Buddhist Association of Canada<br />Cham Shan Temple<br />加拿大佛教會   湛山精舍 禪修學佛入門 <br />Introduction to <br />Buddhism and Me...
Buddhist Association of Canada<br />Cham Shan Temple<br />ná	mó	fó	tuó<br />南	無	佛	陀<br />Namo Buddha<br />ná	mó	dá	mó <br ...
Abhidharma School of Buddhism<br />
~ OVERVIEW ~<br /><ul><li>Orthodox teaching of Buddhism based on the Abhidharmakosa-sastra
One of the first Buddhist Schools in China (AKA毘曇宗)
Reached its peak in popularity in the Tang (618-907) Dynasty
Practitioners aim to completely cut off mental obstructions that cause suffering</li></li></ul><li>~ VASUBANDHU ~<br /><ul...
2nd Patriarch of Shin Buddhism, 21st of Zen Buddhism
One of the founders of the Yogacara School
Wrote the Abhidharmakosa-sastra</li></li></ul><li>~ TEACHINGS ~<br /><ul><li>Teaches Theravada Buddhism
Classifies all phenomena in the universe under 75 categories
Emphasis on the Four Noble Truths
Suffering Exists
Cause of Suffering
Cessation of Suffering
Eightfold Noble Path
Reality is ‘empty’ and impermanent</li></li></ul><li>~ THE SELF ~<br /> <br />
~ PRACTICE METHODS ~<br /><ul><li>Vipassana Meditation
Breaking through the Veil of Ignorance
Practice of cutting off attachments to Fetters
Samatha Meditation
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20110730 heart sutra meditation and abhidharma school

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20110730 heart sutra meditation and abhidharma school

  1. 1. Buddhist Association of Canada<br />Cham Shan Temple<br />加拿大佛教會 湛山精舍 禪修學佛入門 <br />Introduction to <br />Buddhism and Meditation<br />2011/07/30<br />
  2. 2. Buddhist Association of Canada<br />Cham Shan Temple<br />ná mó fó tuó<br />南 無 佛 陀<br />Namo Buddha<br />ná mó dá mó <br />南 無 達 摩<br />Namo Dharma<br />ná mó sēng qié<br />南 無 僧 伽 <br />Namo Sangha<br />
  3. 3. Abhidharma School of Buddhism<br />
  4. 4. ~ OVERVIEW ~<br /><ul><li>Orthodox teaching of Buddhism based on the Abhidharmakosa-sastra
  5. 5. One of the first Buddhist Schools in China (AKA毘曇宗)
  6. 6. Reached its peak in popularity in the Tang (618-907) Dynasty
  7. 7. Practitioners aim to completely cut off mental obstructions that cause suffering</li></li></ul><li>~ VASUBANDHU ~<br /><ul><li>Indian Buddhist Monk
  8. 8. 2nd Patriarch of Shin Buddhism, 21st of Zen Buddhism
  9. 9. One of the founders of the Yogacara School
  10. 10. Wrote the Abhidharmakosa-sastra</li></li></ul><li>~ TEACHINGS ~<br /><ul><li>Teaches Theravada Buddhism
  11. 11. Classifies all phenomena in the universe under 75 categories
  12. 12. Emphasis on the Four Noble Truths
  13. 13. Suffering Exists
  14. 14. Cause of Suffering
  15. 15. Cessation of Suffering
  16. 16. Eightfold Noble Path
  17. 17. Reality is ‘empty’ and impermanent</li></li></ul><li>~ THE SELF ~<br /> <br />
  18. 18. ~ PRACTICE METHODS ~<br /><ul><li>Vipassana Meditation
  19. 19. Breaking through the Veil of Ignorance
  20. 20. Practice of cutting off attachments to Fetters
  21. 21. Samatha Meditation
  22. 22. Concentration of the mind on a single task
  23. 23. 40 common subjects of contemplation
  24. 24. Goal is to attain a state of Jhana</li></li></ul><li>~ BENEFITS TO WESTERN CULTURE ~<br /><ul><li>Western culture tends to be very individualistic
  25. 25. Theravada Buddhism offers self-fulfillment
  26. 26. Those who practice may indirectly influence others
  27. 27. Individual practice may lead one to help liberate others</li></li></ul><li>~ THE END ~<br />~ AMITUOFUO ~<br />
  28. 28. Buddhist Practice and Cultivation<br />1 Take refuge in the Three Treasures of the Buddha, Dharma, and Sangha.<br /> 皈依佛法僧(三寶)<br />2 Earnestly cultivate the Three Perfections of Morality, Calmness, and Wisdom. <br /> 勤修戒定慧(三學)<br />3 Shed the Three Poisons of Greed, Anger and Delusion.<br /> 息滅貪瞋癡(三毒)<br />4 Purify the Three Karmas of Action, Speech and Thought.<br /> 清淨身口意(三業)<br />
  29. 29. Cultivation of Loving Kindness (Metta)<br />Metta as an effective means:<br />To overcome anger as it is the opposite of violent and destructive mental states,<br />To build up the required concentration for the development of insight (vipassana),<br />To develop a healthy relationship with every living being you encounter.<br />
  30. 30. Cultivation of Tranquility<br />The cultivation of loving-kindness is one way by which we can attain tranquility – Practice giving.<br />The cultivation of tranquility is one way by which we can attain enlightenment – Practice appreciating.<br />The cultivation of tranquility is one way by which we can discover our Buddha nature – Practice serving.<br />
  31. 31. Cultivation of Tranquility<br />Tranquility refers to the tranquility that is freed of defilements – greed, hatred, delusion, jealousy, resentment, etc.<br />Tranquility refers to let go of ego.<br />Tranquility refers to unification of the mind on the object of meditation.<br />Tranquility refers to the removal of less peaceful states of mind which furthers and deepens into the truth absorption.<br />
  32. 32. Path to Purification<br />Purification of morals – of body, speech and mind.<br />Observance of precepts<br />Guarding of thefive senses<br />Purity of livelihood<br />Proper use of requisites <br />
  33. 33. Path to Purification<br />Cut off all impediments – unnecessary activities<br />Eliminate the concept of obtaining supernormal powers<br />Find suitable companions<br />Find a suitable place to practice meditation with peers<br />
  34. 34. The Ten Schools of Chinese Buddhism:<br />1. Reality School or Kosa School or Abhidharma School.2. Satyasiddhi School or Cheng-se School. 3. Three Sastra School or San-lun School.*4. The Lotus School or T'ien-t'ai School <br />5. The Garland School or Hua-yen School or Avatamsaka School.* 6. Intuitive School or Ch'an School or Dhyana School.7. Discipline School or Lu School or Vinaya School. 8. Esoteric School or Mi School or Mantra School.9. Dharmalaksana School or Wei-Shi School or Fa-siang School.10. Pure-land School or Sukhavati School or Ching-t'u School.<br />* Topic is still available for presentation.<br />中国的佛教共分十宗,分别是:俱舍宗、成实宗、三论宗、天台宗、华严宗、唯识宗、律宗、禅宗、净土宗、密宗。 <br />
  35. 35. In addition to Heart Sutra by Ven. Shengguang Shi, the following topics will be presented in the class:<br />1.July 30 – Reality School by Kevin Loi<br />2.August 6 – <br />3.August 13 – Lotus School by Phyllis Parr<br />4.August 20 -  Dharmalaksana School by Dennis Yap<br />5.August 27 – Vinaya School by Anson Law<br />6.September 3 – No Class (3 days of Shurangama mantra practice in Niagara Falls)<br />7. September 10 - Wutaishan Video Footages by Moshay Allen<br />8..September 17 – Iconology by Edward Malek<br />9. September 24 - Three Sastra School by Grace Lau<br />
  36. 36. The Brief History of Buddhism in India<br />Suddhartha Gautama<br />Early Buddhism Schools, Mahayana and Vajrayana<br />Initial Spread of Buddhism in India<br />Asoka and the Mauyan Empire<br />Graeco-Bactrians, Sakas and Indo-Parthians<br />Kushan Empire<br />The Pala and Sena Era<br />The Buddhist Councils (1st Council to 6th Council) <br />Decline of Buddhism in India (400 CE to 12th Century)<br />Revival of Buddhism in India (1891 to Present)<br />
  37. 37. Questions and Comments 討論<br />www.ChamShanTemple.org<br />www.shengguangshi.blogspot.com<br />ShengguangShi@hotmail.com<br />Shengguang Shi 釋聖光<br />Tom Cheung 張相棠<br />Kam Cheung 張仁勤<br />Dennis A. Yap 葉普智<br />

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