The Second Punic War

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This PowerPoint presentation is the second in my series on the Punic Wars, focusing on the Second Punic War between Rome and Carthage.

For more instructional materials, visit www.tomrichey.net!

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  • Image by John Leech, from: The Comic History of Rome by Gilbert Abbott A Beckett
  • Jacques-Louis David, “Napoleon Crossing the Alps,” 1800
  • Cincinato abandona el arado para dictar leyes a Roma, c.1806 de Juan Antonio Ribera
  • Photo by Rawan Hussein
  • The Second Punic War

    1. 1. Hannibal vs. the Romans Photo by jaci XIII
    2. 2. Source: http://collider.com/vin-diesel-hannibal-the-conqueror-trilogy/
    3. 3. Dido and Aeneas From Virgil’s Aeneid Pierre-Narcisse Guérin, Aeneas tells Dido the misfortunes of the Trojan city. Oil on canvas, 1815.
    4. 4. After the First Punic War, Carthage expanded further into Spain and continued to grow wealthier.
    5. 5. HANNIBAL Carthaginian General BARCA
    6. 6. I’ll NEVER be a friend to Rome!
    7. 7. HANNIBAL’S ROUTE
    8. 8. Crossing the Alps war elephants
    9. 9. Hannibal in Italy Cannae (216 B.C.) Map Credit: USMA Trebia (218 B.C.) Lake Trasimene (217 B.C.)
    10. 10. Hannibal defeats IMPETUOUS Romans Three things responsible for the Roman defeat. mbush iver lephants A R E BACK
    11. 11. Game Time!
    12. 12. Hannibal vs. G. Flaminius Hannibal: Know the Enemy Lake Trasimene 217 B.C.
    13. 13. http://www.dean.usma.edu/history/web03/atlases/AncientWarfare/index.htm AMBUSH Lake Trasimene 217 B.C.
    14. 14. QUESTION After being decisively defeated by Hannibal in two major battles, how would you recommend that the Romans conduct the war from this point?
    15. 15. EMERGENCY!!! Photo by Dunechaser
    16. 16. DICTATOR 6Months IN CASE OF EMERGENCY
    17. 17. Cincinnatus Model Dictator 16 Days
    18. 18. Fabius Maximus Dictator “Fabian Tactics” AVOID Decisive Engagements
    19. 19. “American Fabius”
    20. 20. Fabian Tactics Let’s Fight! Not Now!
    21. 21. Fabian tactics frustrated Hannibal. URGH!!!
    22. 22. CUNCTATOR Fabian tactics frustrated the Romans, too! “delayer”
    23. 23. Consular Elections Clipart from Clipartheaven.com L.A. Paulus Patrician G.T. Varro Plebeian 216 B.C. DISTRUST The Patricians WANT Hannibal to win the war!
    24. 24. ROME CARTHAGE 70,000 Men 40,000 Men Paulus Varro Hannibal CANNAE
    25. 25. STRATEGIES ROME CARTHAGE Restraint ENGAGE! Hope for Stupidity Paulus Varro Hannibal
    26. 26. CANNAE The consuls took turns commanding on alternate days… Restraint ENGAGE! Restraint ENGAGE! Restraint ENGAGE! Paulus Varro Paulus Varro Paulus Varro
    27. 27. United States Principles of War M O O S E M U S S
    28. 28. Video Time!
    29. 29. OBJECTIVE: CRUSH HANNIBAL
    30. 30. MANIPLES
    31. 31. Traditional Roman Formation http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Roman_infantry_tactics
    32. 32. At Cannae, the Romans abandoned their flexible formation in favor of a more powerful formation. Hannibal used this against them.
    33. 33. Hannibal encircled and destroyed a Roman army nearly twice the size of his own. encirclement
    34. 34. DUTY Aemelius Paulus, the patrician consul, refused to leave the battlefield (although he had been against going to battle). Varro, his colleague, left the field. John Trumbull, The Death of Aemilius Paulus (1773)
    35. 35. Map Credit: USMA Victories in three years
    36. 36. Photo by rtcosmin
    37. 37. Easier Said than Done
    38. 38. “Hannibal, you know how to gain a victory, but you don’t know how to use it!” - Maharbal
    39. 39. “Hannibal ad portas!”
    40. 40. Hannibal spent fourteen years wandering around Italy.
    41. 41. The Spanish Front 211 B.C. The Scipios are killed in Spain
    42. 42. Volunteers???
    43. 43. NOPE Photo by ohsarahrose
    44. 44. Publius c. Scipio Age 24 Photo by Massimo Finizio I’ll go.
    45. 45. VICTORY!!!
    46. 46. Hasdrubal Barca Hannibal’s Brother PLAN: Reinforce
    47. 47. Hasdrubal’s Plan Hannibal
    48. 48. The roman risk Hannibal
    49. 49. ROMANS DEFEAT HASDRUBAL Photo by Adri08 Metaurus 207 B.C. The Battle of the Metaurus was decisive because it guaranteed that Hannibal would not have a large enough army to besiege Rome.
    50. 50. Image by ChrisO A Present for Hannibal
    51. 51. 206 B.C.
    52. 52. Publius c. Scipio Age 30 Photo by Massimo Finizio Vote for me.
    53. 53. Consul Praetor Military Service
    54. 54. Scipio’s Plan Hannibal Carthage
    55. 55. ROAD WIN Photo Source: http://graphics.fansonly.com/photos
    56. 56. Scipio Vs. Fabius Is the plan too risky? I don’t like it. Photo by Massimo Finizio
    57. 57. Hannibal Help!!! Carthage
    58. 58. Hannibal Carthage Help!!! Uh… okay.
    59. 59. ZAMA 202 B.C.
    60. 60. http://www.visbellica.com/Scenarios/Zama/sc_zama.htm Scipio’s Victory
    61. 61. Fascist Italy’s Epic Movie CLICK to view the Battle of Zama as dramatized in Fascist Italy’s 1937 epic, Scipio Africanus.
    62. 62. A F R I C A N U S Photo by Massimo Finizio
    63. 63. A HARSH PEACE Photo Source: www.romansandals.co.uk Reparations Disarmament
    64. 64. Carthago dilenda est “Punic War Fun Time” Part III The Third Punic War
    65. 65. Cato the Elder Roman Senator After EVERY speech: “Carthago delenda est!” (Carthage must be destroyed!)
    66. 66. Scipio Aemilianus Carthage
    67. 67. The Ruins of Carthage

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