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  1. 1. Announcements Introduction to Spring Semester Writing Legal Letters
  2. 2. Announcements <ul><li>First Year Grades </li></ul><ul><li>Legal Writing Grades </li></ul><ul><li>Final Drafts of the Open Memo </li></ul><ul><li>Spring Syllabus </li></ul>
  3. 3. Overview of Spring Semester The Appellate Brief and Moot Court
  4. 4. Persuasive vs. Predictive Writing <ul><li>Last semester we concentrated on predictive writing in the development of legal memoranda. </li></ul><ul><li>This semester we will concentrate on persuasive writing in the development of a court brief. </li></ul><ul><li>This semester you will write as an advocate of a legal position. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Compare Memos with Briefs <ul><li> Memorandum Brief </li></ul><ul><li>Tone Professional/ Uses suggestive Objective word choices </li></ul><ul><li>Audience Supervising Judge deciding attorney the appeal </li></ul><ul><li>Purpose To inform To persuade </li></ul><ul><li>Organize Around rule Strongest first </li></ul><ul><li>Facts Orderly presentation Play up good facts </li></ul>
  6. 6. Adverse Facts and Authority <ul><li> Memorandum Brief </li></ul><ul><li>Adverse Disclose and discuss Neutralize </li></ul><ul><li>Facts adverse facts highlight favorable </li></ul><ul><li>Adverse Explain and discuss Determine if you </li></ul><ul><li>Authority must disclose. If so, distinguish. </li></ul><ul><li>Use of law IRAC IRAC but shape cases and counter- </li></ul><ul><li>arguments more in your favor. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Moot Court Introduction <ul><li>Moot court requires you to analyze, brief and argue a single appellate case. </li></ul><ul><li>Your two drafts of a brief on appeal will be followed by practice oral arguments, and will culminate in a final argument before a bench of your legal writing professor and third year moot court board members. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Moot Court Purposes <ul><li>There are several purposes for moot court: </li></ul><ul><li>1) It is the first real experience of acting as an attorney, </li></ul><ul><li>and as such you will manipulate the law to the facts in a way that you have not done so until now. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Moot Court Purposes <ul><li>2) Moot court gives legal principles a specific context by way of the facts of your case and causes you to integrate both the procedural and substantive aspects of your case. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Moot Court Purposes <ul><li>3) Finally moot court causes you to spend enough research time on a single legal issue to learn to appreciate the nuances of the law in a specified area and be able to argue the issue orally. Specifically, you will research and write on issues under Title IX. </li></ul><ul><li>(Video clip) </li></ul>
  11. 11. Moot Court Details <ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>1) On Thursday, January 20, you will be given the case which you will have to argue on appeal. You should read over the problem carefully. </li></ul><ul><li>2) You and a partner will have an </li></ul><ul><li>opportunity to sign up as Appellants </li></ul><ul><li>or Appellees. </li></ul><ul><li>3) In your brief, you will argue both issues on appeal but in your oral arguments, you will argue one issue and your partner will argue the other. Two other students will argue the other side of these issues. </li></ul>
  12. 12. <ul><li>01/10/05 Receive Research Exam </li></ul><ul><li>01/18/05 Research Exam Due </li></ul><ul><li>01/20/05 Receive Appellate Problem </li></ul><ul><li>02/07/05 Source List and Outline Due </li></ul><ul><li>02/21/05 First Draft of Brief Due </li></ul><ul><li> Law Week </li></ul><ul><li>03/25/05 Final Drafts Due </li></ul><ul><li>Spring Break </li></ul><ul><li>04/05/05 Practice Oral Arguments </li></ul><ul><li>04/12/05 Final Oral Rounds Begin </li></ul>
  13. 13. Writing Legal Letters <ul><li>Opinion or Advice Letters </li></ul><ul><li>Letters to an Adversary </li></ul><ul><li>Letters to Third Parties </li></ul><ul><li>Transmittal/C.Y.A./Cover Letters </li></ul>
  14. 14. Writing Legal Letters <ul><li>Audience </li></ul><ul><li>Purpose </li></ul><ul><ul><li>To counsel </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>To persuade </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>To inform </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Strategy </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Persona </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tone </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Law & Facts </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Organization </li></ul></ul>
  15. 15. Demand Letters <ul><li>Typically demand letters are written by the plaintiff’s attorney when ? </li></ul><ul><li>at the very beginning of a dispute before a complaint has been filed. </li></ul><ul><li>Generally they are written to avoid the costs of brining a suit in low profile cases. </li></ul><ul><li>Or as a means of making reasonable attempts to settle. </li></ul>
  16. 16. The Demand Letter <ul><li>Audience </li></ul><ul><li>Purpose </li></ul><ul><ul><li>To counsel </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>To persuade </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>To inform </li></ul></ul><ul><li>*Ethical Considerations </li></ul><ul><li>Strategy </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Persona </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tone* </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Law & Facts </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Organization </li></ul></ul>
  17. 17. The Form of Demand Letters <ul><li>Firm Letterhead </li></ul><ul><li>Date </li></ul><ul><li>Method of delivery (Certified/Return Receipt) </li></ul><ul><li>Recipient’s address block </li></ul><ul><li>Salutation </li></ul><ul><li>Body of Letter (single spaced) </li></ul><ul><li>Closings* </li></ul><ul><li>Enclosure </li></ul><ul><li>CC:List any others receiving a copy </li></ul>
  18. 18. The Body of Demand Letters <ul><li>The body of the letter starts with an introductory paragraph where you introduce yourself and state the purpose of the letter. Stating the purpose of the letter is like the Questions Presented section of the legal memo. </li></ul><ul><li>Next give a brief summary of the facts but don’t lock yourself in. This is like the Statement of Facts in the legal memo. </li></ul>
  19. 19. The Body of Demand Letters <ul><li>State your position and an explanation of your position. This is similar to the Legal Discussion or application section of the legal memo. </li></ul><ul><li>You may include case law with case discussions and citations if necessary. If so give the law before applying it to your facts- ( consistent with IRAC ) </li></ul><ul><li>Conclude with any warnings, limitations or explanations of the next step. </li></ul>
  20. 20. Student Interviewing <ul><li>Cover Letters </li></ul><ul><li>and </li></ul><ul><li>Thank You Letters </li></ul>