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3rd Demographic Forum Nov.2010 Nomac Version


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The demographic growth of European Union is today largely due to international migration. The growth of migration flows has accelerated in the late 1990’s and is still high. At the same time, host countries have been diversified and intra-european mobility has increased. These new dynamics are also the next EU challenges in terms of diversity or economic integration.

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3rd Demographic Forum Nov.2010 Nomac Version

  1. 1. Migration and diversity in EU: recent trends and new challenges Third European Demography Forum The Demographic Dimension of the Europe 2020 StrategyChantal Cases – Director of the Institut Nationald’Etudes Démographiques (INED) in association with Thomas Dubois (INED) Groupe GEPP OFCE - 28/6/ 2007
  2. 2. Demographic Dynamics of the European Union
  3. 3. Historical perspectiveEuropean emigration in the late 19th century 52 millions of migrants between 1824 and 1924 South-North migration of workers from 1950’s to 1970’sEuropean integration process and migration Key vector of European integration and regional modernization From migration of workers to free circulation of citizens
  4. 4. Foreigners (% of Total Population) 2009/EU-25
  5. 5. Immigration flow and Immigration rate (% of population) 2009/EU-25
  6. 6. Emigration flow and Emigration rate (% of population) 2009/EU-25
  7. 7. Foreigners-Annual Growth rate (1998-2008)* EU-27
  8. 8. Non nationals but citizens of other EU-27 countries (% of Foreigners) 2009/EU-25
  9. 9. Immigration flow of non EU citizens by origin countries(High-Medium-Low development) 2009/EU-25(sample)
  10. 10. Citizens of European countries (EU-27)
  11. 11. Immigration flow of EUcitizens (return + non nationals) 2009/EU-25(sample)
  12. 12. The economic integrationThe Nature of Immigration depends onnational labour market differences by proportion of guest workers by types of contracts by gender by age
  13. 13. Share of temporary contract within the Employee Population (migrants + graduated migrants) 2000/EU-12(sample)
  14. 14. Foreign Women of 15-64 years old (% of 15-64 years old foreigners)
  15. 15. Foreigners of 65 years old and more (% of foreigners)
  16. 16. Program Socrates190 000 european students embedded in2008-2009A constant increasement since 1987In 2010, more than 2.2 millions of studentshave participated to the programThe benefit of the program are importanteither in terms of cultural or economicintegration
  17. 17. Net migration balance(2007) &Annual Growth rate of GDP-ppa (2001-2005) Regional data
  18. 18. ConclusionWhat are the real issues in terms of InternationalMigration for EU ? Lisbon Objectives A ‘win-win’ scenario for East to West intra-european migrations A ‘win-win’scenario with the European Blue CardThe Union takes probably a comparative advantagein its capacity to guarantee the conditions of theTransnational Labor Market in the European scale
  19. 19. ConclusionThe connectedness to other countries (Eurobarometer) Different types of connectedness Feelings of attachement Expectation to emigrateEuropean migrants in France (TéO survey) Transnationalism Indicators Qualifications Labor & Matrimonial Market