Buddhist Association of Canada<br />Cham Shan Temple<br />加拿大佛教會 湛山精舍 禪修學佛入門 <br />Introduction to <br />Buddhism and Meditation<br />2011/03/12<br />
Buddhist Association of Canada<br />Cham Shan Temple<br />ná mó fó tuó<br />南 無 佛 陀<br />Namo Buddha<br />ná mó dá mó <br />南 無 達 摩<br />Namo Dharma<br />ná mó sēng qié<br />南 無 僧 伽 <br />Namo Sangha<br />
Meditation禪修<br />Towards a Liberated and Enlightened Life<br />煩惱輕智慧長<br />
Walking with one object at a time<br />Breathing呼吸<br />Step步行<br />Counting數<br />Smile微笑<br />This can generate:<br />Mindfulness正念<br />Concentration 專注<br />One-pointedness一心<br />Peace和平<br />Happiness and Appreciation.愉快感謝心<br />
Walking with a Phase as an object of Attention<br />NamoAmitoufo, 往生咒,Pure Land Rebirth Dhāraṇī 陀羅尼<br />namoamitābhāyatathāgatāyatadyathāamṛtod-bhaveamṛta-siddhaṃbhaveamṛta-vikrānteamṛta-vikrāntagāminigaganakīrta-kāresvāhā<br />南無阿彌多婆夜。 哆他伽多夜。 哆地夜他。 阿彌利都婆毗。 阿彌利哆。 悉耽婆毗。 阿彌唎哆。 毗迦蘭帝。 阿彌唎哆。 毗迦蘭多。 伽彌膩。 伽伽那。 枳多迦利。 娑婆訶。<br />
Walking to Find Peace<br />Practice mindfulness walking every day.<br />Let’s turn every path you walk into a path of walking meditation.<br />Follow your breathing, focus on your steps and slow down your steps.<br />You will find peace and freedom on each step.<br />You will find peace around you including all beings and things you encounter on the path.<br />
Sitting Meditation - Cultivating Mindfulness<br />To be friend with your breath.<br />Feel the air moving in and out of your nose.<br />Locate the most vivid sensations - moment by moment.<br />Rest in the awareness of breathing - outside of time.<br />Don’t judge when your mind is wandering.<br />Just note what is on your mind as bystander.<br />Let the thought be part of your awareness in the moment; no need to stop it.<br />Sitting on the bank of the thought stream, listening to the gurgling but not so caught up in the torrent.<br />
Cultivating Mindfulness<br />Remember don’t fall into the thought stream and get caught up in the future (worrying, planning) and the past (remembering, blaming, pining) and in reactive and often painful emotions.<br />Just as if you are sitting on the bank of water stream with appreciation of your breathing and scenery.<br />Upon the moment of appreciation, you aware once again you’re listening and seeing the “dependent origination”.<br />Repeat this a million times. Peace is with you.<br />
Sustained Attention on the Present Moment<br /><ul><li>The effort is directed to letting go, to developing a mind that inclines to abandoning….
Do not think about your work, your family, your commitments, your history, …during meditation.
You become someone who has no history during the time that you meditate.
When any thought hits the wall of the 'padded cell', it does not bounce back again.
The reality of the “silent now” becomes magnificent and awesome.
You achieved “mindfullness sustained only in the present moment”.</li></li></ul><li>Silent Awareness of the Present Moment<br />Develop inner silence by giving up great burden of random thoughts.<br />Develop silent awareness by recognizing the space between thoughts and between periods of inner chatter. <br />Silence is so much more productive of wisdom and clarity than reactive thinking. <br />Abandon the inner speech and abide in silent awareness of the present moment long enough, you will realize how delightful it is. <br />You realize that most of our thinking is really pointless, that it gets you nowhere, only giving you many headaches and distresses.<br />You gladly and easily spend much time in inner quiet and peace.<br />
Chapter ThreeGautama Buddha (2)<br />What are the five periods of Buddha teachings?<br />When was Siddhartha Gautama’s first sermon? <br />Who are the first five disciples?<br />When did Buddha enter into the state of Nirvana?<br />What was the final words Buddha gave before he passed away?<br />
Chapter ThreeGautama Buddha (2) –Final Words<br />All compounded things, all experiences (mental and physical), all phenomena by their very nature decay and die, and are disappointing: it is through being not-blind-drunk on, obsessed by, or infatuated with, the objects of the senses that you succeed in awakening, or obtain liberation.<br />
Chapter Three Gautama Buddha (2) First Five Disciples<br />The Buddha first preached The Dhamma called '' Dhammacekkapa '' or wheel of Dhamma to His first five disciples called Kondanna, Vappa, Baddiya, Mahanama, and Assaji in the deer park called '' Isipatana '' on the full moon day of 4th month of Buddha calendar (528 BC).<br />Buddha dies at age of 80 in 483 BC. <br />
Chapter ThreeGautama Buddha (2)<br />The Five Periods of Buddha Teaching by Tientai School (天臺宗)<br />The Flower Garland period(華嚴時), which only lasted a few weeks from the enlightenment of the Buddha. He taught the Flower Garland Sutra, speaking directly from his enlightenment, but people couldn't understand him, so he realized he had to apply skilful means in his teaching.<br />
Chapter ThreeGautama Buddha (2)<br />The Five Periods of Buddha Teaching<br />2) The Deer park (鹿野苑時) period, which lasted for 12 years after the Flower Garland period. The early Pali (巴利文) Canon and the Chinese Agamas recorded his teachings belonging to this period(阿含時).<br />
Chapter ThreeGautama Buddha (2)<br />The Five Periods of Buddha Teaching<br />3) The Vaipulya (方等時) period, covering the following 8 years, where certain Mahayana Sutras (大乘經典) were taught, created the foundation for the next, very challenging period. In this period, he taught the Vimalakirti Sutra (維摩詰經), the Pure Land (淨土) Sutras, and the esoteric tantras (密宗).<br />
Chapter ThreeGautama Buddha (2)<br />The Five Periods of Buddha Teaching<br />4) The Prajnaparamita period (般若時); 22 years of teaching the Prajnaparamita Sutras and their doctrines shunyata (空性)and non-dualism(不二).<br />
Chapter ThreeGautama Buddha (2)<br />The Five Periods of Buddha Teaching<br />5) The Lotus and Nirvana Sutras, (法華涅槃時) in his final teaching period, were given in his last 8 years. His teaching came to a full circle and back to his first period in which he spoke directly from his enlightenment experiences.<br />
Maitreya Bodhisattva<br />In the future, Maitreya Bodhisattva will be born on earth, teaching Dharma to the heaven and human beings including all followers of Shakyamuni Buddha.<br />He is not a Buddha yet. But he’s already a Bodhisattva Mahasattva of the highest level, who will be born just one more time to attain Buddhahood.<br />Maitreya is his surname. His first name is Ajita, meaning Unsurpassed or Unconquered.<br />His name Maitreya means Kindness.<br />In one life, after he heard the Sutra of Kindness Samadhi from the Ancient Maitreya Buddha he decided to cultivate the Bodhisattva path and become a Buddha himself. <br />He also said when he attained Buddhahood, the world would be peaceful and beautiful.<br />
Maitreya Bodhisattva<br />In another life, when he was young Upasaka Fu, he would release all the fish after he had caught them. Then in another life in the Liang Dynasty, at FengFa, he was the Cloth Bag Monk. When people asked him about Buddha’s teaching, he just let his bag fall onto the ground, picked it up and walked away. Here dropping the bag means “letting go”, forgive and forget. Picking up the bag and walked away means he would take the responsibility of propagating the Dharma.<br />
Maitreya Bodhisattva<br />He was one of The Buddha’s disciples. He died before The Buddha and was born in the inner court of the Tushita Heaven. He will be there for 4000 heaven years (57.6 billions years on earth) before descending to the earth. People now honor him as “The honorable Buddha Maitreya who will be born in the distant future”<br />He will attain Buddhahood under the Dragon Flower Tree. And there will be 3 Dragon Flowers Assemblies:<br /><ul><li> In the First Assembly, he will cross over 9600 million people.
In the Second Assembly, he will cross over 9400 million people.
In the Third Assembly, he will cross over 9200 million people.</li></ul>He will live on earth for 84,000 years before entering nirvana.<br />His Dharma will remain on earth for another 84,000years.<br />
Maitreya Bodhisattva<br />You can be born and receive Maitreya Bodhisattva’s teaching in the Inner Court of the Tushita Heaven if you follow the Pure Land Practice such as reciting Maitrey Bodhisattva’s name and upholding the precepts.<br />There are 3 sutras about Maitreya Bodhisattva:<br /><ul><li>The Sutra Of Maitreya Bodhisattva Ascending Tushita Heaven