180deg Rule

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AS Media Studies research Powerpoint on the 180 degree rule, Match on Action and Shot/Reverse Shot

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180deg Rule

  1. 1. 180° Rule Match on Action Shot/Reverse shot Tom Sutherland MEDIA STUDIES DM
  2. 2. What is the 180° Rule? <ul><li>Line of Action / Axis Line </li></ul><ul><li>NEVER VIOLATE OR DIE (unless for “effect”, obviously) </li></ul><ul><li>Breaking the rule can disorient/confuse viewers </li></ul><ul><ul><li>So as a result, they’ll miss your film while trying to figure things out! </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Especially important in scenes with action or traces where a subject moves from A to B to avoid continuity errors </li></ul>
  3. 3. Things are easier to explain with pictures... <ul><li>In this scene: </li></ul><ul><li>The man is always facing right </li></ul><ul><li>The woman is always facing left </li></ul>No matter which position or angle the camera is shooting from, the characters will always be facing the same direction throughout .
  4. 4. What happens when you break it? <ul><li>If you move the camera across the line, characters face the same way as each other </li></ul><ul><li>THIS EQUALS CONFUSION </li></ul>Camera A Camera B
  5. 5. How do I cross the line? <ul><li>Show the movement </li></ul><ul><ul><li>This way, the viewer won’t become disoriented as they will have seen the camera move </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Once the line has been crossed, all shots must be from that side of the line, unless you cross back over (again showing the movement) </li></ul>As usual, the man is facing right... ... but now he’s facing left!!
  6. 6. Video Examples
  7. 7. Match on Action <ul><li>Cut that connects two different views of the same action at the same moment </li></ul><ul><li>It makes the motion seem uninterrupted </li></ul><ul><li>Usually just multiple shots of the same action (low budget films especially) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>So the mise-en-scene must be the same in every take to avoid continuity errors </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Used to emphasize spatial relationships </li></ul>
  8. 8. Shot/Reverse Shot <ul><li>Classicly used in filming dialogue </li></ul><ul><li>The shot frames the speaker (usually MCU) as (s)he says his/her line </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Often, there will be part of the listener in shot, slightly out of focus for example, the shoulder slightly out of focus. </li></ul></ul>

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