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  1. 1. The Top Frauds & Scams 2004
  2. 2. The Top Frauds & Scams <ul><li>What are some of the different scams </li></ul><ul><li>How to avoid them </li></ul><ul><li>What to do if you might be a victim </li></ul>
  3. 3. Internet Auctions <ul><li>The Scam: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Goods not as promised </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Goods never arrive </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Avoid It: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Check out the seller </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Know terms of sale </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pay with credit card </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pay through escrow service </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Phishing <ul><li>The Scam: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>E-mails </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Update/validate information </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Look-alike website </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Avoid It: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Don’t follow that link! </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Don’t give out your information </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Remember : legitimate companies won’t e-mail to ask for your personal information </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Foreign Money Offers <ul><li>The Scam: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Letter / e-mail / fax </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Make money with no effort </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Need your bank account #...and always a fee </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Avoid It: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>NEVER REAL </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ignore – delete – destroy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Can forward to spam watchdogs </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Sweepstakes <ul><li>The Scam: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>You’ve won!!! </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>… you need to pay a small fee… </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A purchase increases your chances of winning </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Avoid It: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Don’t play </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>If you do, be careful </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Buying does NOT help you win </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Never send fee for a “free” prize </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Charity Fraud <ul><li>The Scam: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A real charity? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fundraisers for hire? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Avoid It: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ask questions, and take your time </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Get information in writing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Don’t give credit card or bank account information </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Foreign Lottery <ul><li>The Scam: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>You may have won! </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>… we need your bank account # </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>… or money to pay “fees”… </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Avoid It: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>It’s illegal – avoid it! </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Never pay for a “free” prize </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Don’t get on the sucker list </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Work-at-Home Scams <ul><li>The Scam: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Easy money! </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lots of promises </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lots of upfront (hidden) costs </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Avoid It: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Check on the company </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Get it in writing! </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>If it seems too good to be true… </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. What if you’re a victim of a scam? <ul><li>Whenever you suspect fraud, notify: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>State Attorney General </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Federal Trade Commission </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>1-877-FTC-HELP </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>You may need a lawyer </li></ul><ul><ul><li>AARP members: Legal Services Network </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>If over 60, check on free legal services from legal aid </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. The Top Frauds & Scams <ul><li>What are some of the different scams? </li></ul><ul><li>How to avoid them </li></ul><ul><li>What to do if you might be a victim </li></ul>
  12. 12. The Top Frauds & Scams June, 2004

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