Pathogens And Toxins


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Pathogens And Toxins

  1. 1. Pathogens and Toxins (Booklet) By Tom Hwang
  2. 2. Pathogens and toxins <ul><li>Pathogen: A Pathogen is any agent in the body that causes disease, such as bacteria and viruses. </li></ul><ul><li>Toxins: A poisonous substance produced by living cells or organisms, which can cause disease when it’s introduced to body tissue. </li></ul><ul><li>This is a picture of virus that is pathogen. </li></ul>
  3. 3. H1N1 <ul><li>H1N1(swine flu) is a highly contagious form of flu caused by infection with a virus first found swine. </li></ul><ul><li>We can prevent H1N1 from wearing mask. </li></ul><ul><li>This is a H1N1 virus that is from swine and this is the figure of this virus through the micro scope. </li></ul><ul><li>If you have swine flu then it will cause coughing and sneezing, high fever, breathing difficulties, tiredness, body aches, headaches and vomiting. </li></ul>
  4. 4. H1N1 <ul><li>If you have swine flu some negative effects are: </li></ul><ul><li>Problems with kidney, urinary and fluid balance. </li></ul><ul><li>Invades the respiratory system, maybe leading to asthma. Also it can cause secondary infection / bacteria bronchitis and sometimes on the rare occasion, pneumonia or respiratory failure. </li></ul><ul><li>We can prevent this from: </li></ul><ul><li>-Wear masks. </li></ul><ul><li>-Wash your hands frequently. </li></ul><ul><li>-Don’t touch your face without washing your hands. </li></ul><ul><li>-Be clean/personal hygiene is important . </li></ul><ul><li>-Use your elbow to cough or sneeze. </li></ul><ul><li>-Avoid public places if you feel you may have symptoms. </li></ul><ul><li>We also can prevent H1N1 from washing our hands. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Botulism <ul><li>Botulism is a rare but serious paralytic (unable to move any part of your body) illness caused by the botulinum toxin. It’s produced by bacterium clostridium botulism. It is a fatal disease of the nervous system contracted from spoiled food/food gone bad. </li></ul><ul><li>If botulism enters your body, it will lead to paralysis of breathing and cause respiratory failure. It will also cause paralysis of the muscles and body, leading to total paralysis. You will be unable to move yourself at all. </li></ul><ul><li>This is a picture of botulism from the micro scope. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Botulism <ul><li>If you have botulism some negative effects are: </li></ul><ul><li>Respiratory failure and loss of muscles movement. </li></ul><ul><li>- Eventually the whole body will stop functioning. </li></ul><ul><li>We can prevent this from: </li></ul><ul><li>- Our body can defend against botulism by creating unique antibodies and special vaccines that can be injected via syringe. </li></ul><ul><li>- pressure cooking when preparing food can also prevent botulism. </li></ul>
  7. 7. E.Coli <ul><li>E.Coli is a live bacteria found in rotten food and if eaten will allow the bacteria to invade your body and cause sickness. </li></ul><ul><li>If you have E.Coli then you will get fever, chills, diarrhea, </li></ul><ul><li>vomiting or throwing up. </li></ul><ul><li>This bacteria is a image from micro scope. The E.Coli. </li></ul>
  8. 8. E.Coli <ul><li>If you have E.Coli some negative effects are: </li></ul><ul><li>-Urinary tract infection. </li></ul><ul><li>-H. meningitis. </li></ul><ul><li>Picture of one E.Coli </li></ul><ul><li>We can prevent this from: </li></ul><ul><li>- If we cooked food properly then E.Coli will die. </li></ul><ul><li>- Wash our hands. </li></ul><ul><li>- Avoid swallowing or swimming in water that hasn’t been treated or cleaned. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Nicotine <ul><li>Nicotine is a colorless, oily, water-soluble, highly toxic, liquid alkaloid that is found in tobacco. It is highly addictive and can cause, shortness of breath, coughing and cancer. It has been said every cigarette cuts your life by 6 minutes. </li></ul><ul><li>Smoking can cause your heartbeat and blood pressure to go up and is one of the most common causes of cancer, in particular, lung cancer. </li></ul><ul><li>Picture of cigarette. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Nicotine <ul><li>If smoke a lot some negative effects are : </li></ul><ul><li>A weaker Immune. </li></ul><ul><li>- Sports ability gets worse over time (can’t run or breathe properly). </li></ul><ul><li>- Highly Addictive. </li></ul><ul><li>- Effects our whole body. (Immune system, and other functioning systems). </li></ul><ul><li>The prevention of nicotine addiction: </li></ul><ul><li>We can prevent smoking by thinking of the bad effects and try other things, find healthier hobbies like hiking. </li></ul>
  11. 11. The End Science project .