Nusantara logistics chain togar & setijadi 10 april 2012

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The presentation is composed to propose a new concept of Nusantara Logistics Chain (NLC) that connect Indonesia with other ASEAN countries.

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  • Interesting Prof. Currently I do research on how industry clusters may drive economic development in Indonesia. Logistic is surely one important element of it. These slides help me a lot!
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Nusantara logistics chain togar & setijadi 10 april 2012

  1. 1. Nusantara Logistics Chain:Linking Indonesia Logistics to ASEAN Logistics Togar M. Simatupang & Setijadi Indonesian Society for Logistics and Supply Chain 11 March 2013
  2. 2. Overview1. Logistics versus Supply Chain2. Indonesia’s National Logistics System3. ASEAN Logistics Network4. Nusantara Logistics Chain5. Concluding Remarks 2
  3. 3. Logistics versus Supply Chain 3
  4. 4. Logistics and Supply ChainSource: Markus Hesse and Jean-Paul Rodrigue (2004), "The This chart illustrates the relationship among materialstransport geography of logistics and freight distribution", management, physical distribution, logistics management, andJournal of Transport Geography, Vol. 12, No. 3, pp. 171–184. supply chain management. Distribution is a component of logisticshttp://www.wtgblog.com/history-of-logistics-and-supply- management, and logistics management is a component of supplychain-management-infographic/ 4 chain management.
  5. 5. The Scope of a Supply Chain, Logistics Chains and Transport ChainsSource: http://people.hofstra.edu/geotrans/eng/ch5en/conc5en/scope_supply_chain.html 5
  6. 6. Trade Logistics 6Source: http://people.hofstra.edu/geotrans/eng/ch5en/conc5en/tradechain.html
  7. 7. Logistics ServicesSource: http://www.scm-operations.com/2012/01/logistics-management-concept-literature.html 7
  8. 8. Layers to Logistics Services 8Source: http://people.hofstra.edu/geotrans/eng/ch5en/conc5en/layers_to_logistics_services.html
  9. 9. Segmentation of logistics service providersSource: Baumgarten, H. and Zadek, H. (2003), Segmente der Logistikdienstleister, TU Berlin Visuality. 9
  10. 10. Source: http://www.perceptant.com/services_supply_cas.shtml 10
  11. 11. DHL Supply Chain ServicesProcurement Services Finished Goods Warehousing Reverse LogisticsRaw Materials Warehousing Assembly and Packing services Environmental ComplianceRaw Materials TransportationInternational Supply Chain ManagementSource: http://www.dp-dhl.com/en/about_us/corporate_divisions/supply_chain.html 11
  12. 12. Indonesia’s National Logistics System 12
  13. 13. National Logistics System &Indonesia Economic Master Plan (MP3EI) Economic Mission 2025 Self sufficient, advanced, just, and prosperous Indonesia MP3EI 1 2 Economic Connectivity Corridors National Logistics System Improving Improving competitiveness Prosperity IPTEK / Science & Tech INOVASI 3 13
  14. 14. Six Key Drivers of National Logistics System (NLS) Key Commodity National Competitiveness Logistics Infrastructure Logistics Service Providers Human Resources Information and Communication Technology (ICT) Social Welfare Harmonization of RegulationSource: PERPRES No. 26 Tahun 2012 tentang Cetak Biru Pengembangan SISLOGNAS 14
  15. 15. Implementation Framework Locally Integrated and Globally Connected for National Competitiveness and Social MP3EI Wellfare SDM SDM SDM Regulasi dan Kebijakan Corridor Papua & Maluku P Infrastruktur Transportasi K Corridor Sulawesi R O Saluran Distribusi O D N S Corridor Kalimantan Grosir Distributor Pasar Ritel U S U M Corridor Bali dan Nusra Pelaku dan Penyedia Jasa Logistik E N E N Corridor Jawa Infrastruktur Infomasi (TIK) Corridor Sumatra Regulasi dan Kebijakan SDM SDM SDM Program and Action Plan Strategy, Program, and Action Ministries, Province/Regency/City Plan Mid Term of National Development Plan 15Sumber: Sislognas (2012) Background Substances The challenges of implementation
  16. 16. Indonesia’s Logistics Industry• Frost & Sullivan predicts Indonesia’s logistics industry to grow by 14.5 percent to Rp1,634 trillion (US$168.3 billion) in 2013.• The result of poor connectivity, processes and weak infrastructure was evident in many price differentials and transportation problems in Indonesia. 16
  17. 17. ASEAN Logistics Network 17
  18. 18. Master Plan on ASEAN Connectivity 18
  19. 19. Source: http://asiafoundation.org/in-asia/2010/09/22/philippines-spearheads-asean-effort-to-establish-regional-ro-ro-sea-transport-network/ 19
  20. 20. Asia-wide Partnership for Seamless Logistics 20 Source: http://www.iist.or.jp/wf/magazine/0508/0508_E.html
  21. 21. ASEAN-Japan-India Logistics NetworkSource:http://www.mofa.go.jp/policy/oda/white/2011/html/honbun/b1/s3_2.html 21
  22. 22. Nusantara Logistics Chain 22
  23. 23. Key drivers and restraints for Indonesia transportation & logistics marketPoor infrastructure development, together with unavailability of qualifiedprofessionals, will still be a major constraint hindering Indonesia logisticindustry development in several years ahead. 23
  24. 24. Insight of Nusantara Logistics Chain 24
  25. 25. The concept of Nusantara Logistics Chain (NLC) Inclusive The development of an Businesses Land Use integrated transport Local Population system, consisting of Economic different modes and with strong relationships Development Green Logistics between the Logistics Landscape development of the The Environment transport system, theLogistics economic development,Services the land use Transport development and the System environmental impacts of these developments. Logistics Chain Logistics Corridors 25
  26. 26. The implementation of Nusantara Logistics Chain Economic Policy: Public Awareness: Tax incentives, subsidies and financial aids for inclusive Public education, promotion, business, private-public training partnership Legal Support: Enforceable laws and regulation, guidelines and procedures, penalty for violationInfrastructure and Public Technology: Contribution and Provision of logistics infrastructure, Investment in Participation: appropriate Forum of Development,technology, standardization of Institution building, Logistics practices and procedures Competencies Development 26
  27. 27. The Benefits of Logistics ImprovementsSource: http://people.hofstra.edu/geotrans/eng/ch5en/appl5en/benefits_logistics_improvements.html 27
  28. 28. The Proposed Leverages1. Logistics Landscape2. Logistics and supply chain for development3. Single window4. Multi modal transport system5. Coastal Logistics6. Network based logistics visibility platform7. Logistics Business Development8. Green Logistics9. Development forums for Nusantara logistics chain at each economic corridor 28
  29. 29. 1. Logistics Landscape 29Source: http://aftercity.mit.edu/?p=479
  30. 30. 2. Logistics for DevelopmentNodes, Linkagesand Urban Form Source: http://people.hofstra.edu/geotrans/eng/ch6en/conc6en/nodeslinkages.html 30
  31. 31. 3. Single Window System Two Pillars Policy: Trade-System & Port-System  Trade-System (“TradeNet”) : Aims to improve and speed up services in export-import Customs documents clearance (Flow of Document)  Port-System (“PortNet”) : - import/ Export Declaration - In/Outward Cargo Manifest Aims to support the acceleration of cargo handling in - Import/Export Approval export-import goods traffic (Flow of Goods)  Trade-System, as one of main pillars in NSW System - Info Manifest/RKSP - Loading/Disch.List - Info Manifest will exchange data through NSW Portal: - Utilization Rep - In/Out Reconciliation - License Reconc.  from Customs System :realization of Data import/Export  from Trade System (GA) :licensing export Import - Info Vessel  Port-System,as one of main pillars in NSW System will Port - Info CY/ WH - Cont.Tracking Trade exchange data through NSW Portal: - Sea/ Air-Port Permit - import/Export Licensing  FromCustoms System : - Goods/Ships Handling - import/Export Regulation  Cargo Manifest (inward/outward) - Loading/Disch.Goods - In/Out Goods - Trade Information  Release Approval (SPPB/PE)  FromPort System (GA) :  Discharge List/Loading List  Gate in/Gate out List 31Source: http://www.insw.go.id/
  32. 32. 4. Multi Modal Transport System Source: http://people.hofstra.edu/geotrans/eng/ch3en/conc3en/multimodal.html 32
  33. 33. Source: http://sic.ici.ro/sic2006_2/art07.html 33
  34. 34. 5. Coastal LogisticsTransport of resin chipsbetween the EhimePlant and Nagoya Plantwas switched to coastalshipping routes 34 Source: http://www.toray.com/guideline/forcustomers/ethics/eth_002.html
  35. 35. 6.Networked Logistics Platforms Source: http://www.clresearch.com/research/detail.cfm?guid=07598B62-3048-79ED-99F8- 35 974CD7202097
  36. 36. 7. Logistics Business DevelopmentSource: http://www.scandria.eu/en/scandria-logistic-business-development-strategy.html 36
  37. 37. 8. Green LogisticsGreen or sustainablelogistics is concernedwith reducingenvironmental andother negativeimpacts associatedwith the movementof supplies. Source: http://log.logcluster.org/operational-environment/green-logistics/index.html 37
  38. 38. Concluding Remarks 38
  39. 39. Concluding Remarks• Indonesia’s macro logistics is considered as high economy costs that prevent industrialization and new business investment.• Bottlenecks in the transportation and logistics industry include underdeveloped infrastructure, conflicting regulation, inefficiencies in goods movement, and paper- based trade facilitation.• Indonesia’s national logistics system has been formulated and issued by the Government. However, the system still lacks of public awareness and fragmented to the local economic development.• Nusantara Logistics Chain is introduced to enhance interlink between logistics landscape to social and economic development for empowering the growth of inclusive business that increase value added of local resources.• Leverages available to Nusantara Logistics Chain include: Logistics Landscape, Logistics and supply chain for development, Single window system, Multi modal transport system, Coastal Logistics, Network based logistics visibility platform, Logistics Business Development, Green Logistics, and Development forums for Nusantara logistics chain at each economic corridor. 39
  40. 40. Thank You 40

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