Librarian or Lawyer?

529 views

Published on

0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
529
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
1
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
5
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide
  • After spending 5 minutes asking audience where they are coming from and one thing they hope to get from presentation, Cathy will go through slides 1-7 finishing at 10:54
  • Cathy will go through slides 1-7 finishing at 10:54
  • Cathy will go through slides 1-7 finishing at 10:54
  • Cathy will go through slides 1-7 finishing at 10:54 Libaries are the perfect vehicle for helping people get legal help. This is what we do already.
  • Cathy will go through slides 1-7 finishing at 10:54 How can we do what we do better? Sharing information and training with other librarians and the public is now being recognized by the legal system an it is called the Access to Justice Movement. More about this at the end of the presentation.
  • Cathy will go through slides 1-7 finishing at 10:54
  • Cathy will go through slides 1-7 finishing at 10:54
  • Suzanne slides 8-14 10:54-10:58
  • Suzanne slides 8-14 10:54-10:58
  • Suzanne slides 8-14 10:54-10:58
  • Suzanne slides 8-14 10:54-10:58
  • Suzanne slides 8-14 10:54-10:58
  • Suzanne slides 8-14 10:54-10:58
  • Suzanne slides 8-14 10:54-10:58
  • Jennifer Slides 15,16 10:58-11:00
  • Jennifer Slides 15,16 10:58-11:00
  • Caroline Slide 17 11:00-11:01
  • Cathy Slides 18-22 11:01-11:03
  • Cathy Slides 18-22 11:01-11:03
  • Cathy Slides 18-22 11:01-11:03
  • Cathy Slides 18-22 11:01-11:03
  • Cathy Slides 18-22 11:01-11:03
  • Jennifer Slide 23 And don’t forget print materials too! 11:03 - 11:05
  • Suzanne Slide 24 11:05-11:06
  • Caroline Slide 25 11:06-11:07
  • Suzanne Slide 26 11:07-11:08
  • Marnie Slide 27 11:08-11:10 Historically registrars set up their own websites and posted forms, however the courts are committed to keeping their websites updated with forms now and working even on improving the forms that exist. To be sure you have the most up to date and useful forms for the legal matter you need check the Trial Court Law Libraries website. Furthermore there are many websites online that will not hesitate to charge people for forms they can get easily online. If the website is not linked to from the Trial Court Law Libraries website – beware. Historically registrars had their own websites, courts did not always update their website. Times are changing – A2J go to Trial Court law libs. To find will send you to proper court website. Be wary if you don’t find the website on TCLL don’t use the site – too many out for profit websites online that can’t be trusted. for campaigns use forms on mass.gov/courts websitYou can find forms other places
  • Cathy moderates here 11:10-11:25
  • Marnie Slide 29 11:25-11:26
  • Caroline slide 30 11:26-11:29
  • Caroline Slide 31 11:29-11:30
  • Jennifer and Marnie Slides 32-35 11:30-11:33
  • Jennifer and Marnie Slides 32-35 11:30-11:33
  • Jennifer and Marnie Slides 32-35 11:30-11:33
  • Jennifer and Marnie Slides 32-35 11:30-11:33 Discussion about Information vs. Advice panel 11:33 – 11:48
  • Cathy Slides 36-39 11:48-11:50
  • Cathy Slides 36-39 11:48-11:50
  • Cathy Slides 36-39 11:48-11:50
  • Cathy Slides 36-39 11:48-11:50
  • Final discussion panel answering questions 11:50-12:00
  • Librarian or Lawyer?

    1. 1. Librarian or Lawyer? : What do YOU tell people when they have a Legal Question? Cathy Balshone, Newton Free Library, Moderator Suzanne Hoey, Head Law Librarian, Worcester Law Library Jennifer Pickett, Reference Librarian, Brooks Free Library, Harwich Caroline Robinson, Website Coordinator/ MassLegalHelp.org, Massachusetts Law Reform Institute Marnie Warner, Law Library Coordinator, Trial Court Law Libraries Massachusetts Library Association Spring Conference April 30, 2010 Hyannis, Massachusetts
    2. 2. The Panel <ul><li>Cathy Balshone, Moderator, Reference Librarian, Newton Free Library, Legal Collection </li></ul><ul><li>Suzanne Hoey, Head Law Librarian, Worcester Law Library </li></ul><ul><li>Jennifer Pickett, Reference Librarian, Brooks Free Library, Harwich </li></ul><ul><li>Caroline Robinson, Website Coordinator / MassLegalHelp.org, Mass Law Reform Institute </li></ul><ul><li>Marnie Warner, Law Library Coordinator, Massachusetts Trial Court Law Libraries (TCLL) </li></ul>
    3. 4. Public Libraries and Access to Justice <ul><li>&quot;The court system is an adversarial system,&quot; he said. &quot;When you walk into our environment, we don't take sides. We don't care if you are a judge or private citizen. We are respectful and responsive to everybody.&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>Gene Myers, Director of the Anoka County Law Library, Minnesota speaking about the growing numbers of people using public libraries in these hard economic times </li></ul><ul><li>The New Legal Aid: Do it Yourself , Star Tribune.Com David Chanen April 10, 2010. </li></ul>
    4. 5. Librarian or Lawyer? Help for the patron <ul><li>What do I need to know to find legal information for my patrons? </li></ul><ul><li>How can I be sure I am only giving legal information when my patron is asking for legal advice? </li></ul><ul><li>How can I help my patron find a lawyer? </li></ul><ul><li>How can we share information and training with other librarians and with the public? </li></ul>
    5. 6. Public Libraries and Access to Justice <ul><li>Public libraries provide access to government agencies that now </li></ul><ul><li>offer many forms and services online. More than 26 million people used public library computers to get government or legal information or to access government services. Of these, 58 percent downloaded a government forms, such as Social Security paperwork, tax forms, and Medicare enrollment documents. Nearly half of these people wound up submitting a government form using a library computer. When it came to government services, the vast majority who sought help from government officials over a library’s Internet connection (84 percent) reported they received the help they were seeking. </li></ul><ul><li>Opportunity for All: How the American Public Benefits from Internet Access at U.S. Libraries , Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, March, 2010. </li></ul>
    6. 7. Finding Information for our patrons <ul><li>How can we find legal information for our patrons? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Where to begin? Civics 101 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Legal reference basics </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Four great free websites </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Print materials </li></ul></ul>
    7. 8. Civics 101 <ul><li>Governing Documents </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The U.S. Constitution </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>http:// www.law.cornell.edu /constitution/ </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Constitution of The Commonwealth of Massachusetts </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>http:// www.mass.gov/legis/const.htm </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>City and Town Charters </li></ul></ul>
    8. 9. Civics 101 <ul><li>Jurisdiction </li></ul><ul><ul><li>National </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>State </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Local </li></ul></ul>
    9. 10. Civics 101 <ul><li>Three Branches of Government </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Legislative </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Executive </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Judicial </li></ul></ul>
    10. 11. Civics 101 <ul><li>Each branch creates “law” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Legislative – Statutes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Executive – Administrative Regulations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Judicial – Cases, Decisions </li></ul></ul>
    11. 12. Civics 101 <ul><li>A Law by any other name… </li></ul><ul><li>Executive Branch </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Agency Regulations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Commission Rulings </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Boards of Registration </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Executive orders </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Attorney-General Opinions </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Legislative Laws </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Session Laws </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Public Laws or Acts </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Statutes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Codified Laws </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ordinances </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Case Law – Judicial Branch </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Decisions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Opinions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Rulings </li></ul></ul>
    12. 13. Legal Reference Basics <ul><li>How to read a legal citation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>401 Mass. 1 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Volume Title Starting Page </li></ul></ul>
    13. 14. Legal Reference Basics <ul><li>How to read a legal citation </li></ul><ul><li>M.G.L. ch.93A §1 </li></ul><ul><li>Title Chapter Section </li></ul>
    14. 15. Legal Reference Basics <ul><li>Law About…Legal Writing & Citation </li></ul>
    15. 16. Legal Reference Basics <ul><li>Finding a Legal Definition </li></ul>
    16. 17. Legal Reference Basics <ul><li>Civil </li></ul><ul><li>Legal dispute between 2 or more people, corporations of agencies </li></ul><ul><li>Plaintiff initiates </li></ul><ul><li>Defendant responds </li></ul><ul><li>Court/Jury determines if one party has harmed the other </li></ul><ul><li>Damages (money or other) to compensate for loss </li></ul><ul><li>Defendant does not have Constitutional guarantee to attorney </li></ul><ul><li>Criminal </li></ul><ul><li>Violation of criminal statute </li></ul><ul><li>Government initiates </li></ul><ul><li>Defendant responds </li></ul><ul><li>Court/Jury determines if defendant has violated a statute </li></ul><ul><li>Punishment is often incarceration </li></ul><ul><li>Defendant has Constitutional guarantee to an attorney </li></ul>
    17. 18. Legal Reference Basics <ul><li>Primary Sources </li></ul><ul><li>Can be cited in court documents </li></ul><ul><li>Laws </li></ul><ul><li>Regulations </li></ul><ul><li>Cases </li></ul><ul><li>Secondary Sources </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Most should not be cited in court documents </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Everything else </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Websites </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Self-help guides </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Treatises </li></ul></ul>
    18. 19. Four Great Websites -- Free Massachusetts Trial Court Law Libraries http:// www.lawlib.state.ma.us /
    19. 20. Four Great Websites -- Free Your Public Library http://libraries.state.ma.us/
    20. 21. Four Great Websites -- Free MassLegalHelp www.MassLegalHelp.org
    21. 22. Four Great Websites -- Free MassLegalServices www.MassLegalServices.org
    22. 23. Selected Books & Legal News <ul><li>Acts & Resolves/MassachusettGeneral Court </li></ul><ul><li>Massachusetts General Laws </li></ul><ul><li>Massachusetts Decisions </li></ul><ul><li>Nolo self-help editions, in print & online </li></ul><ul><li>Loose-leaf services on topic of law </li></ul><ul><li>Massachusetts Practice Series </li></ul><ul><li>Massachusetts Rules of Court </li></ul><ul><li>Use TCLL Document Delivery service </li></ul><ul><li>Massachusetts Lawyers Weekly </li></ul>
    23. 24. Answering Legal Questions <ul><li>WWW.lawlib.state.ma.us </li></ul><ul><li>Click on Law About... Over 150 Topics A-Z </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Scroll down to Potholes to find </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Laws </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Selected cases </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Web sources </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Print sources </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>I ran over a pothole and damaged my car. What can I do? </li></ul></ul>
    24. 25. Answering Legal Questions How can I find out about child support?
    25. 26. Answering Legal Questions <ul><li>www.lawlib.state.ma.us </li></ul><ul><li>Scroll down to Laws, Regulations, Cases and more... </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Click on Massachusetts General Laws </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>You will find links to search by citation, popular name, full text as well a link to search recent Acts and Resolves </li></ul></ul></ul>Where can I find this law?
    26. 27. Answering Legal Questions <ul><li>“ Forms” </li></ul>
    27. 28. Answering Legal Questions <ul><li>What questions do you get? </li></ul>
    28. 29. Ask a Law Librarian!
    29. 30. How to Find a Lawyer <ul><li>Referral Services </li></ul><ul><li>Mass. Bar Association </li></ul><ul><li>Boston Bar Association </li></ul><ul><li>Regional Bar Associations </li></ul><ul><li>American Bar Association </li></ul>www.lawlib.state.ma.us/lawyer/referral.html
    30. 31. How to Find a Lawyer Selected, need-based legal services available at www.MassLegalHelp.org/find-legal-aid
    31. 32. How Far Can We Go? <ul><li>We Can… </li></ul><ul><li>Give information </li></ul><ul><li>Give you legal definitions </li></ul><ul><li>Answer general questions </li></ul><ul><li>Give you general information about court rules and terminology </li></ul><ul><li>Give you citations of Statutes, court rules and ordinances </li></ul><ul><li>We Cannot… </li></ul><ul><li>Give legal advice </li></ul><ul><li>Give you legal interpretations </li></ul><ul><li>Explain judicial decision </li></ul><ul><li>Advise you as to how the court rules and procedures will be applied to your case </li></ul><ul><li>Complete your research </li></ul>
    32. 33. How Far Can We Go? <ul><li>We Can… </li></ul><ul><li>Give you public case information </li></ul><ul><li>Give you forms and instructions to complete </li></ul><ul><li>Provide you with contact information for legal services and attorney referral services </li></ul><ul><li>We Cannot… </li></ul><ul><li>Give you confidential information </li></ul><ul><li>Complete forms for you unless you have a disability </li></ul><ul><li>Refer you to a specific lawyer or contact programs on your behalf </li></ul>
    33. 34. How Far Can We Go? <ul><li>We Can… </li></ul><ul><li>Tell you the answer if there is only one clearly defined answer </li></ul><ul><li>We Cannot… </li></ul><ul><li>Tell you the answer if there is more than one clearly defined alternative </li></ul>
    34. 35. How Far Can We Go? <ul><li>Librarians: Limits & Disclaimers </li></ul><ul><li>“ Legal reference does not include interpretation or advice.” </li></ul><ul><li>“ The patron must read, analyze and interpret the material…” </li></ul><ul><li>“ The librarian may direct you to cases, statutes, and sources, but that does not mean those are the only ones that might apply to your situation.” </li></ul>
    35. 36. National Service Trends in The Access to Justice Movement <ul><li>State Courts partner with Public Libraries </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Self-help Centers in public libraries </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Court assistance through court web sites </li></ul><ul><li>Question & Response Handbooks </li></ul><ul><li>Prescription Pads </li></ul><ul><li>Language issues </li></ul><ul><li>Court translators </li></ul><ul><li>Help filling out forms </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Law students and lawyers may help fill out forms </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Web sites with language setting options </li></ul>
    36. 37. M ass- A ccess to Justice <ul><li>State-wide communications </li></ul><ul><li>Sharing information </li></ul><ul><li>Sharing legal reference skills </li></ul><ul><li>Posting legal literacy class handouts </li></ul><ul><li>Uploading templates for posters and brochures </li></ul>
    37. 38. Access to Justice Commissions <ul><li>Access to Justice (ATJ) through state appointed commissions and organizations for the self-represented litigant </li></ul><ul><li>Locate state-by-state ATJ commissions through the ABA Resource Center </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.abanet.org/legalservices/sclaid/atjresourcecenter/atjmainpage.html </li></ul><ul><li>Massachusetts Justice Commission </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.mass.gov/courts/press/pr060809.html </li></ul><ul><li>http:// www.massaccesstojustice.org / </li></ul>
    38. 39. Public Libraries and Access to Justice Conferences <ul><li>Conference materials posted at WebJunction.org </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Search terms “Public Libraries and Access to Justice” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>http://www.webjunction.org/legal-information?p_p_id =3&p_p_lifecycle=0&p_p_state= maximized&p_p_mode =view&_3_struts_action=%2Fsearch%2Fsearch </li></ul></ul><ul><li>January 2010 in Austin, TX </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Training funded by The Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation with Legal Services Corporation to the National Center for State Courts, hosted by the Self-Represented Litigation Network </li></ul></ul><ul><li>March 2010 Portland, OR </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Public Libraries Association (PLA) </li></ul></ul>
    39. 40. Get the Presentation, bookmarks and posters <ul><li>MassLegalHelp has a section devoted to you. </li></ul><ul><li>MassLegalHelp.org/help/human-services-workers/MLA-conference-materials </li></ul>

    ×