate and explain primary sources of law.  These sources may influence a legal decision but they do not have the controlling or binding authority like the primary sources of law.” –Library of Congress Law Library. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Find Legal Information Online <ul><li>Commonwealth of Massachusetts Trial Court Law Libraries </li></ul><ul><li>www.lawlib.state.ma.us </li></ul><ul><li>Massachusetts QuickFind! </li></ul><ul><li>www.mln.lib.ma.us/quickfind/index.htm </li></ul><ul><li>Newton Free Library </li></ul><ul><li>www.newtonfreelibrary.net </li></ul><ul><li>City of Newton </li></ul><ul><li>www.ci.newton.ma.us </li></ul>
  10. 10. http://www.newtonfreelibrary.net First click on “Reference”
  11. 11. Massachusetts QuickFind! <ul><li>Find Internet Searching in left column. </li></ul><ul><li>Click below on Massachusetts QuickFind! </li></ul><ul><li>Scroll topics for Law </li></ul>
  12. 12. Law under Massachusetts QuickFind! <ul><li>Consumer Affairs </li></ul><ul><li>Courts </li></ul><ul><li>Forms </li></ul><ul><li>General Laws </li></ul><ul><li>Bill Tracking </li></ul><ul><li>Regulations </li></ul><ul><li>Public Law Libraries </li></ul><ul><li>Legal Services </li></ul>
  13. 13. Legal Links in Newton Reference Topics <ul><li>Hover over Reference </li></ul><ul><li>Click on Databases & Websites </li></ul><ul><li>Scroll through topics, examples: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Consumer </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Government </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Law </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Primary Sources </li></ul></ul>
  14. 15. Newton Free Library CONSUMER Topic <ul><li>Massachusetts Attorney General: Consumer Protection Consumer advisories, regulations, consumer tips & questions, how to file a consumer complaint, and other consumer information organized by topic. </li></ul><ul><li>Massachusetts Office of Consumer Affairs and Regulation Over 20 consumer-related topics from autos to a 30-day demand letter; pamphlets, resources by the Office of Consumer Affairs, federal resources, and other pertinent information. </li></ul>
  15. 16. Newton Free Library GOVERNMENT Topic <ul><li>Mass.gov The official web site of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts. Here you will find links to all state agencies, local government links for cities and towns, online services, news & updates, and a wide variety of Massachusetts information on everything from tourism to current Mass. lottery numbers. Free website. </li></ul><ul><li>Massachusetts Attorney General Home Page Topics covered include children, civil rights, consumer, elder, employee, health care, insurance and victims rights. Many publications are also available in foreign language translations . </li></ul>
  16. 17. Newton Free Library LAW Topic <ul><li>Databases </li></ul><ul><ul><li>LexisNexis Congressional* </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Loislaw (in the library only) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Key Website Access </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Massachusetts Trial Court Law Libraries </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Newton City Ordinances and Charter </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>*Home access available to Newton residents only with a Minuteman library card number beginning 21323 </li></ul></ul>
  17. 18. Massachusetts Trial Court Law Libraries www.library.state.ma.us
  18. 19. Massachusetts Trial Court Law Libraries Information Section <ul><li>Find information links by headings: </li></ul><ul><li>Laws by Subject </li></ul><ul><li>Laws by Source </li></ul><ul><li>Databases </li></ul><ul><li>Library Locations & Services </li></ul><ul><li>Library Catalog </li></ul><ul><li>Mass. Law Blog </li></ul>
  19. 20. Laws by Subject: Searching Choices <ul><li>Law About </li></ul><ul><li>Laws by Popular Name </li></ul><ul><li>Forms for a Legal Topic </li></ul>
  20. 21. Massachusetts Law About
  21. 22. Laws by Popular Name: Homestead Law <ul><li>Homestead Laws – See </li></ul><ul><li>Law about Homesteads </li></ul><ul><li>Homesteads MGL c.188 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>s.1 Traditional homestead law </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>s.1A Elderly and disabled </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>s.2 Manufactured homes </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Homestead & Bankruptcy MGL c.235, s.34 (cl.14) </li></ul><ul><li>Homestead Forms </li></ul><ul><li>Selected Case Law </li></ul><ul><li>Nolo.com online books (requires library card) </li></ul>
  22. 23. Laws by Popular Name Lemon Laws <ul><li>General laws </li></ul><ul><li>Regulations </li></ul><ul><li>Cases </li></ul>
  23. 24. Laws by Source <ul><li>General Laws </li></ul><ul><li>Search by Citation or Full Text </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Chapter 235, s.34 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Homestead exempt from seizure </li></ul></ul>
  24. 25. Federal Legislation Pending Bills http://www.govtrack.us/congress/legislation.xpd <ul><li>Search Legislation </li></ul><ul><li>Browse Legislation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Bill number </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Resolution number </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sponsor or Co-sponsor </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Status </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Public Law Number </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Subject </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Committee </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Blogs for Popular Bills </li></ul></ul>
  25. 26. Federal Legislation Using The Library of Congress Thomas http://thomas.loc.gov/
  26. 27. Massachusetts Legislation Pending Bills www.mass.gov/legis/legis.htm <ul><li>The 186th General Court </li></ul><ul><li>Search House Bill text for 2009-2010 </li></ul><ul><li>Search Senate Bill text for 2009-2010 </li></ul><ul><li>Scroll down for House & Senate dockets and all filed bills </li></ul>
  27. 28. Laws by Source : Jurisdiction and Origin of Law <ul><li>Massachusetts </li></ul><ul><ul><li>General laws, cases, regulations, court rules, executive orders, local ordinances, historical documents </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Federal </li></ul><ul><li>Other States </li></ul><ul><li>Foreign & International </li></ul>
  28. 29. You Can Also <ul><li>Get a Library Card </li></ul><ul><li>Renew a Book </li></ul><ul><li>Search: a statute, case, legal definition; a database </li></ul><ul><li>Ask a Librarian </li></ul><ul><li>Get a Document </li></ul><ul><li>Find a Lawyer: by name, by specialty, or legal aid </li></ul>
  29. 30. Search the Search Gateway <ul><li>A book or other material to borrow… </li></ul><ul><li>A Massachusetts case </li></ul><ul><li>A Massachusetts statute </li></ul><ul><li>A lawyer </li></ul><ul><li>A legal definition </li></ul><ul><li>Or search the site </li></ul>
  30. 31. Search a Database from Your Home or Office <ul><li>Click on Databases </li></ul><ul><li>Enter library card number </li></ul><ul><li>HeinOnline: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Articles from 1200 journals; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>US Statutes at Large 1789-date; US Supreme Court Opinions, 1754-date </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Nolo Law Books: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Self-help topics </li></ul></ul><ul><li>RetrieveLaw: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Massachusetts and Federal primary law </li></ul></ul>
  31. 32. Find a Legal Definition <ul><li>Black’s Dictionary of Law, purchase 8 th edition App Store iTunes for iPhone </li></ul><ul><li>(New in Print 9 th edition, 2009) </li></ul><ul><li>Law.com Dictionary </li></ul><ul><li>Nolo.com Glossary </li></ul>
  32. 33. Help with Legal Research <ul><li>Nolo.com’s Glossary and other topical books </li></ul><ul><li>Legal Research: How to Find and Understand the Law. 14 th edition. </li></ul><ul><li>Ask A Librarian </li></ul><ul><li>Regional Reference </li></ul><ul><li>Document Delivery </li></ul>
  33. 34. Legal Podcasts and Podcasting Legal Guide <ul><li>Nolocast.com </li></ul><ul><li>Podcasts on topics in plain English. </li></ul><ul><li>Justia.com </li></ul><ul><li>Oyez.org </li></ul><ul><li>US Supreme Court oral arguments. </li></ul>
  34. 35. How to Read a Massachusetts Legal Citation <ul><li>Click on Library Locations & Services </li></ul><ul><li>Scroll down and click on Reference. </li></ul><ul><li>Click on “How to Read a Massachusetts Legal Citation” </li></ul>
  35. 36. Examples of Legal Citations
  36. 38. Find a Lawyer <ul><li>Trial Court site left frame: Find a Lawyer </li></ul><ul><ul><li>How to choose a lawyer </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Find a lawyer by name or city in Massachusetts </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Find free or low-cost legal assistance </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Find a lawyer by specialty </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Find a lawyer outside of Massachusetts </li></ul></ul>
  37. 39. Check for Disciplinary Action in Massachusetts
  38. 40. Online Legal Portals <ul><li>More sites: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>www.findlaw.com </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>www.firstgov.gov </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>www.ilrg.com </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>www.justia.com </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>www.law.com </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>www.lexisone.com </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>www.law.cornell.edu </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>www.mass.gov </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>www.plol.org </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Massachusetts Trial Court Law Libraries </li></ul><ul><li>www/lawlib.state.ma.us </li></ul><ul><li>Tip: </li></ul><ul><li>When clicking on a legal topic under Law About at related web links for more information are part of the coverage. </li></ul>
  39. 41. Finding Forms <ul><li>Click on Laws by Subject, then find subheading: Forms </li></ul><ul><li>Massachusetts and Federal Legal Forms will list forms under your topic. </li></ul><ul><li>Law About topics also offer related forms. </li></ul><ul><li>License forms may be found under regulatory Boards and local government. </li></ul><ul><li>Complaint forms could be state, federal, local or organization. </li></ul>
  40. 42. Forms from Trial Court Site
  41. 43. City of Newton Forms
  42. 44. Consumer Complaint Attorney General Massachusetts
  43. 45. Consumer Complaint with Better Business Bureau
  44. 46. Complaint against a Physician
  45. 47. Complaint against a Lawyer
  46. 48. Find the Governing Documents Constitutions, City & Town Charters <ul><li>Trial Court site: Click on Laws by Source </li></ul><ul><li>United States Constitution </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Click on Federal Primary Law, then follow link to U.S. Constitution. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Commonwealth of Massachusetts Constitution </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Click on Massachusetts Primary Law, then follow link to State Constitution. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>City of Newton Charter </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Click on Massachusetts City and Town Bylaws. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>From Newton Free Library Reference go to Law topic, scroll down to Newton City Ordinances and Charter. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>From City of Newton site go to Resources link or Aldermen tab to Ordinances. </li></ul></ul>
  47. 49. Laws by Source
  48. 50. Massachusetts Constitution
  49. 51. United States Constitution
  50. 52. City and Town Ordinances and Bylaws <ul><li>From the Trial Court site: </li></ul><ul><li>Click on Massachusetts City and Town Bylaws </li></ul><ul><li>Select your city or town. </li></ul><ul><li>From the Newton Free Library site: </li></ul><ul><li>Click on Reference, then link to the City of Newton site, then click on Resources; for hearings, dockets, reports and actions: link to Aldermen, then click on Board Meetings by year. </li></ul>
  51. 53. City of Newton Charter
  52. 54. The Legislative Branch Massachusetts General Court <ul><li>Trial Court site: Laws by Source </li></ul><ul><li>Statutes or Session Laws </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Acts and Resolves: new chapter numbers each year, as passed, sequentially </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Code: General laws are codified into subject areas. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>288 chapters, updated by amendments </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Sources are primary (authoritative) or secondary </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Massachusetts General Laws (M.G.L.); authoritative edition from the state </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Legal publishers’ annotated editions: West & Lexis </li></ul></ul>
  53. 55. Types of Print Updating Services <ul><li>Annual Pocket Parts </li></ul><ul><li>Semi-annual Cumulative Interim Updates, supplementing pocket parts </li></ul><ul><li>Periodic Legislative Service pamphlets </li></ul><ul><li>Bi-monthly Massachusetts Register </li></ul><ul><li>Daily Slip opinions </li></ul><ul><li>Periodic Loose-leaf services </li></ul>
  54. 56. Newton’s Massachusetts Legislative Print Sources <ul><ul><li>Acts & Resolves passed by the General Court, 1809- (some volumes missing) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>West’s Massachusetts General Laws Annotated (MGLA) </li></ul></ul>
  55. 57. Law by Source
  56. 58. Law by Subject
  57. 59. Sample Cites for Carbon Monoxide Detectors Law <ul><li>Popular Name: Nicole’s Law </li></ul><ul><li>Statutes or Sessions Laws </li></ul><ul><ul><li>St.2005, c.123 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Massachusetts General Laws Codified </li></ul><ul><ul><li>MGL c.148, s. 26F 1/2 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Massachusetts Regulations 527 CMR 31 </li></ul>
  58. 60. Searching Statutes, Session Laws and Massachusetts General Laws
  59. 61. Tracking a Bill <ul><li>Trial Court site: </li></ul><ul><li>Click on Law by Subject </li></ul><ul><li>Click on General Legal </li></ul><ul><li>Click on Massachusetts Legislative Tracking System </li></ul>
  60. 62. Finding Laws <ul><li>Track a bill </li></ul><ul><li>Find a new law in the Acts and Resolves </li></ul><ul><li>Find a law by Citation </li></ul><ul><li>Find a law by Popular Name </li></ul><ul><li>Search the full text of the General Laws </li></ul><ul><li>Trace the legislative history of a law </li></ul>
  61. 63. Regulations, Rulings The Executive Branch <ul><li>Trial Court site: Laws by Source </li></ul><ul><li>Code of Massachusetts Regulations (CMR) </li></ul><ul><li>CMR Index </li></ul><ul><li>900 titles </li></ul><ul><li>Massachusetts Register updates the CMR </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Massachusetts Executive Orders (Governor’s) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Attorney-General Opinions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>New and emergency regulations </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Agencies, Boards, Commissions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ex., Medicine, Board of Registration in 243 CMR </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Agency and Commission Rulings & Decisions </li></ul></ul>
  62. 64. Code of Massachusetts Regulations (CMR) <ul><li>Laws by Source </li></ul><ul><li>CMR Index </li></ul><ul><li>CMR by Citation </li></ul><ul><li>FAQs </li></ul>
  63. 65. Finding a CMR Cite Use the Index or Browse Numbers
  64. 66. Court case law originates from The Judicial Branch <ul><li>Trial Court site: Laws by Source </li></ul><ul><li>Massachusetts Law </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Supreme Judicial Court (SJC) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Massachusetts Appeals </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Superior Court </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Land Court </li></ul></ul>
  65. 67. Finding Massachusetts Cases <ul><li>Supreme Judicial Court and Court of Appeals </li></ul><ul><li>Cases 2001-to date with slip opinions </li></ul><ul><li>Cases 1915-to date </li></ul><ul><li>Cases 1804-1921: Early Massachusetts Reports </li></ul>
  66. 68. Newton’s Print Massachusetts Cases <ul><li>Massachusetts Reports </li></ul><ul><li>Massachusetts Appeals </li></ul><ul><li>West’s Massachusetts Decisions </li></ul><ul><li>West’s Massachusetts Digest </li></ul><ul><li>West’s Massachusetts Law Finder </li></ul>
  67. 69. Secondary Sources Treatises & Loose-leaf Services <ul><li>West’s Massachusetts Practice Series. Complete series. (pocket parts) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Legal topics and forms. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Labor and Employment in Massachusetts: A Guide to Employment Laws, Regulations and Practices / Jeffrey L. Hirsch. (loose-leaf) </li></ul><ul><li>Legal Planning for the Elderly in Massachusetts / William J. Brisk. (loose-leaf) </li></ul>
  68. 70. Massachusetts Court System <ul><li>Go to: www.mass.gov/courts </li></ul><ul><li>For county, district or probate courts, click on: List of All Divisions and Departments </li></ul><ul><li>For Supreme Judicial Court or Appeals, click on links provided. </li></ul>
  69. 72. Find a Case <ul><li>Cases about a topic: Law About </li></ul><ul><li>Massachusetts Primary Law – Cases </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Cases by date </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cases from Supreme Judicial Court </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cases from Massachusetts Court of Appeals </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Board, Agency or Commission decisions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Superior Court </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Land Court </li></ul></ul>
  70. 73. Find Your District Court in The Massachusetts Court System <ul><li>Courts: List of all individual Court Divisions </li></ul><ul><li>Click on Judge’s Lobby to find the name of your court’s judge. </li></ul><ul><li>Click on General Information for forms specific to your court. </li></ul><ul><li>Example </li></ul><ul><li>Newton District Court </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Location: 1309 Washington Street, West Newton, MA </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Map </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Judge: Hon. Dyanne J. Klein </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>No specific forms for this court </li></ul></ul>
  71. 74. Find Your District Court
  72. 75. Massachusetts Court System <ul><li>Newton Free Library site – Law topic: </li></ul><ul><li>Scroll down to Massachusetts Court System </li></ul><ul><li>Court forms </li></ul><ul><li>Juror information </li></ul><ul><li>Self-help center </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Representing yourself in court </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Probate and Family Court self-help </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>District court locations and information </li></ul></ul>
  73. 76. Judicial Branch <ul><li>Dockets, Cases, Opinions </li></ul><ul><li>Commonwealth of Massachusetts </li></ul><ul><ul><li>West’s Massachusetts Decisions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>West’s Massachusetts Digest </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Court system of the Commonwealth </li></ul></ul>
  74. 77. Find Massachusetts Case Law <ul><li>Trial Court site: </li></ul><ul><li>Go to Laws, Regulations and Cases box </li></ul><ul><li>Click on Cases </li></ul><ul><li>Scroll down to find searching choices: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Supreme Judicial Court homepage for opinions from both SJC and Appeals Court. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Search Massachusetts cases by citation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Superior Court: click on current year, selected cases </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Land Court: Mass. Land Court Reporter, current year </li></ul></ul>
  75. 78. Massachusetts Legal Print Resources at The Newton Free Library <ul><ul><li>Manual for the Use of the General Court </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Massachusetts Lawyers Diary & Manual </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The Legal Pages (Massachusetts Edition) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Massachusetts Lawyers’ Weekly </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Acts & Resolves passed by the General Court, 1809- (some volumes missing) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Massachusetts Legislative Service: updating Acts & Resolves through 2008 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Massachusetts General Laws Annotated (MGLA) (West) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Massachusetts Law Finder (West) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Code of Massachusetts Regulations (CMR) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Massachusetts Register: CMR bi-weekly updates </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Massachusetts Digest: pocket part updates through 2008 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Massachusetts Reports, 1858- </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Massachusetts Appeals Court Reports, 1972-1997 & 2001-2002 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Massachusetts Decisions, v. 1 (1936) - v.891 (2008) (some volumes missing) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Massachusetts Practice Series: complete set </li></ul></ul>
  76. 79. News & Periodicals <ul><li>FindLaw.com Legal News </li></ul><ul><li>Massachusetts Lawyer’s Weekly </li></ul><ul><li>Daily State House News Service </li></ul><ul><li>InfoTrac </li></ul><ul><li>Internet Legal Resource Guide: Law Journals </li></ul><ul><li>HeinOnline with a Trial Court Law Library library card </li></ul>
  77. 80. Self-Help Books & Study Series <ul><li>Individual popular legal topics </li></ul><ul><li>New editions as laws change </li></ul><ul><li>State contact information referenced </li></ul><ul><li>Publishers & Series </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Nolo and Nolo Online </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sphinx </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>West’s “In a Nutshell” Series </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Oceana’s “Law for the Layperson” Series </li></ul></ul>
  78. 81. Newton Database Subscriptions <ul><li>LexisNexis Congressional * </li></ul><ul><li>LexisNexis Primary Sources in US History * </li></ul><ul><li>Loislaw ** </li></ul><ul><li>* Home Access for Newton residents with Newton-coded Minuteman Library Network card </li></ul><ul><li>** Use in Newton Free Library building only </li></ul>
  79. 82. Sample: Homestead Act <ul><li>M.G.L.A.: chapter 188 § 1 </li></ul><ul><li>From Massachusetts Trial Court Law Libraries </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“Law About” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“Laws by Popular Name” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Homestead link </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>General Court link </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Enter 188 under chapter </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>For 2004 update enter “188 amended” </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  80. 83. Find: Safe Driver Insurance Plan (SDIP) and Surcharge Appeal <ul><li>Trial site: </li></ul><ul><li>Click on “Law by Subject” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Automobile Insurance </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>211 CMR 134.01 – 134.20 SDIP </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>211 CMR 88 SDIP Surcharge Appeal </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Click on “Law by Popular Name” </li></ul><ul><li>Under “S” : “Safe Driver Insurance Plan” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Has link back to Surcharge Appeal under Automobile Insurance. </li></ul></ul>
  81. 85. City of Newton Legislative Branch <ul><li>Board of Aldermen </li></ul><ul><li>City of Newton Ordinances </li></ul><ul><li>www.ci.newton.ma.us </li></ul><ul><li>30 chapters ; updated by amendments </li></ul><ul><li>Code comparative table </li></ul><ul><li>Check Orders/Actions online </li></ul>
  82. 86. City of Newton Legal Materials Books <ul><li>Charter & Revised Ordinances </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Official Source: City Clerk’s Office </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Annotated by hand by the City Clerk </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Alternate Source: City of Newton web site </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Ordinances </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Board Meetings: click on year for dockets, hearings, actions, audio of meetings </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Courtesy Source: Newton Free Library </li></ul></ul>
  83. 87. Cases – Neighbors and Trees <ul><li>Trial Court site: </li></ul><ul><li>Law about </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Neighbors </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Cases </li></ul><ul><li>Articles from Nolo.com </li></ul><ul><li>Nolo’s Neighbor Law: Fences, Trees, Boundaries, & Noise electronic book available with your Massachusetts Trial Court Law Library card. Apply in person at any of the 17 libraries. </li></ul>
  84. 88. Finding Newton’s Ordinances
  85. 89. Tree Preservation <ul><li>Online copy: Search bar </li></ul><ul><li>Tree Ordinance </li></ul><ul><li>Print copy: Code Index </li></ul><ul><li>Trees and Shrubs </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Permits required for removal 20-32—20-34 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pruning 20-34 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Removal of trees, penalties 20-38 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tree Preservation 20-31 </li></ul></ul>
  86. 90. Swimming Pools Fences and Lighting <ul><li>Search the print Code Index for Fences - Regulation </li></ul><ul><li>Chapter 20 section 40 </li></ul><ul><li>Find different styles of fences and requirements </li></ul><ul><li>Find out about perimeter fences </li></ul><ul><li>Find out about fences and swimming pools. </li></ul>
  87. 91. Board of Aldermen Meetings
  88. 92. Now You Can Begin: <ul><li>Find a legal definition; read a legal citation </li></ul><ul><li>Find a lawyer and a lawyer’s rating </li></ul><ul><li>Find a court, a justice, an opinion </li></ul><ul><li>Find a legal form, file a complaint </li></ul><ul><li>Find a Massachusetts law, order, & case </li></ul><ul><li>Know which print or online sources to use </li></ul><ul><li>Find a Newton ordinance & form </li></ul><ul><li>Find a law library for more resources </li></ul>

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