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Keeping Current.doc

  1. 1. LEGAL RESEARCH ON THE INTERNET 1. Keeping Current a. Legal News National and local developments in the law, the latest news about legislation and court decisions can be found in online legal newspapers or at criminal defense organization web sites. Many of these sites contain archives of old news stories. i. Criminal Justice News/Issues (NACDL) http://www.criminaljustice.org/PUBLIC/news.htm ii. Criminal Law (Law Journal Extra) http://www.ljx.com/practice/criminal/index.html iii. National Law Journal http://www.nlj.com/ iv. New York Law Journal http://www.nylj.com/ v. Press Releases Most government agencies with web sites publish their press releases, which describe recent and future changes in the law. 1.New York Court System (OCA) http://www.courts.state.ny.us/newsevent2.html 2.New York State Governor’s Office http://www.state.ny.us/governor/press/year99/press99.html 3.New York State Senate http://www.senate.state.ny.us/press.html 4.New York State Assembly http://assembly.state.ny.us/Press/ 5.Department of Correctional Services http://www.docs.state.ny.us/PressRel/index.html 6.New York City Mayor’s Office http://www.ci.nyc.ny.us/html/om/html/releases.html 7.New York City Council http://www.council.nyc.ny.us/newswire.htm vi. E-Bulletins Receive summaries of the latest Supreme Court and New York court decisions by email. The summaries are linked to the full text documents. 1. United States Supreme Court E-Bulletin (Legal Information Institute) http://www.law.cornell.edu/focus/bulletins.html 2. New York Court of Appeals E-Bulletin (Legal Information Institute) http://www.law.cornell.edu/bulletin/index.htm 3. New York Quick Decision Service (New York Law Journal) http://www.nyqds.com/ 4. Legal Newswire (American Lawyer Media) http://www.lawnewsnetwork.com/newswire/ Copyright 1999 New York State Defenders Association
  2. 2. LEGAL RESEARCH ON THE INTERNET Copyright 1999 New York State Defenders Association 2
  3. 3. LEGAL RESEARCH ON THE INTERNET b. Local and State News Find your local newspaper online. Most television, radio and print news services have web sites with full text copies of their latest stories. i. Associated Press http://www.ap.org/ ii. NewsDirectory.com http://www.newsdirectory.com/news/press/na/us/ny/ iii. AJR Newslink http://ajr.newslink.org/ iv. Electric Library http://www.elibrary.com/id/238/100/search.cgi?id= c. Slip Opinions Read the latest opinions from the Supreme Court and New York courts. Most services are free, some charge a subscription or document delivery fee. i. Decisions of Interest (New York Law Journal) http://www.nylj.com/decisions.html ii. New York Slip Opinion Service (Westlaw) http://nyslip.westgroup.com/ iii. New York Quick Decision Service (New York Law Journal) http://www.nyqds.com/ iv. Legal Information Institute (Cornell University) http://www.law.cornell.edu/ d. New Legislation Locate a proposed law, a legislative report or an existing statute by visiting New York Government web sites. i. New York State Assembly Legislative System http://assembly.state.ny.us/ALIS/ ii. New York State Chapter Laws (Assembly) http://assembly.state.ny.us/ALIS/laws.html iii. New York State Assembly http://assembly.state.ny.us/ iv. New York State Senate http://www.senate.state.ny.us/ v. Governor http://www.state.ny.us/governor/ vi. Federal, State and Local Agencies http://www.state.ny.us/govagency.htm Copyright 1999 New York State Defenders Association 3
  4. 4. LEGAL RESEARCH ON THE INTERNET 2. Legal Research a. Federal Law Find federal cases from anywhere in the country. Read about new federal laws and regulations. Learn about the activities of federal agencies. i. Federal Legislation (Thomas) http://thomas.loc.gov/ ii. Federal Regulations (Government Printing Office) http://www.access.gpo.gov/nara/cfr/index.html iii. United States Supreme Court (Legal Information Institute) http://supct.law.cornell.edu/supct/index.html iv. Federal Law (American Law Sources Online) http://www.lawsource.com/also/usa.cgi?us1 v. Amicus Curiae Briefs in the United States Supreme Court (American Law Sources Online) http://www.lawsource.com/also/usa.cgi?usb#USSCt vi. Oyez Project—Oral Arguments Supreme Court (Northwestern University) http://oyez.nwu.edu/ vii. FedCrimLaw (Punch & Jurists) http://www.fedcrimlaw.com/ b. New York Law Research New York Court of Appeals Cases, statutes, locals laws and even jury instructions from your desktop. i. New York Court of Appeals (Legal Information Institute) http://www.law.cornell.edu:80/ny/ctap/overview.html ii. New York State Constitution (Assembly) http://assembly.state.ny.us/cgi-bin/const iii. New York Consolidated Laws (Assembly) http://assembly.state.ny.us/cgi-bin/claws iv. New York Unconsolidated Laws (Assembly) http://assembly.state.ny.us/cgi-bin/ulaws v. Municipal Codes Online (Seattle Public Library) http://www.spl.org/govpubs/municode.html vi. New York City Local Laws (City Council) http://leah.council.nyc.ny.us/laws.htm vii. Pattern Jury Instructions (2nd ed. OCA) http://www.courts.state.ny.us/juryinst.htm viii. Opinions of the Attorney General http://www.oag.state.ny.us/lawyers/opinions/opinion.html ix. Commission on Judicial Conduct http://www.scjc.state.ny.us/ c. Out of State Need to find the statute concerning a client’s predicate offense committed in another state. Statutes and case law from other jurisdictions, including the federal government can be found through this one source. i. American Law Sources Online http://www.lawsource.com/also/ Copyright 1999 New York State Defenders Association 4
  5. 5. LEGAL RESEARCH ON THE INTERNET 3. Ethics Opinions Conflicts of interest, confidentiality and other ethical questions can be answered by examining bar association ethics opinions online. a. New York State Bar Association Ethics Opinions http://www.nysba.org/opinions/opinions.html b. Association of the Bar of the City of New York http://www.abcny.org/eth1999.htm c. New York County Lawyers Association http://www.nycla.org/library/ethics.htm d. Nassau County Bar Association http://www.nassaubar.org/ethics/ethics.html 4. Court Directories and Biographies Contact information for judges and government offices across the country can be found in these directories. Background on judges and legislators is available. a. Federal-State Court Directory (Want Publishing) http://www.courts.com/directory.html b. Judge’s Profiles (NYLJ) http://www.nylj.com/judges/ c. Judge Donnino http://ourworld.compuserve.com/homepages/w_c_d/ 5. Attorney Directories a. New York State Chief Defenders List http://www.nysda.org/chiefs.htm b. Martindale-Hubbell http://lawyers.martindale.com/marhub c. West Legal Directory http://www.wld.com/ 6. Finding People Learn about clients, co-defendants or witnesses who have been or are now in the state prison system. Save time by looking up the name of the county official or state official who can answer your question. a. Inmate Locator (DOCS) http://207.198.24.23:84/kinqw00 b. Directory of New York State Criminal Justice Agencies (DCJS) http://criminaljustice.state.ny.us/crimnet/ojsa/agdir/htframe.htm c. New York State Association of Counties Directory of County Officials http://www.state.ny.us/nysac/countyoff.html d. New York State Government Directories http://www.ogs.state.ny.us/telecom/default.asp Copyright 1999 New York State Defenders Association 5
  6. 6. LEGAL RESEARCH ON THE INTERNET 7. Find Expert Witnesses and Transcripts a. Expert Witness Network http://www.witness.net/ b. Technical Advisory Service for Attorneys (TASA) http://www.tasanet.com/ c. Expert Witnesses (Washlaw Web) http://www.washlaw.edu/expert/expert.html 8. Defense Organizations Criminal defense associations publish newsletters and articles, reports on current issues, motions and briefs, training calendars and standards of practice. They also post links to web sites on criminal law research, such as forensics or the death penalty. a. National i. National Association of Criminal Defense Lawyers www.nacdl.org ii. National Legal Aid & Defender Association http://www.nlada.org/ b. New York i. Legal Aid Society of New York http://www.legal-aid.org/ ii. Neighborhood Defender Service http://www.vera.org/nds/ iii. New York State Defenders Association http://www.nysda.org/ iv. New York State Association of Criminal Defense Lawyers http://www.NYSACDL.org/ 9. Assigned Counsel Practicing attorneys can find information about joining 18-b panels, training and eligibility requirements and local events related to assigned counsel work. a. Association of Assigned Counsel (NYC) http://www.internet-esq.com/ny18-b.htm b. Monroe County Assigned Counsel Program http://home.eznet.net/~moncoacp/index.html c. Erie County Bar Association Aid To Indigent Prisoners Society Inc. http://assigned.org/ d. Cayuga County Assigned Counsel Program http://co.cayuga.ny.us/counsel/index.html Copyright 1999 New York State Defenders Association 6
  7. 7. LEGAL RESEARCH ON THE INTERNET 10. Continuing Legal Education Calendars of upcoming trainers, registration information and requirements for mandatory CLE credits are available from criminal defense association web sites. a. New York State Defenders Association http://www.nysda.org/sems.htm b. National Legal Aid & Defender Association http://www.nlada.org/d-natrain.htm c. New York State Bar Association http://www.nysba.org/cle/cleschedule.html d. Mandatory Continuing Legal Education in New York (OCA) http://www.courts.state.ny.us/mcle.htm 11. New York Government Government reports, studies, procedures and rules that may be difficult to find or inaccessible through conventional research can be located on the web. a. Department of Correctional Services http://www.docs.state.ny.us/ b. Division of Criminal Justice Services http://criminaljustice.state.ny.us/ c. Unified Court System (Office of Court Administration) http://www.courts.state.ny.us/ d. New York Government (New York State) http://www.state.ny.us/ e. State Agencies List (New York State) http://www.state.ny.us/state_acc.html f. County Government List (New York State) http://www.state.ny.us/mcounty.html g. City Government List (New York State) http://www.state.ny.us/city.html h. New York City Criminal Justice Agency http://www.nycja.org/ Copyright 1999 New York State Defenders Association 7
  8. 8. LEGAL RESEARCH ON THE INTERNET 12. Legal Search Engines and Databases Find cases, statutes, law review articles, reports and other documents by using search engines. These search engines look specifically for law related information. a. American Law Sources Online http://www.lawsource.com/also/ b. Findlaw http://www.findlaw.com/ c. LawCrawler http://lawcrawler.findlaw.com/ d. General Legal Web Directories (NYLJ) http://www.nylj.com/sites/weblawgeneral.html Databases, unlike search engines, do not seek out other web sites. They contain the full text documents. Web based databases are not as current or comprehensive as Westlaw or Lexis. e. Versus Law http://www.versuslaw.com/ f. Law Office Information Systems (LOIS) (NYSBA Discount) http://www.nysba.org/media/newsreleases/1998/lois.html 13. General Search Engines Search engines assist researchers in finding documents and web sites. Each engine has different methods for finding information. There’s some overlap, but if one doesn’t work try another until you find the answer. a. Northern Lights http://www.northernlight.com/ b. Excite http://www.excite.com/ c. Lycos http://www.lycos.com/ d. AltaVista http://www.altavista.com/ e. Yahoo http://www.yahoo.com/ f. Dogpile http://www.dogpile.com/ g. Metafind http://www.metafind.com/ Copyright 1999 New York State Defenders Association 8
  9. 9. LEGAL RESEARCH ON THE INTERNET 14. Comprehensive Criminal Law and Related Links When you need a study on racial profiling or a report on work release programs, you can search sites that specialize in criminal justice and social science information. a. Hieros Gamos Guide to Criminal Law http://www.hg.org/crime.html b. Criminal Justice Links (Cecil Greek, Florida State University) http://www.criminology.fsu.edu/cj.html c. Subject-based Internet Resources Criminal Justice and Law http://wally2.rit.edu/internet/subject/law.html d. Criminal Justice Mega-Links http://faculty.ncwc.edu/toconnor/ e. Sentencing Links (National Association of Sentencing Advocates) http://www.sentencingproject.org/nasa/links.htm 15. Statistics and Reports on Criminal Justice Issues a. Criminal Justice Data for New York State http://criminaljustice.state.ny.us/crimnet/data.htm b. Sourcebook of Criminal Justice Statistics http://www.albany.edu/sourcebook/ c. Criminal Justice Information Center (National Criminal Justice Reference Service) http://www.ncjrs.org/ 16. Death Penalty a. Death Penalty Information Center http://www.essential.org/dpic/dpic.html b. Death Penalty Links (Kentucky Department of Advocacy) http://dpa.state.ky.us:80/~rwheeler/deathpen.htm c. National Conference on Wrongful Convictions and the Death Penalty http://www.ncwcdp.com/ 17. Forensics a. Forensic Science Resources (Tennessee Criminal Law Defense Resources) http://www.tncrimlaw.com/forensic/ b. Reference Manual on Scientific Evidence http://www.fjc.gov/EVIDENCE/science/sc_ev_sec.html Copyright 1999 New York State Defenders Association 9
  10. 10. LEGAL RESEARCH ON THE INTERNET 18. Client Manuals Complete books on the criminal justice system are available online. Educating your client about the process can be as simple as clicking on a link to one of these web sites. a. Criminal Defendant Handbook (OCA) http://www.courts.state.ny.us/Handcrimdef.html b. What You Should Know If You Accused of a Crime (Joyce B. David) http://www.getty.net/texts/law-1.txt c. Criminal Court of the City of New York http://ucs.ljx.com/crim0498.htm 19. Publishers and Vendors Need a recent book on search and seizure law, trying to build up your collection of DWI handbooks, then visit the publishers who sell New York and Criminal Law related books. a. American Lawyer Media http://www.lawcatalog.com/ b. Blumberg http://www.blumberg.com/index.html c. BNA http://www.bna.com/ d. Gould Publishing http://www.gouldlaw.com/ e. Hein Publishing http://www.washlaw.edu/hein/heinhome.html f. James Publishing http://www.jamespublishing.com/ g. Matthew Bender http://www.bender.com h. New York Legal Publishing http://www.nylp.com/ i. NYSBA Pamphlets http://www.nysba.org/public/public.html j. West Group http://www.westgroup.com Copyright 1999 New York State Defenders Association 10
  11. 11. LEGAL RESEARCH ON THE INTERNET 20. Law Libraries a. New York State Library http://www.nysl.nysed.gov/index.html b. Library of Congress http://www.loc.gov/z3950/ c. Law Library Catalogs (Washlaw Web) http://www.washlaw.edu/lawcat/lawcat.html d. National Equal Justice Library http://library.wcl.american.edu/nejl/ e. Legal Aid Society of New York http://www.legal-aid.org/lib.htm 21. Directories, Guides and Other Ready Reference Sources a. Vital Records Information http://vitalrec.com/index.html b. Washlaw Web http://www.washlaw.edu/reflaw/reflaw.html c. Legal and Law Reference Site http://www.clark.net/pub/lschank/web/mu-law.html 22. Law Reviews a. Buffalo Criminal Law Review (Buffalo Criminal Law Center) http://wings.buffalo.edu/law/bclc/bclr.htm b. Buffalo Law Review http://wings.buffalo.edu/academic/department/law/blr/ c. Cornell Law Review http://WWW.LAW.CORNELL.EDU/clr/ d. Journal of Criminal Justice and Popular Culture http://www.albany.edu/scj/jcjpc/index.html e. New York State Bar Journal http://www.nysba.org/media/barjournal/journalindex.html f. Touro Law Review http://www.tourolaw.edu/Publications/Lawreview/ g. Full Text Search of Journals on Internet (Findlaw) http://www.findlaw.com/lawreviews/ h. 1999 On-Line Directory of Law Reviews and Scholarly Legal Periodicals (text only, no links) http://www.andersonpublishing.com/lawschool/directory/ Copyright 1999 New York State Defenders Association 11
  12. 12. LEGAL RESEARCH ON THE INTERNET 23. Criminal Law Software New York criminal procedure and penal law research can be simplified and expedited through research software. Gunga Web (available for a fee) and Crime Time (free) can be accessed or downloaded from the web. a. Gunga Web http://members.aol.com/dewoodin/dps.htm b. Crime Time (Tompkins County DA) http://www.co.tompkins.ny.us/distatto/crimetim.html 24. Comprehensive Sites Generally One stop shopping for legal research saves time. Sites such as American Law Sources Online are gateways that open the doors to hundreds of specific case law, statutory and government agency web sites. a. American Law Sources Online http://www.lawsource.com/also/ b. Findlaw http://www.findlaw.com/ c. WashLaw Web http://www.washlaw.edu/ d. Legal Information Institute http://www.law.cornell.edu/ e. WWW Virtual Law Library http://www.law.indiana.edu/law/v-lib/lawindex.html f. Fed World http://www.fedworld.gov/ g. Federal Web Locator http://www.law.vill.edu/Fed-Agency/fedwebloc.html h. Jeff Flax’s Law Related Resources http://www.jflax.com/ i. Defense Service Organizations (Pine Tree Legal Assistance) http://www.ptla.org/links.htm Copyright 1999 New York State Defenders Association 12
  13. 13. LEGAL RESEARCH ON THE INTERNET 25. Comprehensive Sites New York Documents have a dubious life span on the web. Valuable guides, such as the ones listed below, can be saved on your computer for future reference when the original is no longer available. a. New York Law Journal http://www.nylj.com/ b. Find Law New York Resources http://www.findlaw.com/11stategov/ny/ c. New York State Government Information Locator http://unix2.nysed.gov/ils/ d. New York State Home Page http://www.state.ny.us/ e. New York City Home Page http://www.ci.nyc.ny.us/ f. New York City Council Home Page http://www.council.nyc.ny.us/ g. New York Courts & Law Guide http://www.nylj.com/guide/ h. Bar Association and Organizations (NYSBA) http://www.nysba.org/othersites/otherbars.html i. Bar Association and Organizations (NYLJ) http://www.nylj.com/sites/bars.html 26. Notable Documents available on the Internet Documents have a dubious life span on the web. Valuable guides, such as the ones listed below, can be saved on your computer for future reference when the original is no longer available. a. How to Read the New York State Rap Sheet (PDF Document) http://criminaljustice.state.ny.us/crimnet/cust/rapsheet.pdf b. Directory of New York State Criminal Justice Directories (PDF Document) http://criminaljustice.state.ny.us/crimnet/ojsa/agdir/agencydr.pdf c. Performance Guidelines for Criminal Defense Representation (NLADA) http://www.nlada.org/d-perform.htm d. Resolution on Representation of the Indigent (NYCLA) http://www.nycla.org/publications/report2.htm e. NYSBA Asks Legislature to Raise Fees for Lawyers who Represent Poor People in Criminal Cases (NYSBA) http://www.nysba.org/media/newsreleases/18b.html 27. Bibliography on Internet for Lawyers The Law Practice Management section of the American Bar Association maintains an annotated list of books about using the Internet in the practice of law. Sample chapters, containing links to web sites, are included. a. List of Law-Related Internet Books and Newsletters (ABA) http://www.abanet.org/lpm/magazine/booklist.html Copyright 1999 New York State Defenders Association 13
  14. 14. LEGAL RESEARCH ON THE INTERNET 28. Investigators and Resources Beyond legal research, the web is an excellent tool for developing factual information to be used in court. Reverse Phone Directories, maps and FOIL data are only a few examples of the resources available. a. National Defender Investigation Association http://ndia-inv.org/ 29. Phone, Address and Email Directories a. 555-1212.COM (Comprehensive) http://www.555-1212.com/ b. AnyWho Reverse Phone Directory http://www.anywho.com/telq.html c. BigFoot (People Search) http://www.bigfoot.com/ d. Yahoo People Search http://people.yahoo.com/ e. Telephone Directories on the Web http://www.teldir.com/ 30. Maps and Directions a. Yahoo Maps and Driving Directions http://maps.yahoo.com/py/maps.py b. Lycos Roadmaps http://www.lycos.com/roadmap.html c. Maps On Us http://www.mapsonus.com/ d. Internet Travel Network http://www.itn.com/ 31. Freedom of Information (FOIL or FOIA) a. US Dept of Justice www.usdoj.gov/foia b. NY Committee on Open Government Advisory Opinions http://dos.state.ny.us/coog/findex.html c. FOIA Resources http://www.spj.org/foia/index.htm d. Resources on Freedom of Information Issues http://web.syr.edu/~bcfought/foires.html Copyright 1999 New York State Defenders Association 14

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