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A How-To Guide for Communities presentation v3 copy

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A How-To Guide for Communities presentation v3 copy

  1. 1. ! Conduc(ng!a!Street!Light!Inventory! A"How&To"Guide"" " " " Tom!Konrad,!Ph.D.,!Marbletown!Environmental!Conserva(on!Commission! Kevin!Harjes,!MidDHudson!Street!Light!Consor(um! !
  2. 2. Goals! •  Prepare!your!municipality!for!a!greener! alterna(ve!to!conven(onal!street!ligh(ng,! which!offers!savings!of!up!to!65%.!!! •  Design!an!op(mal!ligh(ng!plan!to!enhance! pedestrian!and!vehicular!safety.! •  Verify!billing!re:!number,!waNage!of! streetlights!to!save!money.! •  Recover!from!past!overbilling.! !
  3. 3. Why?!! •  Design!process!helps!ensure!community! acceptance!of!LEDs!conversion!process.! •  Can!be!used!as!basis!for!future!projects!or! changes.! •  Coordinated!planning!reduces!costs.! !
  4. 4. Savings!Poten(al! •  LED!technology:!More!visibility!with!fewer! waNs.! •  More!direct,!less!diffuse!‘down’!light.!! •  BeNer!visibility!for!first!responders.! •  Requires!only!35%!of!HPS!fixture!waNage.! – Or!15%!of!MV!waNage.! !
  5. 5. LED!Technology! • !Less!light!pollu(on!(‘Dark!Sky’! !compliant)!! • !!Op(onal!op(cal!controls!offer! !adjustable!light!! !!! !! !
  6. 6. Addi(onal!Savings! ! Lower!maintenance!cost!is!key!feature! – !10!to!20!year!life!expectancy! – !Failure!rate!exceedingly!low! City!of!Los!Angeles!has!had!.8%! failure!rate!since!2011!conversion.!
  7. 7. PreDLED!Conversion!Tools! •  Street!light!field!inventory.! –  Collect!informa(on!including!GPS!loca(on!and!type!of! fixture.! •  ArcGIS!data!collec(on.! –  Accurate!and!simple!method!of!organizing!inventory! informa(on.! •  ‘Paper’!audit!(ader!inventory)! –  Verifies!what!municipality!is!currently!paying;! iden(fies!overbilling.!Refunds!virtually!guaranteed.! !
  8. 8. Paper!Audit! •  U(lity’s!inventory!of!streetlights!is!oden! inaccurate.!! •  Overcharging!results!from!lights!that!are! burned!out!and!never!replaced;!lights!that! actually!belong!to!another!en(ty;!incorrect! repor(ng!of!waNages.! ! !!
  9. 9. Paper!Audits,!cont’d! •  Computel!Consultants,!Troy!&!Banks!both! specialize!in!iden(fying!and!correc(ng! overcharges!on!electric!bills.! •  Iden(fy!cost!discrepancies.! •  No!upfront!cost!to!retain;!con(ngency!basis.! •  Law!allows!six!years’!worth!of!bills!to!be!reD visited!for!errors.! ! !
  10. 10. When!overcharging!is!found:! •  A!refund!is!nego(ated!with!u(lity.! •  Auditors!take!40%!of!refund!as!payment.! •  Future!bills!are!reduced.!
  11. 11. Streetlight!Field!Inventory! •  Field!inventory!of!municipality’s!streetlights! allows!you!to!plan!op(mal!placement!of!new! LEDs!depending!on!usage:!residen(al!vs.! commercial;!areas!of!high!pedestrian/vehicle! conflict,!etc.! •  Individual!lights!can!be!considered!for! reduc(on!or!removal.! !
  12. 12. Gelng!started! •  Step!1:!Acquire!inventory!from!u(lity! •  Some!u(li(es!provide!GPS!loca(ons!for! streetlights.!!! •  Some!provide!only!the!name!of!the!road.! – GPS!loca(ons!or!street!address!can!be!obtained! by!volunteers!and!cross!referenced!with!pole! numbers.!
  13. 13. Mapping:!Free!or!Professional?! •  Streetlight!data!should!be!mapped!using!GIS! mapping!sodware!such!as!ArcGIS.! •  Larger!municipali(es!will!likely!have!a!paid!ArcGIS! account!and!staff!familiar!with!the!sodware.! – Can!provide!smartphone!app!for!data!logging!if! provided!type!of!data!to!be!collected.! – Smaller!municipali(es!can!use!free!online!version,! but!data!will!have!to!be!entered!manually.!! – Manual!process!is!described!in!following!slides.!
  14. 14. Assemble!team! •  Step!2:!Gather!volunteers!or!staff!to!conduct!a! field!inventory.! – Individuals!will!visit!each!streetlight!and!record! important!informa(on.! – Iden(fy!most!computerDsavvy!individual(s)!to! assemble!and!manage!collected!data!in! spreadsheet!and!upload!into!mapping!sodware.! !
  15. 15. ! ! Training! !
  16. 16. Equipment!needed!by!volunteers! • Smartphone!or!tablet!with!GPS! capability! DORD! • Auto!nav!system/hiking!GPS! • Digital!camera! ! • Tape!measure! • Ability!to!record!observa(ons!and! keep!track!of!pictures.!
  17. 17. Data!collec(on! •  Essen(al!and!easy!to!collect!inventory!info:! – U(lity!pole!number! – Light!fixture!type!(HPS,!MV)! – Size!of!light!(WaNs)! – GPS!loca(on!or!street!address! – Condi(on!of!equipment! – Pedestrian!ac(vity!and!adjacent!land!use!
  18. 18. Addi(onal!data! •  Addi(onal!helpful!info:! – Proximity!to!hazards!such!as!high!voltage!lines! – Moun(ng!height! – Placement!on!pole,!i.e.!u(lity!space!! – Illuminates!a!sidewalk?! – Pole!type! – Roadway!width! – Length!of!arm! – Pole!distance!from!street! !
  19. 19. U(lity!Pole!number! •  Pole!tags!are!yellow! and!may!be!ver(cal! or!horizontal.! •  May!include!leNers! &!numbers!
  20. 20. Light!Fixture!Type!and!Size! •  Number!is!usually! WaNs!/10! •  Color!corresponds!to! light!type! • Yellow:!HPS! • Blue:!MV! • Red:!MH! • White:!LED! • Examples!! –  70W!HPS!“7”!! –  39W!LED!“39!LED”!
  21. 21. Light!Fixture!Type!and!Size! • There!are!always!excep(ons,!esp.!older!fixtures.! • Missing!s(ckers! • Just!record!what!you!see.! • 175W!broken!MV!fixture!shown!here!says!“175W,! 120V”!if!it!was!blue,!it!has!faded.!
  22. 22. Loca(on! •  Use!smart!phone!or!auto/personal!naviga(on! system!to!determine!GPS!coordinates.! •  If!volunteer!does!not!have!ability!to!collect! GPS!data,!street!address!can!be!used!with! Google!maps!to!accurately!pinpoint!light.! •  If!using!smartphone!app,!loca(on!data!is! collected!automa(cally.!
  23. 23. Equipment!Condi(on! •  Determining!equipment!condi(on!requires! day!and!night!visits.! – Day!visit:! • Is!light!on?!(Dayburner)! • Is!fixture!damaged!or!full!of!bugs.! – Night!visit:! • Is!light!working?! • Does!light!flicker!or!turn!on!and!off?! • Is!light!as!bright!as!most!other!fixtures!with!same!type! and!WaNage?! !
  24. 24. Dayburner!on!Streetview!
  25. 25. Light!placement!and!local! condi(ons! • If!street!is!not!busy,!road!width!can!be! directly!measured.! – Alterna(vely,!simply!record!number!of!lanes!and! width!of!shoulder.! • Other!details!can!be!recorded!by!taking! photos!of!light!and!surrounding!area.! • Google!Streetview!can!be!useful!to! supplement!these!photos.! • When!taking!pictures,!carefully!record!which! picture!is!which!streetlight.!
  26. 26. Correc(ng!inventory!data! •  Volunteers!recorded!data!in!a!spreadsheet!and! crossDreferenced!with!u(lity!data.! •  Lights!over!driveways!and!parking!lots!are! likely!private!area!ligh(ng.! •  Some!lights!may!not!exist!or!have!different! fixture!types.! Billing!mistakes!are!common!and!grounds!for! a!refund.! Contact!u(lity!and!ask!about!specific! discrepancies.!! !!
  27. 27. Data!Logging!D!The!Easy!Way! ●  Larger!municipali(es!probably!already!have!a! professional!ArcGIS!account.! ○  Ask!staff!familiar!with!ArcGIS!to!create! ●  App!will!prompt!volunteer!for!specific!data,! automa(cally!record!loca(on!of!streetlight! visits,!and!keep!track!of!which!pictures!go! with!which!lights.! !
  28. 28. Data!Logging!D!The!Cheap!Way! ●  Volunteers!need!more!training!on!what!data! to!collect!and!report.! ●  System!needed!to!associate!photos!with!each! streetlight/pole.! ●  Suitable!for!towns!with!fewer!streetlights!(a! few!hundred!at!most.)! ●  Data!should!be!collected!and!organized!in!a! spreadsheet!by!volunteers!familiar!with! spreadsheet!sodware.!
  29. 29. Data!Logging! Lat.% Long.% Pole%% Wa-s% Type% 41.83156! D74.132! 103340! 70! HPS! 41.83184! D74.1337! 103339! 160! MV! •  Inventory!spreadsheet!should!be!converted!to! semicolon!delimited!.csv!format! Commas!and!semicolons!should!not!be!used! in!any!spreadsheet!fields.! •  Converted!spreadsheet!can!then!be!uploaded! into!a!free!ArcGIS!account.! ! !!
  30. 30. ArcGIS! •  Easy!to!use!and!free!sodware!for!organizing! streetlight!field!inventory!data!( hNp://doc.arcgis.com/en/explorer/!).! – Record!keeping.! – Create!streetlight!design.! – Useful!in!communica(ng!with!decisionmakers.! • Use!“Create!Public!Account”!at!hNps:// www.arcgis.com/home/signin.html! ! !
  31. 31. !A!benefit!of!collec(ng!this!informa(on!is!the! opportunity!to!re(re!nonessen(al!streetlights.! Legend% Keep! ! Remove! ! Remove!per! request! ! More! discussion!
  32. 32. Uploading!Data!
  33. 33. Uploading!Data!
  34. 34. Uploading!Data!
  35. 35. And you’re off….
  36. 36. Marbletown!Case!Study! •  Once!a!GIS!map!of!lights!was!ready,!town! residents!were!asked!for!opinions!on!removing! streetlights.! •  Many!suggested!lights!to!remove!or!dim.! •  Public!hearings!were!held!to!make!these! decisions.! •  3!misbilled!streetlights!found,!$5500! recovered!from!u(lity,!22!lights!were! removed,!2!new!LED!lights!added.!
  37. 37. Ques(ons! Tom!Konrad,!Ph.D.,!CFA®! Chair,!Marbletown!Environmental!Conserva(on! Commission!(volunteer).! Poryolio!Manager,!The!Green!Global!Equity!Income! Poryolio! Editor,!AltEnergyStocks.com! tom@altenergystocks.com!
  38. 38. Resources! •  hNp://www.naesco.org/buyersDguide#2! •  hNps://www.nyserda.ny.gov/AllDPrograms/ Programs/CleanDEnergyDCommuni(es! •  hNp://energy.gov/eere/ssl/doeDmunicipalDsolidD stateDstreetDligh(ngDconsor(um! •  hNp://www.mapc.org/system/files/bids/Retrofit %20Streetlights%20with%20LEDs.pdf! •  www.arcgis.com! •  hNps://support.google.com/maps/answer/3093484! (Streetview)! ! !
  39. 39. Marbletown!Case!Study! •  Marbletown!completed!inventory!of!80!lights! in!3!weeks.! – 5!volunteers!performed!of!data!collec(on;!90%! done!by!2!of!these.! – Volunteers!spent!an!average!of!20!minutes!at! each!light.! – Data!entry,!checking,!and!mapping!done!by!single! computerDsavvy!volunteer.!

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