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Socialforum2011 04-02

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Internet Freedom and Technology, Social Forum, Helsinki 2011-04-02

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Socialforum2011 04-02

  1. 1. Internet Freedom and Technology tommi.karttaavi@isoc.fi
  2. 2. Repressive governments and the Internet● Many ways to stifle activism and dissidence on-line ● Censorship ● Blocking ● Tracking ● Disinformation and propaganda ● Intimidation ● Malware and hacking ● Cutting connections altogether
  3. 3. Are Google, Facebook and Twitter activists best friends?● Companies are in it for the money, saving the world is not on their agenda● Microsoft, Google, Yahoo! and other companies have cooperated with the Chinese government in implementing a system of internet censorship in mainland China● Several Chinese dissidents have been sentenced to long prison terms with cooperation from Yahoo!
  4. 4. How to be an on-line freedom fighter and get away with it?● The same technologies that help activists organize themselves can also be used against them● Internet service providers or a social networking sites may be legally obligated to disclose user information to the authorities● Identities can also be revealed indirectly by combining data from social networks and public records● Technologies exist to provide anonymity and circumvent censorship ● Distributed social networks ● Anonymity networks ● Ad hoc networking
  5. 5. Diaspora● Distributed social networking service, providing a decentralized alternative to social network services like Facebook● Users can set up their own server (or "pod") to host content● Pods can interact to share status updates, photographs and other social data● Allows users to host their data with a traditional web host, a cloud based host, an ISP, or a friend● https://joindiaspora.com/
  6. 6. Tor anonymity network● Composed of client software and a network of servers● Client is based on open source and the network is free to use● Protects users personal freedom, privacy, and ability to conduct confidential business, by keeping their internet activities from being monitored● hides communication patterns by relaying data through volunteer servers● Also able to evade many internet censorship systems● https://www.torproject.org
  7. 7. Freenet● Decentralized, censorship-resistant distributed data store● Creates a private network where users can create websites, share files and send/receive emails between other members of the network● Content is hosted by sharing it amongst users of the network● Users cannot select what content they host, and it is stored in an encrypted form● https://freenetproject.org/
  8. 8. Psiphon● Web proxy designed to help Internet users securely bypass the content-filtering systems used to censor the internet● No centralized control; hard to block but also hard for a user to find a server● No additional software needed● http://psiphon.ca/
  9. 9. Ad hoc networking● A wireless ad hoc network is a decentralized type of wireless network● Does not rely on a preexisting infrastructure, such as routers in wired networks or access points in managed (infrastructure) wireless networks● Each node participates in routing by forwarding data for other nodes, and so the determination of which nodes forward data is made dynamically based on the network connectivity● http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wireless_ad_hoc_network
  10. 10. Netsukuku● Experimental peer-to-peer routing system, created to build up a distributed network● Anonymous and censorship-free● Fully independent but not necessarily separated from Internet● No need for servers or Internet service providers● No central authority, no backbone router or any routing equipment other than normal network interface cards● http://netsukuku.freaknet.org/
  11. 11. Delay tolerant networking● Background in ad-hoc and wireless networking development starting from the 70s● Later driven by the Interplanetary Internet research iniative● Could be used in a situation where existing internet connections are down● http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Delay-tolerant_networking
  12. 12. Thank you! Contact: tommi.karttaavi@isoc.fi

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