Company                                              LOGOIt is not what fields a state competes inthat determines its pros...
Agenda     Introduction     Concept and Development Stages : lesson and learn     - Definition     - Types of Development ...
Introduction    Why need science park, technopolis(teknopolitan),    And innovation clusters?                   Andrew Dea...
Introduction     Technopark originated in 1950 with the wishes of     entrepreneurial minded university academicians in   ...
Introduction     "Business Week" August 18-25, 1997 there are 7,000     electronics and software companies and thousands o...
Introduction     A technology park brings together the government     , the academic community, the business and finan    ...
Introduction In later state, it also called as High-tech clusters , innovation clusters . These type of clusters are high ...
Introduction     Science Park/ Technopolis / Innovation Cl     uster     Regional and national competitiveness is often   ...
Introduction   Important issues: dynamics of their creation and   support mechanisms how effective it can be as   an instr...
IntroductionAccording to the management paradigm (Regis Cabral 1990),  a science park must;   Have access to qualified res...
Introduction     Have a management with established or recognized exper     tise in financial matters, and which has prese...
www.themeart.com               12                   Tommy Monoarfa
Definition of Technopark     is on an appealing land and contains beautiful architectu     ral buildings scattered spatial...
Definition    The concept of "Science Park", "Technopark",    “Business Park", "Technopole", "Technopolis    or Teknopolit...
Definition       While definitions on the subject vary widely, the       definition we would focus on in this study descri...
Definition   Note, however, that not all technology parks will meet all of these char   acteristics and some may contain a...
Science Park : Concept & Development Stages   Key Features of Technopolis Development       Types       Physical chara    ...
Science Park : Property-based Initiative     formal links with a university or other                                      ...
Cambridge science park, UK  Science Parks      Surrey research Park, UK      Dortmund Technology Park, Germanywww.themeart...
Technopolis / Science City : Urbandevelopment• emphasizes the need for a balanced approach• Instead of focusing only on te...
Technopolis  Tsukuba science city, Japan      Hsinchu science park, Taiwanwww.themeart.com                                ...
Innovation ClusterKey word : Innovation Network Innovation networking within clusters aims to increase innov ative capacit...
Innovation ClusterInstitutional framework www.themeart.com         23
Innovation Cluster: Another Example www.themeart.com                     24
www.themeart.com   25
Function and Elements of Science Park      Main Function                   ElementsR&D                   HEI, Public R&D, ...
www.themeart.com   27
www.themeart.com   28
Benchmarkingwww.themeart.com   29
www.themeart.com   30
ZONING : Daedeok Innopolis           5           4www.themeart.com              31
Daedeok : R & D Facilities in DSTwww.themeart.com                     32
www.themeart.com   33
Daedeok Techno Valleywww.themeart.com        34
Daedeok Innopolis: Integrated developmentwww.themeart.com                              35
Daedeok : From DST to DIwww.themeart.com             36
Daedeok : From DST to DI www.themeart.com          37
Daedeok : strategic milestone www.themeart.com               38
Daedeok : strategic milistone www.themeart.com               39
www.themeart.com   40
Stages of DevelopmentBy using Daedeok Innopolis as selected benchmark,The proposed stage of development for Teknopolitanwo...
1st stage of development - initial    R&D       Public R&D                                              Technology        ...
1st stage of development     1st stage contains three main functions: R&D, Business and     Infrastructure. Management is ...
1st stage of developmentFunctional Features   Function                         Main Features                              ...
1st stage of development Main objectives in the 1st stage of the Teknopolitan devp. are: - Constructing infrastructure - M...
2nd stage of development                   Technopreneurshipwww.themeart.com                       46
2nd stage of development                   teknopolitanwww.themeart.com                  47
Collaborative R&D schemewww.themeart.com           48
Business technopreneurship/One stop service mechanismManagement & Globalization- Technology Commercialization: the core to...
Functional features                   Teknopolitan                                  Teknopolitanwww.themeart.com          ...
Infrastructure/ManagementInfrastructure- Industrial complex for venture firms and R&Dfacilities to cover the request fromR...
3rd stage of development - mature              Teknopolitan                             Link with MP3EIwww.themeart.com   ...
Teknopolitanwww.themeart.com                  53
www.themeart.com   54
www.themeart.com   55
References     Asheim, B. & Herstad, S., J. (2005) “Regional innovation systems, varieties of capitalis     m and non-loca...
www.themeart.com   57
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Concept of "Teknopolitan"

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Concept of "Teknopolitan"

  1. 1. Company LOGOIt is not what fields a state competes inthat determines its prosperity, but howproductively it competes (Michael Porter) Tommy Monoarfa PPKDT-BPPT
  2. 2. Agenda Introduction Concept and Development Stages : lesson and learn - Definition - Types of Development : science park, technopolis, innovation cluster Analysis Framework - Functions and elements of science park development - Analysis Framework Case Study: Daedeok Innopolis Teknopolitan: The Proposed concept of Development Financing Teknopolitan activities (next presentation)www.themeart.com 2 Tommy Monoarfa
  3. 3. Introduction Why need science park, technopolis(teknopolitan), And innovation clusters? Andrew Dearing, “Enabling Europe to innovate”, SCIENCE, 19 January 2007 Competitiveness depends on the created assets such as a highly skilled/educated and flexible workforce and appropriate supporting infrastructure (SW/HW) like STPs, Technopolises, and Innovation Clusters, and States or regions compete to offer the most productive environment for businesswww.themeart.com 3 Tommy Monoarfa
  4. 4. Introduction Technopark originated in 1950 with the wishes of entrepreneurial minded university academicians in the U.S.A. who wanted to convert their knowledge and R&D findings into economical values namely production and marketing. The first technopark was founded with the leaders hip of Stanford University in California. Today it’s famously known as Silicon Valley which employ ed about 200,000 highly qualified people earning high salaries work in designing and producing high added value productswww.themeart.com 4 Tommy Monoarfa
  5. 5. Introduction "Business Week" August 18-25, 1997 there are 7,000 electronics and software companies and thousands of startups, with 11 companies being created every week all in 80 km long technology corridor. on average, a Valley company went public every 5 days , making 62 millionaires every day. Creating new knowledge that will lead to new inventions and innovations which attracting investors’s attention and accumulate their support in order to add economical value.www.themeart.com 5 Tommy Monoarfa
  6. 6. Introduction A technology park brings together the government , the academic community, the business and finan cial sector (triple helix) in a well planned develop ment which integrates all necessary facilities su ch as commercial buildings, research facilities, resi dences, recreational areas, hotels and conference centers.www.themeart.com 6 Tommy Monoarfa
  7. 7. Introduction In later state, it also called as High-tech clusters , innovation clusters . These type of clusters are high technology oriented business environment, well suited to the knowledge economy, and typica lly have a core renowned university and research centers like in silicon valley .www.themeart.com 7 Tommy Monoarfa
  8. 8. Introduction Science Park/ Technopolis / Innovation Cl uster Regional and national competitiveness is often decided by these Science park / Technopolis / Innovation clusters which will be provided with an applicability for development policy and insight to regional and national competitivenesswww.themeart.com 8 Tommy Monoarfa
  9. 9. Introduction Important issues: dynamics of their creation and support mechanisms how effective it can be as an instrument of regional innovation policy and for stimulating technology-led economic deve lopment Science parks are mainly local initiatives, backed by the management of towns, cities and economic regions. This “bottom-up” approach makes defining national policy in this area more difficult.www.themeart.com 9 Tommy Monoarfa
  10. 10. IntroductionAccording to the management paradigm (Regis Cabral 1990), a science park must; Have access to qualified research and development personnel in the areas of knowledge in which the park has its identity. Be able to market its high valued products and services. Have the capability to provide marketing expertise and managerial skills to firms, particularly SME which lacking such a resource. Be inserted in a society that allows for the protection of product or process secrets, via patents, security or any other means. Be able to select or reject which firms enter the park. The firms business plan is expected to be coherent with the science park identity. Have a clear identity, quite often expressed symbolically, as the parks name choice, its logo or the management discourse.www.themeart.com 10
  11. 11. Introduction Have a management with established or recognized exper tise in financial matters, and which has presented long term economic development plans. Have the backing of powerful, dynamic and stable econom ic actors, such as a funding agency, political institution or local university Include in its management an active person of vision, with power of decision and with high and visible profile, who is perceived by relevant actors in society as embodying the interface between academia and industry, long-term plans and good management. Include a prominent percentage of consultancy firms, as well as technical service firms, including laboratories and quality control firmswww.themeart.com 11
  12. 12. www.themeart.com 12 Tommy Monoarfa
  13. 13. Definition of Technopark is on an appealing land and contains beautiful architectu ral buildings scattered spatially where carefully selected science and technology or R&D companies function, for new or applied research, conducts joint R&D with renowned close-by universities profiting extensively from their technological resources, realizes strong technology transfer among universities, research laboratories and industry, systematically draws support from the technoparks ma- nagement in order to develop its management skills, finds solutions to financing at all levels of the innovation process, and makes extensive use of all modern office facilities and consulting services.www.themeart.com 13 Tommy Monoarfa
  14. 14. Definition The concept of "Science Park", "Technopark", “Business Park", "Technopole", "Technopolis or Teknopolitan", “Science City" "Technology Zone", "Silicon Valley", "Technology Corridor “ represents different meanings for the organizing committees, managers and the size and needs of the countries.www.themeart.com 14 Tommy Monoarfa
  15. 15. Definition While definitions on the subject vary widely, the definition we would focus on in this study describ es a "technology park" as one that at generally provides: 1. linked with educational or research institutions 2. infrastructure and support services for busines ses, particularly real estate and office space, etc 3. performs a technology transfer function 4. performs an economic development functionwww.themeart.com 15
  16. 16. Definition Note, however, that not all technology parks will meet all of these char acteristics and some may contain additional functions. As the British Co uncils explains in their definition, “The term Science Park can encompa ss a range of initiatives which can vary greatly, even within any one cou ntry. There is thus no question of a rigid definition or of a single transfe rable model being appropriate throughout the world." For example, in 1993 in the United States, the average technology park has 200 acres, over 200,000 square feet of buildings, 12 tenant compan ies, 300 employees and a $250,000 operating budget. Parks outside the United States often are smaller in size and can be found in a variety of s ettings, from sprawling green spaces in rural areas to "vertical parks" in high rise buildings in larger cities. To date, there are 212 technology p arks that are members of the International Association of Science Parks and 295 members of the Association of University Research Parks.www.themeart.com 16
  17. 17. Science Park : Concept & Development Stages Key Features of Technopolis Development Types Physical chara Focus Examples cteristics Science/Techn Creation of new Basic R&D Tsukuba Japan, o Park settlement (rese Daedeok science arch centers, ne Town, Korea (‘80 w town) -’90) Technopolis Creation of new High-tech Produc Kumonoto – Jap settlement includ tion an, Sophia Antip ing production a olis, France, Dae ctivity deok scince Tow n Korea (98-200 5) Innovation clu Cluster developme Innovative and ent Daedeok Innopolis nt of Technopolis a reprenurial cluster ,Korea (2005-), sili ster nd science park in in the region con valey, USAwww.themeart.com the region 17
  18. 18. Science Park : Property-based Initiative formal links with a university or other Research core higher educational and research institution • encourage the formation and growth of knowledge-based businesses on high value ad ded firms, and other organizations normally re sidents on site R&D University • management function which is center HEI’s actively engaged in the transfer of technology and business skills to the organizations on site At the heart of the park, there is a combination of physical facilities and a well- balanced portfolio of service providers to support the creation of a collaborative environment in which the three major components can generate new value.www.themeart.com 18
  19. 19. Cambridge science park, UK Science Parks Surrey research Park, UK Dortmund Technology Park, Germanywww.themeart.com 19
  20. 20. Technopolis / Science City : Urbandevelopment• emphasizes the need for a balanced approach• Instead of focusing only on technology it involves the creation of new settlement, completed with research park, new universities, technology centers, housing and cultural/social facilities (Tatsuno, 1986)• larger in scale and often linked to the development of infrastructure and facilities on the new town model whereas science parks are more limited in scope (Masser, 1991 ; Oh, 1997)• more production oriented than science parks• have both national and regional objectiveswww.themeart.com 20 Tommy Monoarfa
  21. 21. Technopolis Tsukuba science city, Japan Hsinchu science park, Taiwanwww.themeart.com 21 Research Triangle Park, USA Sophia Antipolis, France
  22. 22. Innovation ClusterKey word : Innovation Network Innovation networking within clusters aims to increase innov ative capacity and fostering industries for regional and nation al competitiveness. An Integrated approach to create the necessary institutional capacity for inno vation cluster development is required, it covers the followings: - The promotion of new technology areas. - The setting up of science parks and agencies, software centers, transportation/l ogistic infrastructure, ICT or data highways infrastructure - The establishment of technology transfer centers - Technology centers (TBI) to support business start-ups (PPBT) - Financial and Technology aid schemes to support SME’s - Joint research project between SMEs, technology transfer centers, and other fir ms.www.themeart.com 22 Tommy Monoarfa
  23. 23. Innovation ClusterInstitutional framework www.themeart.com 23
  24. 24. Innovation Cluster: Another Example www.themeart.com 24
  25. 25. www.themeart.com 25
  26. 26. Function and Elements of Science Park Main Function ElementsR&D HEI, Public R&D, Private R&D, Collaborati ve R&D, Technology CommercializationBusiness & Networked Entrepreneurship, Incubating, VentureEntrepreneurship Capital, NetworkingManagement & Globali Training Program, Financial Aid, Marke-zation ting, Property for rent, GlobalizationInfrastructure Land-use, R&D facilities, Business facilit ies, Mgt facilities, Housing & settlementwww.themeart.com 26
  27. 27. www.themeart.com 27
  28. 28. www.themeart.com 28
  29. 29. Benchmarkingwww.themeart.com 29
  30. 30. www.themeart.com 30
  31. 31. ZONING : Daedeok Innopolis 5 4www.themeart.com 31
  32. 32. Daedeok : R & D Facilities in DSTwww.themeart.com 32
  33. 33. www.themeart.com 33
  34. 34. Daedeok Techno Valleywww.themeart.com 34
  35. 35. Daedeok Innopolis: Integrated developmentwww.themeart.com 35
  36. 36. Daedeok : From DST to DIwww.themeart.com 36
  37. 37. Daedeok : From DST to DI www.themeart.com 37
  38. 38. Daedeok : strategic milestone www.themeart.com 38
  39. 39. Daedeok : strategic milistone www.themeart.com 39
  40. 40. www.themeart.com 40
  41. 41. Stages of DevelopmentBy using Daedeok Innopolis as selected benchmark,The proposed stage of development for Teknopolitanwould be as followings: 1st Stage: initial - Science park model 2nd Stage: growing - Technopolis model 3rd Stage: mature - Innovation Cluster modelwww.themeart.com 41
  42. 42. 1st stage of development - initial R&D Public R&D Technology Institutes Business Basic and Applied Research Incubator Spin off HEI’s Starup firms Infrastructure/Management Land Allocation/Housing and Settlement: Physical planning of Teknopolitan: Zoning, Land-use etc Teknopolitan Adminstrative Office: Limited management, Adminstration and maintenancewww.themeart.com 42
  43. 43. 1st stage of development 1st stage contains three main functions: R&D, Business and Infrastructure. Management is only limited to infrastructure- related service Research & Development - HEIs and public R&D centers: the main role of development. - Public research institutes focused on conducting national R&D projects. Private R&D institutes formed a hierarchical relationshi p with their mother firms and concentrated on R&D Business & networked Teknopreneurship - Business incubation is limited to start-ups in labs of HEIs or R&D institutes (the Daedeok Science Town focused on non- industrial basic science activities in the initial stage)www.themeart.com 43
  44. 44. 1st stage of developmentFunctional Features Function Main Features Key Role R&D -- HEI’s: a leading role of basic/applied research HEI’s natio -- Public Institutes: Govt. Research Institute, to incre nal R&D ce ase national capacity in science and technology, major nter R&D projects supported by national government Business - Technology transfer and commercialization Activities Spin-offs - Venture firms (PPBT) that orginated from labs in HE & I’s From Networked Entrepreneurship R&D labs Infrastructure - TAO: a limited management office Mngt Formed by Government, managing and operating the teknopolitan Office - Zoning ordinance for R&D (RUTR) - Housing and settlementwww.themeart.com 44
  45. 45. 1st stage of development Main objectives in the 1st stage of the Teknopolitan devp. are: - Constructing infrastructure - Managing and operating the Science Park - Constructing institutional infrastructurewww.themeart.com 45
  46. 46. 2nd stage of development Technopreneurshipwww.themeart.com 46
  47. 47. 2nd stage of development teknopolitanwww.themeart.com 47
  48. 48. Collaborative R&D schemewww.themeart.com 48
  49. 49. Business technopreneurship/One stop service mechanismManagement & Globalization- Technology Commercialization: the core topic of sustainable growth ofhigh-tech venture firms: service activity,technology marketing,technology management,technology commercialization,advertisement of products,- financial aid for venture firms,marketing services,institutional support,various equipments,facilities (Teknopolitan)www.themeart.com One stop service mechanism: technopreneurship49
  50. 50. Functional features Teknopolitan Teknopolitanwww.themeart.com 50
  51. 51. Infrastructure/ManagementInfrastructure- Industrial complex for venture firms and R&Dfacilities to cover the request fromR&D centers for technology commercialization.- Accessibility to the service facilities of quality oflife (housing and community facilities)- The integration of cultural society(emphasized to make best use ofmother town’s infrastructure)www.themeart.com 51
  52. 52. 3rd stage of development - mature Teknopolitan Link with MP3EIwww.themeart.com 52
  53. 53. Teknopolitanwww.themeart.com 53
  54. 54. www.themeart.com 54
  55. 55. www.themeart.com 55
  56. 56. References Asheim, B. & Herstad, S., J. (2005) “Regional innovation systems, varieties of capitalis m and non-local relations: challenges from the globalising economy” in R.A. Boschma & R.C. Kloosterman (eds) Learning from clusters: a critical assessment from an econo mic-geographical perspective, Dordrecht: Springer. Dahlstrand, A. L. and Jacobsson, S. (2003) “Universities and technology-based entrep reneurship in the Gothenburg region” Local Economy SHARING OF KOREAS STP EXPERIENCE: Daedeok Innopolis- STP program brochure Science parks in China: a cautionary exploration: Stuart Macdonald, Yunfeng Deng Regional Reasearch Intensive Clusters and science parks- European Commissio, Direct orat Generale for Reaseach,2008 Kyungbuk Technopark, Yeungnam University (Korea) http://www.yeungnam.ac.kr/en glish/research-3.html United Kingdom Science Park Association, http://www.ukspa.org.uk/ Jennifer Hillner, “Skunk works, startups, and hungry VCs are making these 46 hubs th e hot spots of the global high tech network,” kolom Venture Capital dari majalah Wire d, edisi 8.07, July 2000. http://www.wired.com/wired/archive/8.07/silicon.htmlwww.themeart.com 56
  57. 57. www.themeart.com 57

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