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Principles of the Constitution

Tom Richey
Tom Richey
Tom RicheyHistory Teacher at Seneca High School (SC)

This presentation provides a brief introduction to the principles of the United States Constitution, including federalism, the enumerated powers, separation of powers, checks and balances, and the limitation of government power by the Bill of Rights.

Principles of the Constitution

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PRINCIPLES
of the Constitution
Tyranny
No One Wants This.
A Constitution
LIMITS
Government
PREVENTS
Tyranny
Photo by Chrishna
Limiting the Government
Federal States
Photo by Habibah Agianda
Federalism
Checks & Balances
The Bill of Rights
The federal government has to share
power with state governments.
No one person or group within the
federal government has complete
control of the government.
The scope of government is restricted
to protect the rights of the people.
Federal
Government
State
Governments
Two Levels of
Government that
share power
Federal States
Map by Lokal_Profil
What do all federal
states have in common?

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Principles of the Constitution

  • 4. Limiting the Government Federal States Photo by Habibah Agianda Federalism Checks & Balances The Bill of Rights The federal government has to share power with state governments. No one person or group within the federal government has complete control of the government. The scope of government is restricted to protect the rights of the people.
  • 6. Federal States Map by Lokal_Profil What do all federal states have in common?
  • 7. Federal States Map by Lokal_Profil Every federal government’s power is limited.
  • 8. “The powers delegated by the proposed Constitution to the federal government, are few and defined. Those which are to remain in the State governments are numerous and indefinite.” -- James Madison Federalist No. 45 Source: http://www.constitution.org/fed/federa45.htm
  • 9. FEDERALISM Federal State Sovereignty is constitutionally divided between a central authority and states. DELEGATED Powers CONCURRENT Powers RESERVED Powers Powers given to the Federal Government Powers kept by the states and people Powers shared by both levels of Government
  • 10. Delegated Reserved Federalism Concurrent Admit New States Coin Money Collect Tariffs Declare War Education Establish CourtsWeights and Measures Foreign Policy Establish Local Governments Army and Navy Marriage Laws National Defense Immigration and Naturalization Organize and Maintain Militia Propose Constitutional Amendments Ratify Constitutional Amendments Punish Treason Regulate Foreign Trade Regulate Interstate Commerce Regulate Intrastate Commerce Taxation & Everything Else
  • 11. Federalist No. 39 (Madison) “The Conformity of the Plan to Republican Principles” Is the government created by the Constitution a national government or a federal government? Source: http://www.constitution.org/fed/federa45.htm
  • 12. Federalist 39 NATIONAL FEDERAL Ratification Congress Electoral College Powers of the government Operation of the government Amendments X X X X X SenateHouse
  • 13. MADISON’S POINT: Although the government created by the Constitution is national in some respects, it remains federal in most respects. Source: http://www.constitution.org/fed/federa45.htm
  • 14. Montesquieu –French Philosopher –The Spirit of the Laws (1748) Separation of Powers
  • 15. LEGISLATIVE EXECUTIVE JUDICIAL (Congress) (President) (Supreme Court) MAKES Laws ENFORCES Laws JUDGES Laws Three Branches of Government
  • 17. Checks and Balances Each branch has “checks” that help it to “balance” its power with the other branches.Photo by UpstateNYer Photo by Martin Falbisoner Photo by 350z33 #REKT This keeps any branch from becoming dominant over the others.
  • 18. The Veto President checks Congress’ legislative power • From Latin: “I Forbid” • 2/3 Vote of Both Houses to Override – 1845 – First Veto Overridden For more info on presidential vetoes CLICK HERE Photo by UpstateNYer
  • 19. Confirmation Hearings The Senate must confirm all presidential appointments of cabinet members, federal judges, foreign ambassadors, and other high officials.
  • 20. LIFERS With the power to decide what the Constitution says.
  • 21. Powers of the Government Which Branch Has The Power? Branch(es) Checked (Could be more than one) Create and pass legislation. Veto bills. Ratify treaties. Appoint Federal judges. Impeachment of federal officials. Confirm presidential appointments. Declare laws unconstitutional. Override Presidential Vetoes. Judges are appointed for life. Appropriate Money. Legislative Legislative Legislative Legislative Legislative Legislative Judicial Judicial Executive Executive Executive / Judicial Executive / Judicial Executive / Judicial Executive / Legislative Executive Executive Judicial Legislative Executive Legislative
  • 22. The Bill of Rights The Bill of Rights was intended to protect the rights of the PEOPLE and the STATES from being violated by the federal government.
  • 24. Amendment I Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press; or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the Government for a redress of grievances. The Right to Free Expression Praying icon designed by Cristiano Zoucas from the Noun Project Speaker icon designed by Magicon from the Noun Project
  • 25. Amendment I RELIGION SPEECH PRESS ASSEMBLY PETITION icon designed byfrom the Noun Project The Right to Free Expression
  • 26. Amendment II A well regulated Militia, being necessary to the security of a free State, the right of the people to keep and bear Arms, shall not be infringed. Pistol icon designed by Misha Petrishchev from the Noun Project The Right to Keep & Bear Arms
  • 27. Amendment IV The right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers, and effects, against unreasonable searches and seizures, shall not be violated… Lock icon designed by Alexander Smith from the Noun Project Protection of Private Property
  • 28. The powers not delegated to the United States by the Constitution, nor prohibited by it to the States, are reserved to the States respectively, or to the people. Amendment X State icons designed by Ted Grajeda from the Noun Project The Rights of the States
  • 29. Limiting the Government Federal States Photo by Habibah Agianda What are the three ways in which the Constitution limits government?
  • 30. Limiting the Government Federal States Photo by Habibah Agianda Federalism Checks & Balances The Bill of Rights The federal government has to share power with state governments. No one person or group within the federal government has complete control of the government. The scope of government is restricted to protect the rights of the people.