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Bernie Kotlier - Energy Efficiency

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Bernie Kotlier - Energy Efficiency

  1. 1. REDUCING ENERGY COSTS Green Energy Solutions for Community, Corporate, and Industrial Facilities <ul><li>Bernie Kotlier </li></ul><ul><ul><li>IBEW-NECA / LMCC California </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Commerce, California </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>March 17, 2010 </li></ul></ul>
  2. 2. <ul><li>The Case for Green Energy </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Cost of Energy (Electricity) Keeps Rising </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Climate Disruption, Including Water Supply </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>National Security / Energy Independence </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Job Creation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Stronger Economy </li></ul></ul>GREEN ENERGY
  3. 3. <ul><li>Driving Forces - Examples: </li></ul><ul><li>California Public Utilities Commission (PUC) Goals </li></ul><ul><ul><li>ALL New Construction ZERO Net Energy by </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2020 Residential </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2030 Commercial </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Likely to be a Model for the U.S. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>For Federal ARRA Funded Projects </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Creates Jobs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Trackable, Reportable Employment Data </li></ul></ul>GREEN ENERGY
  4. 4. <ul><li>Green Energy </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Electricity is a Dominant Theme in Green Energy Because Electricity is the Common Thread and Form in the New Sustainable Energy Economy. Some Key Sources: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Photovoltaic Solar Electricity (“PV”) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Wind Electrical Energy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Solar Thermal Electrical Generation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Electrical Energy Efficiency (EE), and … </li></ul></ul>GREEN ENERGY
  5. 5. <ul><li>The Opportunities </li></ul><ul><li>Most Compelling: COST SAVINGS. Numerous Opportunities; Some Applications: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Distributed Solar PV for Homes, Businesses, and Institutions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Energy Auditing of Buildings </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Applying Energy Efficiency Measures to Buildings Such as Highly Efficient Lighting and Lighting Control Systems </li></ul></ul>GREEN ENERGY
  6. 6. <ul><li>In the Proper Order </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A) Energy Audit </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>B) Energy Efficiency (EE) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>C) Renewable Energy (RE) </li></ul></ul>GREEN ENERGY
  7. 7. <ul><li>Energy Audits are 1st Because </li></ul><ul><ul><li>We Need to Understand the Facility, its Energy Related Systems, Usage, and Costs BEFORE We Make Any Changes. Make Sense? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Would You Like Your Doctor to Operate on You Without Tests and Diagnosis? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>If Your Car is Running Poorly Should the Engine be Replaced Before it is Diagnosed? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>And Then … Should the Most or Least Expensive Measures be Considered First? </li></ul></ul>GREEN ENERGY
  8. 8. <ul><li>Makes Perfect Sense, Yet … </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Solar PV Jobs and Other Energy Related Retrofit Work is Often Done Without First Doing a Comprehensive Facilities Energy Audit </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Prospective Energy Savings are Not always Being Realized to Full Potential Because Property Owners and Managers Do Not Always Have All the Energy Information they Need to Make the Best Decisions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The Energy Audit is the Diagnostic Tool that Provides the Comprehensive Data Required to Reduce Costs and Obtain the Best Return on Investment </li></ul></ul>GREEN ENERGY
  9. 9. <ul><li>And Energy Efficiency is a </li></ul><ul><li>Key Factor </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Facility Energy Efficiency (EE) is Making Interior and Exterior Electrical, Mechanical and Building Envelope Systems Work in a Highly Efficient Manner. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Many EE Measures are Less Expensive Than Providing More Power from the Grid or from Distributed Generation. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The Least Expensive Kilowatt is the One We Don’t Use! </li></ul></ul>GREEN ENERGY
  10. 10. Why Energy Audits? <ul><ul><li>$Billions in Federal Stimulus for EE projects </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Utility, and State incentives for EE projects </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>EE Costs Only 2.5 - 3.0 Cents / KWH </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Energy Auditing <ul><ul><li>Audits Conducted by Expert Contractors </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Two Phases </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>- Screening Survey – Identify the Savings Opportunities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>- Preliminary Energy Assessment (PEA) - Data Capture </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Quick introduction and summary, today </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. About Energy Assessments <ul><ul><li>Goals of facility energy assessment: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Find likely opportunities to save energy and save money </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Maybe retrofit or replace equipment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Make informed decisions </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. Why Energy Assessments? <ul><li>Identify high-return energy efficiency upgrades: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Reduce energy/overhead costs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Improved Operational Efficiency </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Increase productivity via better indoor environment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Increase building asset value … </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Increased Asset Value </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>EE Upgrades </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. Why Energy Assessments? <ul><li>INCREASED ASSET VALUE </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Source: EPA “ENERGY STAR Buildings Partnership” Documentation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>$1 invested >> </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>$2 – $3 increased value </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Increased Asset Value </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>EE Upgrades </li></ul></ul>
  15. 15. Energy Efficiency A Good Investment <ul><li>Source: ENERGY STAR Upgrade Manual for Buildings, EPA, 2004 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Less risky and higher returns than S&P 500 composite </li></ul></ul>
  16. 16. Where the Savings Come From
  17. 17. What Level of Savings Can Screening Surveys Help Uncover? EEM Area Possible Energy Savings Lighting Up to 25 – 50% of lighting energy use Window treatment Up to 10% of cooling energy use Motors Up to 10 – 20% of motor energy use Package units Up to 33 – 50% of package unit energy use Chiller systems Up to 25 – 40% of chiller system energy use Air handling Up to 25 – 50% of air handling energy use Enclosed Parking Ventilation Up to 25 – 50% of parking ventilation system energy use
  18. 18. Good Candidates for EE Measures 100% of 30 year-old buildings that have not undergone EE retrofits 5 10 15 20 25 30 0 Age of building (in years) Percentage of buildings in which common EEMs would be cost effective 35 (PLUS SOME BIG EXCEPTIONS) 30% of 10 year-old buildings that have not undergone EE retrofits 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100%
  19. 19. Good Candidates <ul><ul><li>Newer Buildings, Too </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A L.E.E.D. Gold Building? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Three Year Old Parking Structure in San Luis Obispo </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Built with “Current Technology </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>With High Efficiency Lamps and Controls, Load Reduced by 70%! </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>How? </li></ul></ul>
  20. 20. <ul><li>Savings Example #2 </li></ul><ul><li>Advanced Lighting Controls </li></ul><ul><li>Indoor and Outdoor </li></ul>
  21. 21. Old Lighting System 1.1 W/sq ft Advanced Lighting System 0.5 W/sq ft <ul><li>Cutting Energy and Cost </li></ul><ul><li>With Controls </li></ul>INDOOR LIGHTING
  22. 22. Smart Energy Initiative 50% Savings Potential Parking Lots + Parking Garage Structures
  23. 24. Exterior lighting - Significant opportunity to save energy <ul><li>Parking lots </li></ul><ul><li>Pathway </li></ul><ul><li>Street lighting </li></ul><ul><li>Building </li></ul><ul><li>Signage </li></ul>
  24. 28. Smart lighting - Occupancy control 50% light Wide pattern occupancy sensor system
  25. 29. Smart lighting – Occupancy control 100% light Wide pattern occupancy sensor system
  26. 30. Smart fixture
  27. 31. Motion sensor
  28. 32. Smart sensor
  29. 33. “ Smart” LED fixtures
  30. 34. New Garage Lighting, UC Davis <ul><li>DESCRIPTION / FEATURES: </li></ul><ul><li>50 fixtures installed on Structure’s Top Deck </li></ul><ul><li>Occupancy sensor switches the fixture to high mode when it senses movement and low mode with no occupancy </li></ul><ul><li>Fixtures operate at 110W on high mode and 35W on low mode </li></ul><ul><li>High mode: 35% energy savings </li></ul><ul><li>Low mode: 80% energy savings </li></ul><ul><li>Improved safety with bi-level technology due to visible response to movement </li></ul>
  31. 35. Pre-Retrofit: 175W Metal Halide <ul><li>Average 205 W per fixture / 898 kWh per year per fixture </li></ul><ul><li>10,250 W for lot with 50 fixtures / 44,895 kWh per year </li></ul>
  32. 36. Post-Retrofit: Bi-level Smart LED Fixtures <ul><li>Average 42 W per fixture / 182 kWh per year per fixture </li></ul><ul><li>2,075 W for a lot with 50 fixtures / 9,090 kWh per year </li></ul>
  33. 37. LED Bi-Level Bollard Based on popular existing model … Robust design … Light distribution/intensity control … High system efficacy Wattages: Old--42W CFL, 70W MH, 100W MH New: 40W occupied 15W standby Available now Payback … ~1 yr new constr., … ~4-6 yrs retrofit
  34. 38. Savings Potential <ul><li>Up to 30% savings </li></ul><ul><ul><li>LED </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Induction </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Additional Savings of 20%-40% </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Bi-level controls+Occ Sensor </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Maintenance Cycle </li></ul><ul><ul><li>3 to 6 times longer life </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lamp costs and labor costs reduced </li></ul></ul>
  35. 39. Estimated Parking Lot Usage Patterns Relative Percent Capacity
  36. 40. Savings Potential 2000 Fixtures (kWh) 1,927,200.00 1,892,160.00 2,978,400.00 3,153,600.00 2000 Fixtures @ $0.085/kWh $ 163,812 $ 160,834 $ 253,164 $ 268,056 2000 Fix. w/ bi-level (@30% vacancy) $ 114,668 $ 112,584 $ 177,215 $ 187,639 Net Savings $ 49,144 $ 48,250 $ 75,949 $ 80,417 Payback (Ops+Maint) 1.01 1.53 1.56 1.87
  37. 41. Cutting Costs with Energy Efficiency The Advanced Lighting Controls Program
  38. 42. CALCTP <ul><li>National Energy Conservation Mandates </li></ul><ul><li>There are Federal and State Mandates to reduce energy consumption </li></ul><ul><ul><li>California Investor Owned Electric Utilities are ordered to save around 3 Billion kWh’s each year from 2007-2113 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Federal buildings ordered to reduce electrical energy consumption 35% by 2012 </li></ul></ul>The Need
  39. 43. Lighting accounts for up to 42.7% of energy consumption CALCTP Energy Consumption The Need
  40. 44. Old Lighting System 1.1 W/sq ft Advanced Lighting System 0.5 W/sq ft CALCTP <ul><li>Cutting Energy and Cost: </li></ul>The Need
  41. 45. The Program a
  42. 46. CALCTP Program Goal: Promoting, installing and maintaining effective, energy-efficient lighting for commercial applications. The Program
  43. 47. CLTC SCE IBEW NECA PG&E SDG&E SMUD Manufacturers CA Community Colleges CALCTP A Collaborative Effort The Program
  44. 48. CALCTP <ul><li>The Advanced Lighting Control Program </li></ul><ul><li>Established to provide support to help select, design, and install lighting systems that are: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Energy-efficient & cost effective. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Installed and function correctly. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Improve the quality of the lighting for commercial facilities. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Focuses on how to develop lighting controls business for commercial, industrial, institutional, and outdoor applications. </li></ul>The Program
  45. 49. CALCTP <ul><li>Financing EE Projects </li></ul><ul><li>CALCTP Certified Contractors Can Help With </li></ul><ul><li>Types of Financing and Options </li></ul><ul><li>How to Assess Financing Options </li></ul><ul><li>Project Financing Resources </li></ul><ul><li>Making the Project a Reality </li></ul>The Program
  46. 50. CALCTP <ul><li>Financing EE Projects </li></ul><ul><li>Types and Options </li></ul><ul><li>Cash </li></ul><ul><li>Bank Loans </li></ul><ul><li>Leasing </li></ul><ul><li>Utility Programs Including </li></ul><ul><li>On-Bill Financing </li></ul><ul><li>Federal / State Programs </li></ul><ul><li>Non Traditional Financing </li></ul><ul><li> - Insurance benefits </li></ul><ul><li> - Tax Deductions </li></ul>The Program
  47. 51. CALCTP Many Program Graduates
  48. 52. <ul><li>Saving Measure #3 </li></ul><ul><li>Solar Photovoltaic - PV </li></ul><ul><li>(Short Version is this Facility) </li></ul>GREEN ENERGY
  49. 53. <ul><li>Keys to Energy Savings Summary </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1. Energy Audit </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2. Energy Efficiency Measures to Reduce Cost </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>3. PV Solar Renewable Distributed Generation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>(Find the Best Contractors for the Job) </li></ul></ul>GREEN ENERGY
  50. 54. Thank You. Questions? <ul><ul><li>For Energy Survey, and Expert Contractor Referrals, Contact: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tom Martinez at 626-786-4865 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Jim Willson at 626-792-6322 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul></ul>CUTTING COSTS with GREEN ENERGY
  51. 55. Thank You. <ul><li>Bernie Kotlier </li></ul><ul><ul><li>IBEW-NECA / LMCC California </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Commerce, CA </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>March 17, 2009 </li></ul></ul>CUTTING COSTS with GREEN ENERGY

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