Washington's Foreign Policy and Farewell Address

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A survey of the foreign policy challenges during George Washington's presidency, with special emphasis on the administration's response to the Wars of the French Revolution. This presentation also includes a graphic organizer to use while discussing Washington's Farewell Address.

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Washington's Foreign Policy and Farewell Address

  1. 1. Washington’sForeignPolicy& Farewell Address
  2. 2. AMERICA: 1790
  3. 3. Our Revolutionwas Over.
  4. 4. Jacques-Louis David, The Tennis Court Oath
  5. 5. The Storming of the Bastille, 14 July 1789
  6. 6. The French TricolorThey wannabe us...But theyAIN’T us.
  7. 7. The French RevolutionHamiltonJeffersonUS Should SupportFrench RevolutionUS Should OpposeFrench Revolution
  8. 8. WAR!!!France vs. Europe
  9. 9. How should theUnited Statesrespond?
  10. 10. NeutralityProclamation“Whereas it appears thata state of war existsbetween Austria,Prussia, Sardinia, GreatBritain, and the UnitedNetherlands, of the onepart, and France on theother...1793
  11. 11. NeutralityProclamation“The duty and interest ofthe United Statesrequire, that they shouldwith sincerity and goodfaith adopt and pursue aconduct friendly andimpartial toward thebelligerent Powers...”1793
  12. 12. Washington’s NeutralityProclamation definedAmerican foreignpolicy toward Europeuntil World War II.The Legacy
  13. 13. “Your boys arenot going to besent into anyforeign wars!”-- FDR, 1940http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JfSU-VGixjM
  14. 14. Art courtesy of Sam B. andJames J. (APUSH 2008-2009)
  15. 15. Citizen GenetFrench Ambassadorto theUnited States1793-1794Privateers:• Republicaine• Anti-George• Sans-Culotte• Citizen Genêt
  16. 16. HamiltonJeffersonYou’re right.He has to bedismissed.Citizen Genet’s lack of regardfor diplomatic protocol resultedin a rare agreement betweenJefferson and Hamilton.
  17. 17. Photo by Gage SkidmoreCitizen Genetwas FIRED.
  18. 18. Jefferson
  19. 19. Photo by Roger SmithJefferson, frustrated with theadministration’s pro-Britishpolicies, retired to Monticello.
  20. 20. Britain agrees to abandonforts in U.S. in exchange forMost Favored Nation (MFN)trading status.The Jay TreatyJohn Jay1794-1796
  21. 21. The Jay Treatystrengthenedeconomic tieswith aristocraticBritain, whilecreating tensionbetween the U.S.and republicanFrance.
  22. 22. http://www.city-journal.org/2010/20_1_urb-john-jay.html
  23. 23. Ratified 20-10** Treaties require a 2/3 vote ofthe Senate for ratification.Photo by Kurt Magoon
  24. 24. • Settled West Florida Boundary• Free navigation of the Mississippi R.• Right of Deposit (New Orleans)Thomas Pinckney(SC)Pinckney’s Treaty 1795
  25. 25. Map by Golbez
  26. 26. Map by GolbezFree Navigation
  27. 27. A precedentfor all futurepresidentsTwo Terms
  28. 28. EXCEPTONEOOPS!
  29. 29. Art courtesy of Sam B. andJames J. (APUSH 2008-2009)
  30. 30. TWO TERM PRECEDENTPhoto by rogerblake2The Twenty-secondAmendment (1951)made Washington’sprecedent official.
  31. 31. Jeffersonian Ideas WASHINGTON Hamiltonian IdeasUNIONSectionalismPolitical PartiesExcessive DebtVirtue(Religion and Morality)Consolidation ofPowerNeutralityWashington’s Farewell Address

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