Sound and music in film

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Sound and music in film

  1. 1. Approaches to Cinema 1: Film Language and Form Lecture 8: Sound and Music
  2. 2. properties of sound sound
  3. 3. key functions of sound ‘ synchronisation of the senses’ (Sergei Eisenstein) directs our attention within the image creates expectation
  4. 4. diegetic sound sound whose source is from the story world of the film (eg dialogue , music the characters can hear ) non-diegetic sound sound whose source is outside the story world of the film (eg narrator’s commentary, sound effects, score )
  5. 5. sound editing sound bridge (cross fading) internal diegetic sound Foley sounds sound mixing (audio post)
  6. 7. soundscapes the characteristic types of sound commonly heard in a given location or period
  7. 8. introduction of sound first synchronised sound film, Warner Bros, 1927 standardised Classical Hollywood style created fully ‘psychologised’ characters
  8. 9. sound design and technology multi-track recorders (Robert Altman, 1975) development of complex and realistic soundscapes
  9. 10. silence ‘ the soundtrack invented silence ’ (Robert Bresson, cited in A History of Film Music , Mervyn Cooke, 2008: 3) was silent cinema ever really silent ?
  10. 11. key functions of film music establishes time and place foreshadows and develops narrative features creates emotion
  11. 12. Classical Hollywood film music soundtrack composed by Max Steiner Central and Eastern European immigrants music composed in 19 th century Romantic tradition 1950s: shift towards more tonal and jazz-inflected scores
  12. 13. pop and rock songs from 1960s pre-existing music used to promote film younger audiences soundtrack and synergy influence of music videos
  13. 14. leitmotif short distinctive melody associated with theme or character micky mousing music matches movement (opposite of contrapuntal music )

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