2. This is NOT a quiz about medicine or medical practice.
This IS a quiz about what they don’t teach you in medical
1 point for every correct answer.
Questions 21-30 will be used to resolve ties.
3. What is represented here?
Watch it here: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Ze9-wg9k7AU .
5. There have been multiple theories postulated to explain X’s
distinctive facial features and a nickname given by rivals.
- X’s fiery temper
- X suffers from Supraventicular Tachycardia and had to
undergo Cardioversion in 2003, a procedure which
involves passing a shock through the heart to restore its
However, the actual reason is that X suffers from a skin
condition called Rosacea that causes flushing of face,
redness of eyes, burning sensation over the affected areas
7. Where can one find this sculpture? What is it a dedication to?
Image in the next slide.
9. 'To Dr Fleming with the gratitude of bullfighters'; their lives
were in less danger because of his discovery [penicillin]’
10. Pictured (No.1) is a small vessel for storing vinegar. It was
always placed on the table at meals to dip the food in before
eating. It holds roughly 270 ml and the name of the vessel is
also used as a measure for this volume.
Just name it.
12. A name was not coined for this substance until John Abel, an
American doctor prepared a crude extract of the same in 1897,
naming it X. He was acting on Austrian anatomist Joseph Hyrtl's
suggestion that this name would best describe the structure from
which the extract was obtained.
In 1901, a Japanese doctor named Jokichi Takamine visited Abel
and prepared a pure extract of the active principle from the
structure mentioned. This was patented by Parke, Davis & Co and
they called it Y.
The common misconception is that X and Y are the same. In
reality, X is an inactive benzoylated derivative of Y.
Identify X and Y.
14. “Collectively, the medical profession
today is more bloodthirsty than
Dracula, who in comparison seems
like an anaemic vegetarian”, quips
this cartoonist-satirist who also
happens to be an associate editor
with the Times of India. One of his
well-known creations is the comic
strip ‘Dubyaman', a collaboration
with artist Neelabh Bannerjee based
on (George W Bush as a superhero)
that came out post the 9/11 attack
on the World Trade Centre.
He features in this quiz for his
satirical column that appears in The
Times of India on fridays.
Name the column.
16. This English phrase refers to an immediate reaction made
without analysing the causes or facts pertaining to an event.
The phrase has its origins in a phenomenon first recorded by
Sir Michael Foster in his Textbook of Physiology in 1877. The
phenomenon involves the 2nd, 3rd and 4th Lumbar Spinal
Name the phrase/phenomenon.
18. “Professor William James of Harvard used to say that the
average man < BLANKED OUT >. Dale Carnegie, by helping
business men and women to develop their latent possibilities,
has created one of the most significant movements in adult
education”, summarized Lowell Thomas in a foreword to
Dale Carnegie's How to Win Friends and Influence People. This
was a corollary to a theory put forward by Harvard
psychologists William James and Boris Sidis in the 1890s who
tested the theory in the accelerated raising of child prodigy
William Sidis to effect an adulthood IQ of 250–300.
Widely recognised as having popularized what myth?
20. Excerpt from a 2009 interview with Grant Barrett, chairman of the
American Dialect Society's word committee.
JOURNALIST: You also voted on the most creative word of 2009.
Mr. BARRETT: We did, and that's kind of a fun category as you might
expect, because it's a chance to kind of prop up some words that are
interesting but maybe not widely used. And the winner is one of those. It's
________ ________. This is in order not to spread the spray of your flu, you
sneeze into the crook of your elbow rather than into your hand. And I've seen
health officials in California use this in press conferences.
JOURNALIST: The word is _________ ________.
Fill in the blanks.
22. This day relenting God, Hath placed within my hand
A wondrous thing; and God Be praised. At His Command,
Seeking His secret deeds With tears and toiling breath,
I find thy cunning seeds, O million-murdering Death.
So begins a 1995 novel in New York on an August 20. The
book is loosely based on the life of the poet who penned the
above lines. The poet’s claim to fame is all thanks to a chap
named Hussain Khan who was paid 1 anna by the poet
everytime something happened.
Name the book. Name the poet.
24. He was sick, was pretty sick. I don't know whether we should
tell stories like that. But anyway, he has made a mark in the
Astronaut Corps because he represents the maximum level of
space sickness that anyone can ever attain, and so the mark of
being totally sick and totally incompetent is one ______. Most
guys will get maybe to a tenth ______, if that high. And within
the Astronaut Corps, he forever will be remembered by that.
This is NASA consultant Robert E Stevenson speaking about
the humorous unit to measure Space Sickness, that was
named after the person who in 1985 experienced the most
extreme reaction yet recorded.
Name the unit/person.
26. What name has been assigned to the High Dependency Unit
(HDU) that deals with Cardiothoracic Surgery cases at the
famous St.Bartholomew’s Hospital in London, in tribute to a
person who worked there in the 1870s?
28. Pictured are radiology scans in a patient with an insufficiency
fracture (ie fractures in abnormal bone, for e.g. osteoporotic
bones, which undergoes normal stress) of the sacrum. The
fracture presents with fracture lines running vertically
through the left and right sides of the bone just medial to the
sacro-iliac joints, in conjunction with a transverse fracture
just below the level of the SI joints. The fractures are better
visualized using bone scintigraphy scans following the
injection of Technetium 99m HDP which demonstrate
increased radiotracer uptake.
What is the common name of this radiological sign?
31. Located in the Aegean Sea, it is the largest island of the
Archipelago islands. The island itself is a remnant of one of
the largest volcanic eruptions in recorded history: the
Minoan eruption which occurred some 3600 years ago at the
height of the eponymous civilization. The island today is a
popular tourist destination and was named "the world's best
island" by BBC in 2011.
The island shares its name with multiple structures in the
human body (through the person who described these
structures), the most prominent being a duct.
Name the island/duct.
33. Which genus of organisms was first catalogued in 1729 by
the Italian priest and biologist Pier Antonio Micheli and later
named for the fact that under a microscope, they reminded
him of the shape of a holy water sprinkler?
35. It is a normal anatomical variant seen in about 5% patients
and is detected during ultrasonography or other contrast
studies of their gallbladders. Caused by a fold in the
gallbladder where the fundus joins the body, it is named
after its resemblance to something associated with the
inhabitants of a central Anatolian region and later the French
37. Aris Kindt, was a Leiden-born criminal alias (Adriann
Adriannsz) in the early 17th century. He was convicted,
tortured, and executed by the state for “the grave assault
and battery that endangered the life of a man whose cloak he
had tried to take with the aid of another criminal” by hanging
on 16 Jan 1632. The event that made him famous happened
later in the day.
39. Drosophologists have a tradition of christening new mutants
with fun and creative names. Often, the new names are
descriptive – like stuck, dissatisfaction, cuckold or don
giovanni to describe mutants with defective courtship
behavior. Sometimes, labs develop themes around which to
name mutants. Tim Tully, a researcher at the Cold Spring
Harbour Laboratory developed multiple memory mutants of
Drosphila through an odor–shock avoidance task, ie flies
could learn to avoid an odor when punished with footshock.
He named them after the members in the picture.
Who/What were these?
Image in the next slide.
42. John Dalton is best known for his pioneering work in the
development of modern atomic theory, and his research into
colour blindness (referred to as Daltonism, in his honour). His
work on the human eye and colours directly led to research
on rain, dew, heat, the colour of the sky, steam, and the
reflection and refraction of light. He was truly the first great
medical researcher-scientist to come out of a European city
and advocated large open spaces to be established there,
such as the Royal Botanical Gardens, opened in 1831.
Which city? Where exactly did John Dalton site the gardens
because of prevailing south-westerly winds in the area
keeping it clear of the city's airborne pollution?
44. Lhermitte’s Sign is a symptom rather than a sign suggestive
of a lesion of the dorsal columns of the cervical cord or of the
caudal medulla of the spinal cord. It is a classical finding in
multiple sclerosis, and is also seen in a number of other
conditions, including transverse myelitis, trauma, radiation
myelopathy, vitamin B12 deficiency, cervical spondylosis,
disc herniation, tumors, high dose chemotherapy etc. It is
also very appropriately named the Barber Chair phenomenon.
Described above is the medical equivalent of which English
48. On April 1953, a routine cholecystectomy in a London Clinic
went badly wrong. This led to three more surgeries later.
One of the sequelae of the botched operation was that
amphetamines had to be liberally used to produce a feeling
of energy and confidence to counteract effects of episodes
of illness. These included Drinamyl, Dexamyl (known as
‘purple hearts’), and most importantly Benzedrine, the
wonder drug of the 1950s that had a plethora of side-effects
like insomnia, restlessness and mood swings.
What is this given as an explanation for?
50. A famous notion in the 1960s was the theory of skin
asphyxiation, that we "breathe" through our skin and that
closing off all the pores in one's body would cause quick
death. This, apparently, was common in cabaret dancers who
left a small bare patch at the base of the spine to allow the
skin to breathe. This notion has been proved to be completely
false and death could result in this case only from an extreme
case of heatstroke due to clogging of the body pores,
preventing perspiration and ruining the body's principal
means of heat regulation. This theory of skin asphyxiation,
however, was the basis for a patch of someone’s abdomen
being left bare in an iconic 1964 portrayal.
52. Noted for multiple physical irregularities, he was described
during his time as “short in stature, deformed in person, and
hideous in face.” He had a long-standing skin disease that
presented with intense itching and blisters, beginning in the
perianal region. Of late, the diagnosis has been speculated to
be Dermatitis Herpetiformis. The treatment typically involved
long bath sessions with minerals and medicines. He
frequently wore a bandana/headgear soaked in vinegar to
reduce the severity of his problem.
54. It is a general term applied to malignant neoplastic disorders
of a type of tissue named after the Roman goddess of fresh
water. The clinical signs of the disease depend largely on the
location and their effects on the invaded and adjoining
organs, e.g. alimentary, extranodal, multicentric. Very
common in household pets, it is also seen in human beings
and is 2-3 times more common in men than women and
occur in all age-groups. The incidence is higher for whites,
particularly people with Jewish ancestry.
This disease entered popular consciousness in India
sometime in the early 1970s through a variant that affected
the alimentary canal. How?
56. This organism has a common name referring to a country on
the Atlantic coast because it was identified in traders of the
region by Carolus Linnaeus. However, its scientific name
refers to the fact that it was a ‘little dragon’ that wrecked
havoc in a city in the Arabian Peninsula.
Name the country and the city. How has the traditional
method of treatment of the condition been supposedly
58. Proteus syndrome (named after Proteus, the Greek sea-god
who could change his shape) is a congenital disorder that
causes skin overgrowth and atypical bone development,
often accompanied by tumors over half the body. It is a
progressive condition wherein children are generally born
disease-free and deformities appear as they age. Very few
cases have been diagnosed worldwide till date.
The skeleton of the most famous person with this condition
is pictured. What came into existence in 1981, as a direct
result of something to do with this person?
Image in the next slide.
61. A two-year old from the village of Holy Cross in Alaska was
infected with Diphtheria sometime in December 1924. The
case was initially misdiagnosed and the kid died. Soon, more
children became infected. The local doctor, Curtis Welch, in
the town of Nome did not administer the anti-toxin as the
batch he had had already expired. On January 22, 1925,
Welch alerted all major towns in Alaska including the
governor in Juneau about the health risk via Telegram. A
decision was reached to deliver the antitoxin immediately to
the affected area and aerial delivery was contemplated.
However, this did not work out. So, an alternate method was
devised to deliver the serum. How is the memory of this
delivery kept alive today?
63. She started bleeding abnormally and profusely after her fifth
child birth in Jan 1951 and at the John Hopkins Hospital, she
was diagnosed with Malignant Epidermoid Carcinoma of the
Cervix Stage 1. She was started on radiotherapy for the
tumor, and during this process, two samples of her cervix
were removed - a healthy part and a cancerous part, without
her permission. However, her condition continued to worsen
and she died of Uremia in Oct 1951.
How did the cervical samples that were removed help the
65. The lady in question was
Henrietta Lacks and the
cervical cancer cells removed
from her body became the
HeLa immortal cell line used
in medical research.
66. He was a co-founder and prominent member of the German
Progress Party, which was the first modern platform–based
political party in Germany and founded in 1861, in opposition
to Minister President Otto von Bismarck. He was one of the
leading political antagonists of Bismarck and was opposed to
Bismarck’s excessive military budget, which angered
Bismarck sufficiently to challenge him to a duel in 1865.
Being entitled to choose the weapons, he chose 2 pork
sausages: a cooked sausage for himself and an uncooked
one, loaded with Trichinella larvae, for Bismarck, who
declined the proposition as too risky.
68. ________ is medical slang. Loosely, ________ means a rare,
unusual, or surprising disease or condition. The word
acquired this meaning because of a quotation (by Dr.
Theodore Woodward, a former professor at the University of
Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore) which is frequently
used in medical teaching, ie “When you hear hoofbeats
behind you, don't expect to see a ________”.
70. It is a stock market technical analysis indicator devised by
analysts Peter G. Martin and Byron B. McCann that is used to
measure the riskiness of investments such as securities,
commodities, indexes or mutual funds. It is a measure of
volatility in a downward direction. The index is based on a
given past period and working from oldest to newest a
highest price (highest closing price) seen so-far is
maintained, and any close below that is a retracement,
expressed as a percentage.
What name is given to this index because of the apparent
health effects it causes in a stock trader?
72. The layout of this city correlates to the human body, with
the Capital Complex (government buildings) at the
northernmost part, the City Center, with pedestrian-only
piazza at the “heart”, the Leisure Valley and Gardens at the
“lungs” of the city, cultural and educational institutions at
the “limbs”, and 7 different types of roads, ranging from
pedestrian to high-speed traffic as “arteries” and “veins”.
Which Indian city?
74. This ancient Roman musical instrument is the forerunner of
both the trumpet and the trombone. It is a tube measuring
11-12 feet in length, of narrow cylindrical bore, and played by
means of a cup-shaped mouthpiece. The tube is bent round
upon itself from the mouthpiece to the bell in the shape of a
broad C and is strengthened by means of a bar across the
curve, which the performer grasps while playing, in order to
steady the instrument.
What is the name of this instrument/performer? What
medical term is therefore derived from the act of playing it?
Image in the next slide.
77. One of the theories behind the origin of the term X is that it
was coined by Homer after ceremonial killings that
supposedly took place in Y, where Phoenician colonists gave
to elderly people who could no longer take care of
themselves and to criminals an intoxicating potion that
resulted in X. They were then dropped from a high rock or
beaten to death. Scientists in Italy have now identified the
potion to be derived from Hemlock Water Dropwort
(Oenanthe crocata), which is common in Y, where it is
popularly known as "water celery." Their analysis revealed
the presence of highly toxic chemicals in the plant that could
result in X.
79. Apartment building no.459 in the middle class suburb of Los
Sauces (in a national capital city) was under strict watch by
the police in 1992. Every day for two months, Antonio Ketin
Vidal, the police general sent agents disguised as courting
couples up and down the street. He planted gardeners on the
corners to water the African tulips - it is today the best-kept
neighbourhood in the city. An inspection of the garbage of
the apartment produced empty tubes of a Kenacort-E, a skin
cream used to treat Psoriasis. This confirmed the presence of
X (who was known to be suffering from the disease) in the
apartment and led to X’s arrest on Sept 12.
Who is X?
83. Being a city of canals and therefore a city with many
drownings, this city had the first organised groups to
respond to incidents of drowning. In August 1767, a few
wealthy and civic-minded citizens of the city gathered to
form the Society for Recovery of Drowned Persons
(Maatschappij tot Redding van Drenkelingen), currently the
oldest society in this field in the world. They established a
few recommendations and these were instrumental in saving
more than 150 people over the next 4 years.
Which city? These recommendations are considered to be
first ever example describing what?
85. A lesser-known fact is that X began his career during the First
World War as a medical officer in France. X is today regarded
as the Father of Aviation Medicine due to his contributions to
the field. X is also credited with recruiting Wilbur Franks, who
went on to develop the fluid-filled "anti-gravity flying suit" to
counter the blackout experienced by pilots in aircrafts
traveling at very high speeds and subjected to intense
centrifugal pressures. In 1941, during a operational test of
the flying suit, the aircraft which X was travelling in crashed
resulting in his death. Pictured is a Flame of Hope in Ontario,
associated with something X is most remembered for.
88. This is the reproduction of a 1912
book co-authored by a Canadian
Army Pathologist. He is more
famous for another literary work
inspired by the death of one of
his former students, Lt. Alexis
Helmer in the Second Battle of
Ypres in 1915, where the German
army launched one of the first
chemical attacks in the history of
war. An excerpt from this work
can also be found in the Montreal
Canadiens dressing room.
Who? Which work?
90. _________ adware is a not-yet-observed computer security
threat which does not require the affected computer to have
adware installed in order to display advertisements on this
computer. The environment for the threat to work is an area
of non-encrypted wireless connection, such as a wireless
internet cafe or other WiFi hotspots. The adware would trick
a laptop to recognize it as the wireless provider and inserts
itself into the route of the wireless connection.
The adware gets its name from the fact that it may run from
an infested computer whose owner would not see any
manifestations, yet will affect neighboring ones.
92. A copy of Godel, Escher, Bach was observed to be thrown
away. The book contains a lengthy description of how to
hide a message within a message by bolding certain
characters. When the bolded letters were lifted out, it
revealed TTT AAT TAT – an apparent hidden message. The
3-letter groups were codons, a sequence of three nucleic
acids coding for a specific amino acid. The codons were TTT
= Phenylalanine (single-letter designator F) AAT =
Asparagine (single-letter designator N) TAT = Tyrosine
(single-letter designator Y). The summary proceeds to say:
“From this analysis, two possible hidden meanings emerged:
(1) 'FNY' – a verbal assault and (2) PAT – the nickname of a
93. This was the code hidden
within the note in the
letters carrying the
Anthrax spores. The
suspect, Dr. Bruce Ivins
got the idea from the
Douglas Hofstadter book.
94. Donohue Syndrome is a rare autosomal recessive genetic
disorder. The root cause of the disease is the lack of a fully
functional insulin receptor, which has a profound effect
during fetal development and thereafter. The distinctive
physical features include growth deficiency (apparent in the
seventh month of gestation), large hands and feet,
protuberant and low-set ears, flaring nostrils, thick lips etc.
By what common name is this condition known, because of
the features described above?
Image in the next slide.
98. Maulana Azad Medical College
Lady Hardinge Medical College
Vardhamana Mahavira Medical College
99. Seen is a Greek belt which was used as an armor belt, or a
kidney belt with metal plates during the times of Homer. By
the time of Alexander, it came to mean any broad belt, which
was a couple of fingers wide, and could be worn by either sex.
What is it called?
101. He is one of the first people
known to have used
‘assurance caps’, having
bought them in bulk from a
woman in a Marseille
brothel. Here, he is seen
testing his condom for
holes by inflating it.
103. This is a 2005 scultpure (titled ‘Heart of Steel’) by German
sculptor Julian Voss-Andreae installed at 1st Street, ”A”
Avenue, City of Lake Oswego, Oregon, USA . The images
show the 1.60 metre tall sculpture right after installation,
after 10 days, and after several months of exposure to the air
What does the sculpture represent? Why was it intentionally
left to rust?
106. It is a radiological sign seen in Hallervorden-Spatz syndrome,
where there is a ring of marked hypointensity (surrounding a
region of high intensity) involving the globus pallidus on T2-
weighted MR images due to excess Iron accumulation. It
named after its resemblance to something, also the title of
something else that came about because someone was not
allowed to use this song.
Just name the sign.
Image in the next slide.
Audio removed. Link - http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NeMrttj8Ucg .
109. Discovered in 1897, it was named after the old botanical
name for Meadowsweet. In the final round of naming
proposals, it came down to two choices, X and Y. The
scientists feared that X might remind customers of a
dangerous medical condition, but Arthur Eichengrun, the
man behind it, argued that Y, which had a prefix Eu-
(meaning "good") was inappropriate because it usually
indicated an improvement over an earlier version of a similar
drug. Since the substance itself was already known, the
company intended to use the new name to establish their
drug as something new. In January 1899 they settled on X.
What are X and Y?
111. With eminent doctors like Dr. Rajan Bhonsle and Dr. Prakash
Kothari in the faculty, KEM Hospital in Mumbai is the only
hospital in the country to have a department dedicated to a
particular branch of medicine.
113. Sketch from someone’s notebook.
Whose? What did this evolve into?
Image in the next slide.
116. As a small child, X would run from room to room for hours on
end. This unnerved her mother who took her to the
renowned child psychiatrist Y. Y diagnosed young X as prey
to an excitement which had yet to find a suitable outlet. In
the coming years, her mother would furnish her with one:
music. After a complete nervous breakdown at eighteen, she
furnished herself with a second one: writing. She went to
receive the Literature Nobel in the early noughties, but
refused to attend the ceremony in person and had her Nobel
lecture telecast to Stockholm citing that public appearance
would ruin her hair.
Gimme X and Y (Images in the next slide).
121. He (1788-1853) was assistant gardener to a famous
physician. His claim to fame rests on what the physician
described as “On the seventh day he complained of uneasiness
in the axilla, and on the ninth he became a little chilly, lost his
appetite, and had a slight head-ache, but on the 10th day he
was perfectly well”. The root cause of his suffering can be
traced back to one Ms. Sarah Nelmes.
Just identify this guy.
123. Paegan Terrorism Tactics is the second album by American
sludge metal band Acid Bath. The album cover features a
painting by a part-time Jazz musician and composer whose
first and only album was a 1997 limited CD release (5,000
copies) titled The ___________ Suite: A Very Still Life. The
album was favourably received and was reviewed by
jazzreview.com as “very much grooviness except for one tune,
with stuff in between that's worthy of multiple spins”.
Just name this painter-musician.
Image in the next slide.
126. X was the Greek god of weddings (or more specifically of the
wedding hymn which was sung by the train of the bride as
she was led to the house of the groom) and presided over
many of the weddings of the deities in Greek mythology. He
is represented in works of art as a youth, and carrying in his
hand a bridal torch. X finds mention in various works of
Literature, like this excerpt from As You Like It:
"'Tis X peoples every town; High wedlock then be honoured.
Honour, high honour, and renown, To X, god of every town!"
Just identify X. Image in the next slide.
129. My idea was to use the Leonardo man ('Vitruvian Man', 1490)
in the circle, replace the man with the X (in my mitered cut
technique) and use Leonardo's composition, extrapolated into
3D. To subtly strengthen that connection I made 'rays' under
'wings' that converge visually where the man's head would be.
This is famous German sculptor Julian Voss-Andrae speaking
about his sculpture titled Angel of the West (after the Angel
of the North), inspired by X and its striking similarity to the
Vitruvian Man, installed in the campus of the Scripps
Research Institute in Florida.
What is X? Image in the next slide.
132. Xs was a concept pioneered by and mandatory for all
members of the Nazi Waffen-SS. But, once the war came to
an end, many members got rid of them to avoid
identification and consequent prosecution and execution.
This a letter from a Waffen-SS soldier - Later, in the prisoner-
of-war camp at Tamsweg, I met Sturmbannfuhrer Liecke from
our division. He brought us to a physician from the 14th SS
Division, who provided us with hydrogen tablets to remove our
Xs. We moistened these tablets and dabbed them on. This was
extremely irritating, but the Xs simply came off after two to
three days. Because of these tablets, I was successful in
passing two inspections conducted by our captors.
What are Xs?
134. Sometime in 1895, an Austrian-German surgeon named
Vincenz Czerny operated on a patient with a benign lumbar
For what purpose did he use the adipose tissue hence
136. I was affably greeted by a couple of chaps lounging at a desk by the
window, drinking coffee. “What’s all this about?” I asked. With an airy
wave of the hand one of them said, “we’ve got this model” indicating an
array of retort stands holding thin brass rods and balls. It meant absolutely
nothing to me and fortunately they did not expose my ignorance by
attempting to explain it in terms I might just have comprehended. Anyway,
I had only come to get a picture so I set up my lights and camera and said
“you’d better stand by it and look portentous” which they lamentably
failed to do, treating my efforts as a bit of a joke. I took four frames of them
with the model and then three or four back with their coffee.
This is photographer Antony Barrington-Brown speaking about a 1950s
assignment. What was this assignment?