“ A Complete Discussion of Legal Forms of Ownership” Entrepreneurship Unit 3.2A Creating the Business Plan
Forms of Legal Ownership <ul><li>Sole Proprietorship </li></ul><ul><li>Partnership </li></ul><ul><li>Corporation </li></ul...
Sole Proprietorship <ul><li>Owned and operated by one person </li></ul><ul><li>Easy to create </li></ul><ul><li>Receives a...
Sole Proprietorship <ul><li>Advantages: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Easy and inexpensive to create </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ow...
Sole Proprietorship <ul><li>Disadvantages: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Unlimited liability </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Full respo...
Partnership <ul><li>A business with two or more owners </li></ul><ul><li>Partners do not have to share a business equally ...
Partnership <ul><li>Advantages </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Inexpensive and easy to create </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Share ideas...
Partnership <ul><li>Disadvantages </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Difficulty in dissolving partnership </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pe...
Corporation <ul><li>Registered by the state and operates apart from its owners </li></ul><ul><li>A corporation lives-on af...
Corporation <ul><li>Advantages </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Corporations are separate legal entities from the owners </li></ul></...
Corporation <ul><li>Disadvantages </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Expensive to start and requires a lot of legal paperwork. Must hir...
2 Types of Corporations <ul><li>C-Corporation </li></ul><ul><li>Subchapter S Corporation </li></ul>
C-Corporation <ul><li>The most common corporate form for large businesses (i.e., Federal Express, Microsoft) </li></ul><ul...
Subchapter S Corporation <ul><li>Designed for owners of smaller companies who want the liability protection of a corporati...
Other Forms of Ownership <ul><li>Limited Liability Company </li></ul><ul><li>Nonprofit Corporations </li></ul><ul><ul><li>...
Source:   Allen, Kathleen R., & Meyer, Earl (2006).  “Entrepreneurship and Small Business Management.”  New York: Glencoe,...
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  1. 1. “ A Complete Discussion of Legal Forms of Ownership” Entrepreneurship Unit 3.2A Creating the Business Plan
  2. 2. Forms of Legal Ownership <ul><li>Sole Proprietorship </li></ul><ul><li>Partnership </li></ul><ul><li>Corporation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Subchapter S Corporation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>C-Corporation </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Other legal form of Ownership </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Limited Liability Company </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Sole Proprietorship <ul><li>Owned and operated by one person </li></ul><ul><li>Easy to create </li></ul><ul><li>Receives all profits, incurs any losses, and is liable for the debts of business </li></ul><ul><li>Most entrepreneurs often switch to another form that provides more personal financial protection as the business grows </li></ul>
  4. 4. Sole Proprietorship <ul><li>Advantages: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Easy and inexpensive to create </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Owner receives all profits </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Least regulated form of ownership </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Business pays no taxes. Owner pays personal income taxes which is a lower rate than the corporate tax rate. </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Sole Proprietorship <ul><li>Disadvantages: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Unlimited liability </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Full responsibility for all debts </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Owners personal assets are at risk (i.e., home, car, etc.) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>May have insufficient skills </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Upon death, the business dissolves </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Partnership <ul><li>A business with two or more owners </li></ul><ul><li>Partners do not have to share a business equally </li></ul><ul><li>How the partnership interests are divided are spelled out in the Partnership Agreement. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Partnership <ul><li>Advantages </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Inexpensive and easy to create </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Share ideas, abilities, and financial obligations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Owners pay taxes as personal income which is taxed at lower rate. </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Partnership <ul><li>Disadvantages </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Difficulty in dissolving partnership </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Personality conflicts </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Partners held liable for each other’s actions </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Corporation <ul><li>Registered by the state and operates apart from its owners </li></ul><ul><li>A corporation lives-on after the owners die or have sold interest </li></ul><ul><li>Ownership is represented by shares of stock , public or private </li></ul>
  10. 10. Corporation <ul><li>Advantages </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Corporations are separate legal entities from the owners </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Perpetual Existence: The corporation is not dissolved upon death of owners </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Shareholder’s liability is limited to amount invested </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>However, officers may be personally liable; i.e. Enron’s late Kenneth Lay </li></ul></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Corporation <ul><li>Disadvantages </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Expensive to start and requires a lot of legal paperwork. Must hire attorneys. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Corporation owners are seemingly double-taxed </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The business’ profits are taxed at a higher corporate rate </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The owner’s income from the business (or shareholder’s dividends) is also taxed as personal income </li></ul></ul></ul>
  12. 12. 2 Types of Corporations <ul><li>C-Corporation </li></ul><ul><li>Subchapter S Corporation </li></ul>
  13. 13. C-Corporation <ul><li>The most common corporate form for large businesses (i.e., Federal Express, Microsoft) </li></ul><ul><li>Can create status that may assist in getting loans </li></ul><ul><li>Shareholders are owners of the corporation </li></ul><ul><li>Required to have an elected Board of Directors to make decisions for the company </li></ul><ul><li>Structured to accommodate employee benefits; i.e., pensions, retirement plans, and profit sharing </li></ul>
  14. 14. Subchapter S Corporation <ul><li>Designed for owners of smaller companies who want the liability protection of a corporation, but want to avoid double taxation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Pass-through Taxation: Profits are taxed once at shareholder’s personal tax rate </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Shareholders liable to amount invested </li></ul></ul><ul><li>In smaller private corporations, the founders generally hold all – or a majority – of the stock. </li></ul>
  15. 15. Other Forms of Ownership <ul><li>Limited Liability Company </li></ul><ul><li>Nonprofit Corporations </li></ul><ul><ul><li>IMPORTANT: Before you start your company… Check with your state, accountants, or attorneys to determine which form of legal ownership most benefits your needs, company size, financial status, and issues of liability. </li></ul></ul>
  16. 16. Source: Allen, Kathleen R., & Meyer, Earl (2006). “Entrepreneurship and Small Business Management.” New York: Glencoe, p. 143

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