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Controversies Communication


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Controversies Communication

  1. 1. Communicating Controversiessome examples from the climate debateand the EMAPS/MEDEA projectsTommaso
  2. 2. Who is to decideon technoscience?
  3. 3. « It is controversies of this kind, the hardest controversies todisentangle, that the public is called in to judge. Where the factsare most obscure, where precedents are lacking, where noveltyand confusion pervade everything, the public in all its unfitness iscompelled to make its most important decisions » (p. 121).Here comes thepublicWalter Lippmann, 1925The Phantom Public
  4. 4. Controversy mappingparadoxObserve controversies in their full complexityProvide the public with a readable description
  5. 5. The one thing I’ve learnt fromcontroversy mapping
  6. 6. 3 types of controversiesComplexity(n° of positions)Dynamism(positions change)Blocked controversiesStructured controversiesEmerging controversies
  7. 7. The end of Nature
  8. 8. The end of Nature
  9. 9. 3 controversieson climateExistence & Attribution1. Are we changing the climate?Mitigation2. How do we fight climate change?Adaptation3. How do we adapt to climate change?
  10. 10. 1. Are we changing theclimate?
  11. 11. The dark side of controversymapping
  12. 12. George MarshallInstitute
  13. 13. How to stall regulation withcontroversiesMix equal parts of:Relativismaddress the media claiming equal attention for all positionsConstructivismdescribe research uncertainties, complexities and connectionPositivismdemand scientific truth to be certain, consensual, independent
  14. 14. Is there controversy?Yale & Gallup, 2007
  15. 15. Opinion changeIs there solid evidence the earth is warming? Research Center(Octobre, 2010)
  16. 16. Talk-show neutrality
  17. 17. Wikipedia neutrality
  18. 18. Second-degree neutralityGive viewpoints visibility according to• their representativeness• their influence• their interest
  19. 19. Representingviewpoints
  20. 20. 2. How do we fight climatechange?
  21. 21. United Nations Framework Convention onClimate Change
  22. 22. International Panel on ClimateChange
  23. 23. Controversy MappingNorthPoleJapanseariseTuvalubiodiversityCO2emissionscarbonmarketIPCCclimatemodelspeak2009, UNFCCCOP15 Copenhagen
  24. 24. Mapping an existingterritory
  25. 25. Mapping achanging territory
  26. 26. 3. How do we adapt toclimate change?
  27. 27. The public consists of all those who are affected by the indirectconsequences of transactions (pp. 16-17).In no two ages or places is there the same public. (p. 33).It is not that there is no public... There is too much public, apublic too diffused and scattered and too intricate in composition.And there are too many publics (p. 137)The Public and itsProblem John Dewey, 1946
  28. 28. digital methods & information designObserve controversies in their fullcomplexityProvide the public with readabledescriptions
  29. 29. EMAPS + MEDEA2011-2014
  30. 30. EMAPS + MEDEAEMAPSElectronic Maps To Assist Public ScienceEU, Framework Program 7, Science in SocietyMEDEAMapping Environmental DEbate on AdaptationANR, Changements Environnementaux Planétaireset Sociétés (CEP&S)2011-2014
  31. 31. EMAPS Role MEDEASciences Po médialab coordination Sciences Po médialabInstitute of Spatial Planning, DortmundUniversity scientific expertiseLaboratoire des Sciences du Climat etEnvironnementPolitecnico di Milano, DensityDesign design &developmentENSADBarcelona MediamathematicalanalysisDMI, University of Amsterdamdigital expertiseThe Young Foundation public debateParterns
  32. 32. TimelinesNovember 2011November 2014
  33. 33.
  34. 34.
  35. 35. tommaso.venturini@sciences-po.frVenturini, T. (2010)Diving in Magma: how to explore controversies with actor-network theoryPublic Understanding of Science, 19(3), 258Venturini, T. (forthcoming)Building on Faults: how to represent controversies with digital methodsPublic Understanding of Science