3rd meeting Ljubljana 8-12 April 2013Comenius project
DefinitionIt is the condition where the numberof people living in a geographicalarea, such as a country, exceeds thecurrent carrying capacity (naturaland financial resources) of itshabitat.
Estimated population from the beginning of Human History (millions) 8000 7000 6000 5000 4000 Population 3000 2000 1000 0 . 50 50 60 70 80 90 00 08 50 . . . . . . C C C C C C C A. 17 18 19 19 19 19 19 20 20 B. B. B. B. B. B. 1 00 00 00 00 00 00 .0 90 70 50 30 1070
Causes Financial Framework: the increaseof birthrate is connected to the needfor more agricultural hands since, inthe rural economy the family is thebasic productive unit. Tradition: the stereotypes of the“third–world” societies led to largefamilies and the subordination of thewoman and her role in the society.
Causes Ignorance: the low educational standard and the insufficient information of the people in the developing countries contribute to the increase of birth rates. Reduced child mortality rates: by high-tech and cost effective measures such as vaccines, antibiotics and humanitarian aid from the developed countries to the low-income ones.
7–8 children6–7 children4–5 children3–4 children5–6 children2–3 children1–2 children0–1 children
Effects due to Human Overpopulation Deterioration of the living conditions in the low-income countries
Effects due to Human Overpopulation• Aggravation of the per capita financial status as the level of the global wealth is not increasing.
Effects due to Human Overpopulation• Massive immigration because the developing countries seem to be unable to support and sustain their growing population.
Effects due to Human Overpopulation• Social discontent due to destitution.
Effects due to Human Overpopulation• Depletion of the environment and inadequate natural resources to sustain the global demand.
Effects of Overpopulation in the Natural World The rapid growth of the population is obvious that will lead to more and more demand on food. This fact carries obvious effects on the environment from the use of chemical fertilizers and pesticides. We will soon come across an energy crisis as well, and the countries will be using anything possible, in order to cover the increasing global demand for power. This will lead to the depletion of the nature-based resources and further environmental degradation.
Mitigation Measures Incentives to reduce birth rates Education Development of the low-income countries Modernization
Overpopulation in Greece• Overpopulation in Greece has led to Urbanization. In modern Greece this phenomenon lies in the two large urban centers, Athens and Thessaloniki.• There has also been observed a growing population density in certain neighborhoods of Athens, such as Kipseli, Kallithea and Pangrati.
A Greek saying “ there is enough space for 1000good people, where there is none for 2 bad ones “
Our Solutions Conservation of the natural power resources
Our Solutions Use of renewable power resources such as solar power, wind power, tidal power, biofuels and hydroelectricity
Our Solutions Reservation of the available water supplies
Our Solutions Protection of the environment mainly by recycling
The participants: Students Teachers Anyfanti M. Karra E. Athanasiou D. Kekis L. Vasilopoulos A. Kantzaris D. (computer support) Leader of the program Katsouda Xanthi Headmistress Thank you for your attentionCape Sounio, temple of Poseidon