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Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde IPCC and the Double Logic of International Expertise

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Presentation at the 4S-EASST 2016 Conference (http://www.sts2016bcn.org)

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Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde IPCC and the Double Logic of International Expertise

  1. 1. 4sBarcelona-2September-2016 IPCCandtheDoubleLogicofInternationalExpertise KaridePryck,TommasoVenturini,AudreyBaneyx UniversitedeGeneve,King’sCollegeLondon,SciencesPoParis
  2. 2. AImandplanofthepresentation 1. Brief presentation of the IPCC and the stakes around the representation of developing countries and regions 2. Presentation of the database of IPCC scientific participations (not members) 3. Preliminary results a. Developed vs developing country representation b. Regional representation
  3. 3. Afewthingstoknow Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change 5 Assessment Reports AR1 (1990) AR2 (1995) AR3 (2001) AR4 (2007) AR5 (2014) 3 Working Groups WG I WG II WG III assesses the physical scientific assesses the vulnerability of assesses options for mitigating aspects of the climate system socio-economic and natural climate change through limiting and climate change systems to climate change or preventing GHG emissions and consequences of climate change enhancing activities removing them and options for adapting to it 3 types of role IPCC Bureau Selected Authors Invited Authors IPCC Chair and Vice-Chairs Lead Authors (LA) Contributing Authors (CA) WG/TF Co-Chairs and Vice-chairs Contributing Lead Authors (CLA) Review editors (RE)
  4. 4. Afewthingstoknow Scientific representation in the IPCC The Bureau Scientists elected by the Panel. Mainly answers to criteria of ● North/South representation ● geographical representation following WMO regions Selected roles for chapters “The composition of the group of Coordinating Lead Authors and Lead Authors for a chapter, a report or its summary shall aim to reflect: ● the range of scientific, technical and socio-economic views and expertise; ● geographical representation (ensuring appropriate representation of experts from developing and developed countries and countries with economies in transition); there should be at least one and normally two or more from developing countries; ● a mixture of experts with and without previous experience in IPCC; ● gender balance.” (IPCC, 2013, p. 5-6) Invited authors for chapters No requirements
  5. 5. Whyisrepresentationimportant?
  6. 6. Methodology
  7. 7. Generaltrends ● Increase in the number of participations ● WG1 > WG2 > WG3 (except AR2) ● For WG1, invited > selected ● For WG2 and WG3, selected > invited
  8. 8. 1.North/South-generalevolution
  9. 9. North/South-rolebalance
  10. 10. North/Southbalance-roles’evolution CLA + RE + LA ● Except for AR1, rather stable participation ratio for developed/developing countries CABureau
  11. 11. North/Southbalanceinworkinggroups ● WG1 is the least balanced working group ● Unbalance is higher for invited roles
  12. 12. Top10IPCCcountries Countries CLA + RE + LA USA 817 UK 321 Australia 173 Germany 171 Canada 151 China 149 Japan 143 India 140 France 126 Netherlands 111 Countries CA USA 1538 UK 591 Germany 344 Australia 259 Canada 245 N/A 217 France 159 Switzerland 134 Japan 122 Netherlands 121 Countries Bureau Brazil 6 USA 6 Australia 5 Canada 5 China 5 Japan 5 Russian Federation 5 UK 5 Argentina, Cuba, France, Germany, India, Netherlands, Saudi Arabia 4
  13. 13. Mostactivecountries All other countries UK USA All other developing South Africa Brasil India China
  14. 14. 2.Regionalrepresentation
  15. 15. Negotiatingblocks-Groupingsevolution 1,6%
  16. 16. Furtherwork
  17. 17. Conclusion ● Persistence over time of asymmetry between developing and developed country (higher in WGI than in WGII and WGIII); ● This asymmetry tends to decrease in the highest roles of the IPCC, (particularly the Bureau) due to the rules set by the IPCC to enhance the participation of developing countries. However, when such rules do not apply (CA), the asymmetry grows. ● The IPCC remains dominated by a few countries (Western countries; US and UK - 39%) among developing countries, the IPCC is dominated by BASIC countries - 48% ● The regional balance is also asymmetrical in the IPCC ● However, it is less asymmetrical than other categorizations (e.g UN regions and UNFCCC grouping)
  18. 18. ThankYou! KaridePryck,TommasoVenturini,AudreyBaneyx

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