About Anonymous

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About Anonymous

  1. 1. ANONYMOUS <ul><li>A CONTINUOUSLY FLUCTUATING GROUP OF INDIVIDUALS, BOUND BY COMMUNICATION THROUGH INTERNET CHATROOMS, THAT PURSUES PROTESTS AND MOVEMENTS THROUGH WEB-BASED ATTACKS </li></ul>
  2. 2. who are they? <ul><li>no set demographic </li></ul><ul><li>large percentage </li></ul><ul><li>assumed to be late teens or early 20’s </li></ul><ul><li>varied technical skill </li></ul><ul><li>levels </li></ul><ul><li>located globally </li></ul><ul><li>no leaders </li></ul><ul><li>no authority </li></ul><ul><li>no required participation in events </li></ul><ul><li>open membership </li></ul>
  3. 3. But what do they do? <ul><li>the collective known as anonymous initiates international hacktivism and other forms of protest in defense of issues ranging from: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>information freedom </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>censorship </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>human rights </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>retaliatory support for peers being persecuted </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  4. 4. hacktivism...? <ul><li>the use of computers and their programming to express political statements in the form of protest, includes: </li></ul><ul><li>defacing web pages </li></ul><ul><li>email/fax bombing </li></ul><ul><li>website mirroring </li></ul><ul><li>distributed denial of service (DDoS) attacks </li></ul>
  5. 5. ddos attacks...? <ul><li>the use of multiple computer systems to flood the server of a target, resulting in the denial of service for intended users of the site </li></ul><ul><li>under the federal computer fraud and abuse act penalties for these acts can include years of imprisonment </li></ul>
  6. 6. DDoS results <ul><li>many systems all </li></ul><ul><li>focus on one target </li></ul><ul><li>results in an </li></ul><ul><li>unaccessible site </li></ul>
  7. 7. why the name anonymous is familiar <ul><li>2008: </li></ul><ul><li>As the Church of Scientology scrambles to hide an internal video of actor Tom Cruise openly speaking about the Church, members of anonymous become outraged and called to incite a war on Scientology in their own video </li></ul><ul><li>Denial of service attacks on the Church’s website in protest of their alleged crime, fraud & abuse ensues </li></ul>
  8. 8. unplugging <ul><li>anonymous moved </li></ul><ul><li>out into the </li></ul><ul><li>streets </li></ul><ul><li>with no leadership </li></ul><ul><li>or long-term goals </li></ul><ul><li>the protests had </li></ul><ul><li>little lasting effect </li></ul>
  9. 9. other protests <ul><li>Anonymous is open to suggestions, an issue only needs to gain enough interest in the internet relay chats to move forward </li></ul>with theatrical effect anonymous took to the streets in support of events such as companies pulling their services from wikileaks & wiki owner julian assange being arrested
  10. 10. limewire illegally allowed people to share copyrighted content - litigation was brought against them - anonymous responded:
  11. 11. weaknesses <ul><li>despite calls for members never to attack the media or involve violent acts, with the lack of authority, intentions are easily skewed </li></ul><ul><li>much of what the group does is hypocritical: assaulting expression of opinion in the name of free speech </li></ul><ul><li>anonymous is disorganized, sporadic & distracted </li></ul>
  12. 12. what the future holds <ul><li>the power that anonymous has access to lies within the ability to call upon an infinite number of participants with global access </li></ul><ul><li>if they could accept leadership and form unified goals there should be no doubt they would be effective social change contributors </li></ul>

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