Topic 7


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Topic 7

  1. 1. Topic 7: More Activities for the Teaching of Poetry <ul><li>activities adapted from the teaching of drama </li></ul><ul><li>Focus on poems used in Literature in English component (Lower & Upper) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Preparing students for poetry </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Suggested lead – in activities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Activities for exploring the poem </li></ul></ul>
  2. 2. 7.1. Preparing Students for Poetry <ul><li>Preparatory stage </li></ul><ul><li>Use to enhance students’ receptivity for the learning of poetry </li></ul><ul><li>Examples of materials such as: </li></ul><ul><li>a). Stimuli - Various stimuli </li></ul><ul><li>Visual stimulus </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Pictures, videos, posters and drawing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Present stimulus that not explicitly present the poem </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>Example activities </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Brainstorm or write out ideas related to stimuli presented (group activity) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Recall childhood memory related to stimuli </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Stimuli <ul><li>Personal reaction – feeling, memories or ideas </li></ul><ul><li>Using songs, sounds of objects or actions such as recorded sounds of objects, songs, etc </li></ul><ul><li>Another variation – guessing what’s next? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Title of the song, what sound they heard? Etc </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>Other possible stimuli – touch & smell (guessing the object by touching or smelling </li></ul>
  6. 6. 7.1.2. Life Line <ul><li>Activities that are able to generate students’ awareness of life and the experience of life </li></ul><ul><li>Example activity: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Showing pictures (accident) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Generate questions based on the pictures </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Life line <ul><li>Ask students to think about life and death </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Teacher writes students’ responses on the board. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Draw the life line of their own (before, now, future) </li></ul><ul><li>Disadvantage – superstitious of some of the students </li></ul>
  8. 8. 7.1.3. Using other Poems <ul><li>May consider other poem – easier or more suit able with your students’ ability </li></ul><ul><li>That is/are elated to the theme of the prescribe poems </li></ul><ul><li>Teacher may take some part of the poem that has some similarities to the prescribe poem </li></ul>
  9. 9. 7.1.4. Questionnaire <ul><li>Use questionnaire to generate ideas or relate to the target poem </li></ul><ul><li>Construct about 10 questions </li></ul><ul><li>Include “Don’t know” option </li></ul><ul><li>Don’t know – a springboard for discussion </li></ul>
  10. 10. Questionnaire <ul><li>Group activity – leader present at the end of discussion </li></ul><ul><li>Teacher summaries the main points </li></ul><ul><li>Introduce the poem (prescribe poem) </li></ul>
  11. 11. 7.2. Working Into The Poem <ul><li>Reading the poem and working with the poem </li></ul><ul><li>Activities to draw attention on the language used, ideas or contents of the poem. </li></ul>
  12. 12. <ul><li>Activities – mainly involve comprehension </li></ul><ul><li>Aim – to have students comprehend and interpret the poem </li></ul>
  13. 13. 7.2.1. The Best Choice <ul><li>Before reading the poem </li></ul><ul><li>Give worksheet and students choose the best answer </li></ul><ul><li>Selected students read the poem and the other think of their choice </li></ul>
  14. 14. 7.2.2. Completing the Piece <ul><li>Sentence building </li></ul><ul><li>Students trying out words for acceptability </li></ul><ul><li>Lead students to useful interaction centering on the meaning of the poem </li></ul>
  15. 15. <ul><li>Complete the incomplete phrases in the poem </li></ul><ul><li>Ask students to read the poem used in the lesson </li></ul><ul><li>Students justify their choice </li></ul>
  16. 16. 7.2.3. Using the Video <ul><li>Another way of getting the students to work into the poem </li></ul><ul><li>Procedure – play the video continuously </li></ul><ul><li>In-pair – recall as accurately as possible and list out the order of the images </li></ul>
  17. 17. Using the Video <ul><li>Replay video – correction </li></ul><ul><li>Give the poem to the students </li></ul><ul><li>Match their choice and the poem </li></ul><ul><li>Advantage – allows for discussion among the students in the groups </li></ul>
  18. 18. Using the Video <ul><li>May make it possible for students to discuss ideas or contents which may not emerge if they were to only read the poem </li></ul><ul><li>Problem – choosing the most suitable videos for the selected poems </li></ul>
  19. 19. 7.2.4. Line by Line <ul><li>Procedure </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Write the first line of the poem on the board </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ask Wh-questions based on the line given </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Write the second line and ask Wh-questions </li></ul></ul>
  20. 20. <ul><li>Help students to focus on specific meanings, to predict answers or to anticipate </li></ul><ul><li>A variation – move backward </li></ul><ul><li>Another variation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Write the title of the poem and the first line </li></ul></ul>
  21. 21. Line by Line <ul><ul><li>Ask students to guess the second line </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>After students give answer (correct answer), write the 2 nd line and students guess the following line </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Activity continues until the end of the poem </li></ul></ul>
  22. 22. 7.3. Working out from the poem <ul><li>Extension Activities </li></ul><ul><li>Allow students to work from the poem, relate their personal experiences what they know to what they have read </li></ul>
  23. 23. <ul><li>7.3.1. Be the judge/critic </li></ul><ul><li>Done after going through the poem </li></ul><ul><li>students make critique and give rationale </li></ul>
  24. 24. 7.3.2. Interview <ul><li>In group – role play an interview based on the theme or content of the poem learnt </li></ul><ul><li>Present the interview to the rest of the class </li></ul>
  25. 25. <ul><li>7.3.3. Drama </li></ul><ul><li>Make a short sketch or play of the theme of the poem </li></ul>
  26. 26. 7.4. Miscellaneous Activities <ul><li>Divide students into two different group </li></ul><ul><li>One group – list down as many noun as possible </li></ul><ul><li>Other group – list down as many adjectives as possible </li></ul><ul><li>Give time frame </li></ul><ul><li>Pair the students – noun and adjective </li></ul><ul><li>Write out a short article or poem based on the learnt theme - may write about other things </li></ul>