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  1. 1. Islam is amonotheisticAbrahamicreligion, based onthe teachings ofprophetMuhammad(S.A.W). AMuslim is aperson thatpractices theIslamic faith. Theword "Islam"means"submission".Their holy bookis called theQuran alsospelledKoran, this istheir Bible, thegod they pray to
  2. 2. For other meanings, including people named Islam, see Islam (disambiguation).Islam (Arabic: al-’islām, pronounced [ʔɪsˈlæˈm]( listen)[note 1]) is the monotheistic religion articulated by the Qur’an, a text considered by its adherents to be the verbatim wordMuslims believe that God is one and incomparable.[3] Muslims also believe that Islam is the complete and universal version of a primordial faith that was revealed at many times andMost Muslims belong to one of two denominations; with 80-90% being Sunni and 10-20% being Shia.[8][9][10] About 13% of Muslims live in Indonesia, the largest Muslim country,[11] 2
  3. 3. Islam is an Arabic word that means “surrender to God.”Believers in Islam are called Muslims, or “those whosurrender." Muslims believe that Muhammad was the lastof a series of holy prophets that includedAbraham, Moses, and Jesus. A prophet is a holymessenger. Christians believe that Jesus is God, whileMuslims believe Allah is the only God and thatMuhammad was his messenger. Allah is an Arabic termthat means "the God" (al-El
  4. 4. 0.015625 77 Islam is not a new religion, but the same truth that God revealed through all His prophets to every people. For a fifth of the worlds population, Islam is both a religion and a complete way of life. Muslims follow a religion of peace, mercy, and forgiveness, and the majority have nothing to do with the extremely grave events which have come to be associated with their faith. A Moroccan in prayer Muslims praying in Jerusalem outside The Dome of the Rock
  5. 5. The Arabian Peninsula the birthplace of Islam is one of thehottest and driest regions in the world, consisting mainly ofdeserts. Since ancient times tribes of the nomadic race hadpopulated the region. Considered the descendents of Noah’sthird son Shem they are called Semites. Over the centuriestheses Semitic people have migrated into the Fertile Crescentand were assimilated to into existing civilizations.In the sixth century AD, north of the Arabian Peninsula twogreat powers were locked in a seesaw power struggle. TheChristian Byzantine kingdom, successors of the Roman Empirewas to the Northwest and controlled the MediterraneanSea, North Africa and the lands of Palestine. In the northeastlay the Zoroastrian Persian kingdom. Both the Byzantine andPersian kingdoms had client Arab tribes allied to their cause oftrade and conquest.