The focus on this area of study is due to the reality that technology is becoming much moreaccessible and therefore much m...
There were two particular studies which were able to capture the heart of the technology debate and wasachieved through th...
Positives/Negatives of Laptop Program                                       Implications of Laptop Program on Teaching    ...
Positives/Negatives of Integrating                                  Implications of Technology on Teaching/Technology into...
Positives of Technology integration              Negatives of Technology IntegrationUnlimited information                 ...
Utilising emerging technologies such as that of an Interactive Whiteboard (IWB) withina special education classroom has th...
The following IWB resources offers a wide range of materials for teacher’s to implement withinthe classroom and aims to pr...
As technology evolves the current trend within our education system, teacher’s must embrace the changes in the endeavour t...
Whitby, Peggy J.S, Leininger, M. L & Grillo, K. (2012). Tips for Using Interactive Whiteboards to IncreaseParticipation of...
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Use of Technology within the Classroom

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This presentation looks at the current movement within education towards increasing the use of technology within both the mainstream and special classroom and the implications that this has on the teaching and learning experiences of both student's and teacher's.

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Use of Technology within the Classroom

  1. 1. The focus on this area of study is due to the reality that technology is becoming much moreaccessible and therefore much more influential among members of today’s society and inparticular the younger generation. This statement coincides with the current movementtowards increasing the degree of student accessibility to different sources of technologywithin education and is the purpose for discussing the following issue;What are the implications on teaching and learning as a result ofstudents using technology within the high school classroom?There are many different sources of technology, some of which depends on the subject that isbeing taught. For example a history class may use the internet to conduct relevant research, adrama class using film as a reflective tool and English using word documents to produceessays and reports. As evident on practical experiences the use of video’s accessed from theinternet in demonstrating a particular activity or for the purpose of a documentary is apopular tool used by a wide range of teacher’s.This presentation will discuss both the positives/negatives and implications of technologynot only within a mainstream classroom but also a special education classroom.
  2. 2. There were two particular studies which were able to capture the heart of the technology debate and wasachieved through their focus on both the student and teacher as being the most important stakeholderswithin the educational context and for which technology is to have the greatest impact on. Oneparticular study discussed the impact of which a laptop program had on teaching and learning within theschool , characterised by each student being given a laptop in which they were to utilise throughout theschool year while another study examined teacher and student views about technology integration inboth urban and rural schools.Findings from both studies have been organised into successive tables and are made up of relevantstatistics, vital opinions and personal experiences which considers both the negative and positive aspectsof technology integration while linking those viewpoints to the implications associated with teaching andlearning.As evident within the tables, both studies demonstrate that when students and teachers are workingcollaboratively in considering the limitations and benefits of technology while being enthusiastic aboutits potential, the teaching and learning experience is most definitely going to be that of a positive one.
  3. 3. Positives/Negatives of Laptop Program Implications of Laptop Program on Teaching and LearningThe great majority of students say that the laptops have a very (65%) Depending on the students attitude towards technology will determineor somewhat (29%) positive impact on how much they learn in whether it has a positive or negative impact on their learning.school. Students use of technology enhances the opportunity for self regulated learning and as a result will have a positive impact on how much is being learnt.The students also report that the laptops positively influence how well Increasing student engagement and motivation by a means of utilisingthey work with other students, how interested they are in school, their effective technological tools will not only positively impact their gradesgrades, and other things. and schooling experience but also in preparing for life out of school in terms of technological requirements at work.Nearly all teachers agreed that the laptop program is very (67%) or Teacher’s firstly acknowledging the importance of technology andsomewhat (30%) important for students; only 3% disagreed. secondly being willing to integrate it within their lessons can only improve student engagement and as result their grades.A large majority of teachers report an increase (57%) or a slight While some teachers will find it difficult integrating technology into theincrease (30%) in the depth of students’ understanding of the curriculum, the study highlights the students liking of technology whichcurriculum as a result of the use of laptops and related technology. can therefore relate to a positive impact on not only the students extent of learning but importantly their depth of understanding.The great majority of teachers (87%) report that lack of reliability of Barriers to using technology include that of it being time consuming, athe network or of computers is not a barrier, or only a small barrier, to teacher’s lack of technical knowledge andusing technology in classrooms. student’s forgetting to bring their laptop to class. With the appropriate support services and understanding of necessary expectations, these barriers are merely challenges which one must face before the true benefits of technology is experienced.75% of teachers involved with younger students reported that they The majority of the student body seem to experience this enhancementasked a student to stop their off-task activities with laptops at least to the learning process while it was evident on practical experience thatonce every class period while only36% of teachers involved with a proportion of students were abusing technology by accessing sitessenior students reporting the same frequency. which weren’t relevant to class activities.
  4. 4. Positives/Negatives of Integrating Implications of Technology on Teaching/Technology into the Classroom LearningStudents viewed technology as an enhancement to the learning Depending on the students attitude towards technology willprocess rather than a substitute for it. determine whether it has a positive or negative impact on their learning.87.3% of the students liked to use technology and believed itcould be effective in learning.Students learning through visualisation/animation techniquesThe student comments suggest that technology may help weak Increased learning as a result of increased self-efficacy and selfstudents (e.g., the "feeling dumber student") by increasing their esteem. This could possibly be from gaining technical skills. Thisconfidence level. not only assists individual learners but also the dynamics of the classroom environment.Belief of students that it provides unlimited information A great proportion of this ‘unlimited’ information is unnecessary as it may be either incorrect or not related to the class topic and therefore can often be difficult to find quality information."Is this the first step of replacing teachers in the classroom, The increasing use of technology may result in a loss of vitalwhere students can sit at a computer?" teacher/student interactions however there is so much more to education than just the ‘learning process’ which is where teachersTeachers adapting their role from knowledge dispensers to are so crucial in the context of education.facilitators.The high cost associated with the technology Students in low socio-economic areas may not have the access to necessary technology in the aim of enhancing the ‘learning process.’
  5. 5. Positives of Technology integration Negatives of Technology IntegrationUnlimited information Student’s forgetting to bring laptop to classIncreased accessibility Technical glitches/unreliabilityPromotion of self regulated learning Teacher’s lack of technical knowledgeImproved technical skills Overly dependent on technologyStudents liking of technology, making Conception that computers are replacing teacher’sclass more interestingStudents preparation for life out of school Substantial assistance required/ inexperience ofin terms of technological requirements at students in regards to technologyworkStudents learning through costvisualisation/animation techniquesIncrease understanding of curriculum Time consumingIncrease extent of student learning Difficulty finding quality informationChange role of teachers from knowledge Difficulty integrating technology into thedispensers to facilitators curriculum
  6. 6. Utilising emerging technologies such as that of an Interactive Whiteboard (IWB) withina special education classroom has the potential to increase student’s participation, academicoutcomes and ultimately their quality of life. Given a child with autism generally has trouble withexpressive language and being attentive for long periods while possessing a learning style which ispreferably visual highlights the need to meet the apparent desire of these children to engage intechnological activities. This focus on technology is not only critical for children with autism but alsoother disabilities in increasing the learning opportunities and provision of adequate support for those whoare in need of it most.Advantages of using IWB within Disadvantages of using IWB withinclassroom classroomIncreasing understanding through visual support Intimidating for teacher’s with little technology training and therefore don’t realise the potential of using an IWB within teaching and learningIncreasing student engagement and improving attentive The cost involved with implementing an IWB within thelevels as a result of participating in preferred tasks and classroom may prove to be to much for some schools.restrictive interestsProviding opportunity for social interactions and therefore Technical faults and unreliability of an IWB may obstructimproving student’s teamwork and communication skills quality teaching and learning from taking place.Decreasing impact of expressive language deficits throughproviding both visual and mechanical promptsVersatility and flexibility as any website or internetresource which can be used on a computer can also beaccessed through an IWB.
  7. 7. The following IWB resources offers a wide range of materials for teacher’s to implement withinthe classroom and aims to provide student enjoyment and maximum participation. Remember toreview the material before you use it while ensuring that it aligns appropriately with thecurriculum and is supported by additional activities. Name Website Resource BrainPOP (FWD Media, www.brainpop.coni Interactive academic lessons Inc., 2011) Bright hub (Bright Huh, www.brighthub.com Interactive Science activities Inc., 2011) PicLits (Friedlander, 2011) www.piclits.com/compose.dr Pictures of inspired writing agdrop.aspx Teacher LED (Riley, 2011) http://www.teacherled.com/all Interactive Whiteboard -interactive-whitehoard lessons and activities -resources/ Quiz Revolution, Inc. www.quizrevolution.com Website to create interactive (2011) quizzes
  8. 8. As technology evolves the current trend within our education system, teacher’s must embrace the changes in the endeavour tofind new ways to support and improve learning. .There are many factors which will result in the effective integration of technology into today’s classroom. These include;  Having a balance between the uses of technology and traditional based education techniques. As one teacher proclaims; ‘To teach a concept with technology only if it is necessary.’  Monitoring student’s use of laptops, for example being aware when games are being played.  Having a positive and continual dialogue between the student, teacher and administrators.  Ongoing support such as that of technical, administrative and training for student’s and teachers in promoting the thoughtful use of computers, the internet and other relevant technological devices.  Critically analysing the use of technology with the input of the student body, identifying what worked and what didn’t and improving your techniques for the future (Churchill, R et al. 2011)The effective integration of technology in today’s classroom is vital to not only the students experience at school but just asimportantly their experiences which are to shape the rest of their lives. As a result of addressing all of the above points, theimplications of technology on teaching and learning within both a mainstream and special classroom will be that of a positiveone.
  9. 9. Whitby, Peggy J.S, Leininger, M. L & Grillo, K. (2012). Tips for Using Interactive Whiteboards to IncreaseParticipation of Students With disabilities. Teaching Exceptional Children , 50-57. Retrieved fromhttp://web.ebscohost.com.ezproxy1.canberra.edu.au/ehost/pdfviewer/pdfviewer?sid=b07f8795-9bcf-4335-9693-d7d62ff2d5d7%40sessionmgr15&vid=4&hid=11Zucker, A. A & Hug, T (2007). A Study of the 1:1 Laptop Program at the Denver School of Science and Technology.Denver: Denver School of Science and Technology. Retrieved fromhttp://scienceandtech.org/documents/Technology/DSST_Laptop_Study_ExecSum.pdfQing, L. (2007). Student and Teacher Views About Technology: A Tale of Two Cities. Journal of Research onTechnology in Education , 377-397. Retrieved fromhttp://web.ebscohost.com.ezproxy1.canberra.edu.au/ehost/pdfviewer/pdfviewer?sid=be3c6276-8867-476d-a38d-ce2a8ca0026b%40sessionmgr15&vid=4&hid=11Creative Commons Images:http://www.flickr.com/photos/bartbv/4502746840/http://www.flickr.com/photos/53260597@N03/5332470011/http://www.flickr.com/photos/28434883@N06/8364524367/http://www.flickr.com/photos/28434883@N06/8365593940/http://www.flickr.com/photos/58797102@N05/5393108028/Presentation by Thomas Alexander (3065593)University of CanberraSports Coaching PedagogyKeith Lyons

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