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Asia Logistics Insights: Driving Continuous Improvement to Make Indonesia a Logistics Hub in Asia-Pacific

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What is the position of Indonesia in ASEAN logistics? How is the benchmarking of logistics development in Japan and ASEAN Countries? What is the appropriate logistics system applied in Indonesia? Can Indonesia achieve efficient logistics performance or exceed other countries?

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Asia Logistics Insights: Driving Continuous Improvement to Make Indonesia a Logistics Hub in Asia-Pacific

  1. 1. Asia Logistics Insights: Driving Continuous Improvement to Make Indonesia a Logistics Hub in Asia-Pacific Togar M. Simatupang School of Business and Management Bandung Institute of Technology Presented at Jakarta International Logistics Summit & Expo and Indonesia Transportation Supply Chain and Logistics (ITSCL) at JIEXPO Kemayoran Jakarta 19-21 October 2016 1
  2. 2. Overview • Problem Statement • ASEAN Logistics Outlook: Logistics Hub • Benchmarking • Proposed Logistics System in Indonesia • Concluding Remarks 2
  3. 3. Problem Statement 3
  4. 4. Questions • What is the position of Indonesia in ASEAN logistics? • How is the benchmarking of logistics development in Japan and ASEAN Countries? • What is the appropriate logistics system applied in Indonesia? • Can Indonesia achieve efficient logistics performance or exceed other countries? 4
  5. 5. ASEAN Logistics Outlook: Logistics Hub 5
  6. 6. Why AEC is so attractive? 6
  7. 7. Larger portion of total middle class population is coming from Asia and ASEAN 7
  8. 8. Source: http://aseanup.com/overview-of-e-commerce-in-southeast-asia/ 8
  9. 9. ASEAN ECONOMIC COMMUNITY (AEC) 9
  10. 10. 10 Source: http://asiafoundation.org/in-asia/2010/09/22/philippines-spearheads-asean- effort-to-establish-regional-ro-ro-sea-transport-network/
  11. 11. Asia-wide Partnership for Seamless Logistics 11 Source: http://www.iist.or.jp/wf/magazine/0508/0508_E.html
  12. 12. ASEAN-Japan-India Logistics Network 12 Source: http://www.mofa.go.jp/policy/oda/whi te/2011/html/honbun/b1/s3_2.html
  13. 13. Indonesia Logistics Costs Can Match Asian Peers in Two Decades • Indonesia is on the right trajectory to reduce its logistics costs to 19 percent of its gross domestic products (GDP) by 2020. • Government efforts to modernize ports and open up the logistics sector to foreign investment. • Total logistics costs could further decline to 9 percent of the GDP by 2035 with further reform in port operating models and the development of better port infrastructure. • The country would need to consolidate its fragmented forwarding industry and solve unbalanced cargo flows between its islands. • Today logistics costs account for 26 percent of Indonesia's $861 billion economy. • The is one of the worst numbers in all of Asia, and far behind Singapore's 8 percent, Malaysia's 14 percent, Japan's 9 percent and South Korea's 13 percent of GDP. – Roland Berger: "From our analysis, Indonesia has the potential to bring [down] the cost of logistics ... but it must escalate reforms in the industry to achieve this ambitious target. The public and private sectors need to work collaboratively to reduce this burden,“ Source: http://jakartaglobe.beritasatu.com/business/indonesia-logistics-costs-can-match-asian-peers-two- decades-roland-berger/ 13
  14. 14. Benchmarking 14
  15. 15. Thailand’s International Trade Logistics Policies and Measures Source: Chackrit Duangphastra (2011) 15
  16. 16. Thailand Electronic Trade Logistics Forwarder Customs Broker Trucking Warehouse Shipper Consignee Airlines Global NetworkDomestic Network ASEAN Single Window EAST ASIA Global Logistics Network Europe Thailand e-Logistics Portal 16
  17. 17. Capacity Building Progress Report for Thailand 17
  18. 18. SCG Logistics in Cambodia Source: Nithi Patarachoke (2012) 18
  19. 19. JICA’s Comprehensive Approach to Trade and Investment 19
  20. 20. Streamlining Trade Procedures and Distribution Logistics 20 Rationale Lower the cost and risk of transnational economic activity and promote the efficient division of labor within the region. Improve the efficiency not only of production activities but also of distribution between production centers and from production to consumption sites. JapanEast Asia Physical Infrastructure Advancements in information technology and the standardization of distribution tools such as pallets Current Cooperation Emphasis on logistics (e.g. Just In Time, Supply Chain Management) Future Priority Action Target Reduce within five years the time needed to deliver goods from the point of production to destinations by more than two third Actions Plan  Training of Certified Logistics Master  Promotion of IT in the logistics sector  More efficient customs clearance Streamlining the flow of goods Private Sector Needs Source: Satoshi Suenega (2004), "Japan’s Technical Cooperation in Logistics", Technical Cooperation Division, Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry.
  21. 21. Indonesia as a Logistics Hub in Asia- Pacific 21
  22. 22. Key drivers and restraints for Indonesia transportation & logistics market Poor infrastructure development, together with unavailability of qualified professionals, will still be a major constraint hindering Indonesia logistic industry development in several years ahead. 22
  23. 23. Insight of Nusantara Logistics Chain 23
  24. 24. Indonesia’s Logistics Sector: Making Connections • At 24% of GDP, Indonesia’s logistics costs are significantly higher than most other countries in the region. • Bringing this down to 16% of GDP, the same as Thailand, would realise huge savings of some $80 billion USD a year, according to World Bank calculations. • Infrastructure development as planned by the government will reduce this to 19.2% by 2019. • While an improvement, this is well above the 8% of GDP typical for developed nations leaving plenty of scope for investment and innovative solutions as companies seek to reduce their logistical burdens. It is important for Indonesia’s logistics sector to start adopting a more integrated approach that ensures efficiencies across the entire supply chain Source: http://www.gbgindonesia.com/en/services/article/2016/indonesia_s_logistics_sector_making_connections_11383.php 24
  25. 25. Supply Chain Integration International Suppliers International Freight Destination Markets Management & Co-ordination of the Global Supply Chains between Manufacturers and Regional DC/ Retail Outlets DrayageCustomsInsuranceFinancing Port Services Shipping Lines Frt. Fwd Asia Export DC Export volume from each port of loading, e.g. HK, Shanghai, etc. Order volume from each DC/destination Logistics Model Buyer Consolidation at Source De-Consolidation at Destination Shipment Equipment Carrier & Network Selection Frequency and Schedule of Shipments Forecast Coverage & Demand Velocity Strategic locations of inventory Storage cost differential Replenishment Model Order Processing Source: Tommy Lui (2011) 25
  26. 26. The concept of Nusantara Logistics Chain (NLC) Land Use Population Logistics Chain Local Economic Development Transport System The Environment The development of an integrated transport system, consisting of different modes and with strong relationships between the development of the transport system, the economic development, the land use development and the environmental impacts of these developments. Logistics Corridors Logistics Landscape Inclusive Businesses Logistics Services Green Logistics 26
  27. 27. The implementation of Nusantara Logistics Chain Economic Policy: Tax incentives, subsidies and financial aids for inclusive business, private-public partnership Public Awareness: Public education, promotion, training Legal Support: Enforceable laws and regulation, guidelines and procedures, penalty for violation Infrastructure and Technology: Provision of logistics infrastructure, Investment in appropriate technology, standardization of practices and procedures Public Contribution and Participation: Forum of Development, Institution building, Logistics Competencies Development 27
  28. 28. The Benefits of Logistics Improvements Source: http://people.hofstra.edu/geotrans/eng/ch5en/appl5en/benefits_logistics_improvements.html 28
  29. 29. The Proposed Leverages 29 1.Logistics Landscape 2. Logistics and supply chain for development 3. Single window 4. Multi modal transport system 5. Coastal Logistics 6. Network based logistics visibility platform 7. Logistics Business Development 8. Green Logistics 9. Development forums for Nusantara logistics chain at each economic corridor
  30. 30. 1. Logistics Landscape Source: http://aftercity.mit.edu/?p=479 30
  31. 31. 2. Logistics for Development Source: http://people.hofstra.edu/geotrans/eng/ch6en/conc6en/nodeslinkages.html Nodes, Linkages and Urban Form 31
  32. 32. 3. Single Window System Source: http://www.insw.go.id/ Two Pillars Policy: Trade-System & Port-System  Trade-System (“TradeNet”) : Aims to improve and speed up services in export-import documents clearance (Flow of Document)  Port-System (“PortNet”) : Aims to support the acceleration of cargo handling in export-import goods traffic (Flow of Goods)  Trade-System, as one of main pillars in NSW System will exchange data through NSW Portal:  from Customs System :realization of Data import/Export  from Trade System (GA) :licensing export Import  Port-System,as one of main pillars in NSW System will exchange data through NSW Portal:  FromCustoms System :  Cargo Manifest (inward/outward)  Release Approval (SPPB/PE)  FromPort System (GA) :  Discharge List/Loading List  Gate in/Gate out List Customs TradePort - import/Export Licensing - import/Export Regulation - Trade Information - Info Manifest - Utilization Rep - License Reconc. - import/ Export Declaration - In/Outward Cargo Manifest - Import/Export Approval - Sea/ Air-Port Permit - Goods/Ships Handling - Loading/Disch.Goods - In/Out Goods - Info Vessel - Info CY/ WH - Cont.Tracking - Info Manifest/RKSP - Loading/Disch.List - In/Out Reconciliation 32
  33. 33. 4. Multi Modal Transport System Source: http://people.hofstra.edu/geotrans/eng/ch3en/conc3en/multimodal.html 33
  34. 34. Source: http://sic.ici.ro/sic2006_2/art07.html 34
  35. 35. 5. Coastal Logistics Transport of resin chips between the Ehime Plant and Nagoya Plant was switched to coastal shipping routes Source: http://www.toray.com/guideline/forcustomers/ethics/eth_002.html 35
  36. 36. 6.Networked Logistics Platforms Source: http://www.clresearch.com/research/detail.cfm?guid=07598B62-3048-79ED-99F8- 974CD7202097 36
  37. 37. 7. Logistics Business Development Source: http://www.scandria.eu/en/scandria-logistic-business-development-strategy.html 37
  38. 38. 8. Green Logistics Source: http://log.logcluster.org/operational-environment/green-logistics/index.html Green or sustainable logistics is concerned with reducing environmental and other negative impacts associated with the movement of supplies. 38
  39. 39. Sistem Logistik Ikan Nasional (SLIN) 39
  40. 40. Jenis Rantai Pasokan Ikan Rantai Pasok Berorientasi Transaksi Rantai Pasok Berorientasi Kapasitas Rantai Pasok Berorientasi Integrasi Penyimpanan Pengadaan Transportasi Distribusi Penyimpanan Pengadaan Transportasi Distribusi Penyimpanan Pengadaan Transportasi Distribusi Ranah kewenangan Provinsi dan Wilayah Pengelolaan Perikanan Ranah kewenangan Pusat dan Antar Wilayah Pengelolaan Perikanan • Transaksi niaga sesuai pasar lokal. • Kepentingan masing-masing untuk meningkatkan margin. • Tidak ada koordinasi antar pelaku sepanjang rantai logistik. • Kementerian hanya menjadi regulator dan pengawas. • Transaksi niaga sesuai pasar klaster. • Kepentingan bersama untuk meningkatkan kapasitas. • Ada koordinasi pemecahan masalah lokal. • Inisiatif daerah dengan dukungan kementerian. • Kontrak niaga sesuai pasar nasional. • Kepentingan bersama untuk menjamin ketersediaan dan stabilisasi harga. • Ada koordinasi penjaminan mutu dan kestabilan harga. • Inisiatif kementerian dengan pelaksana operator koodinator. 40
  41. 41. Tingkat Kedewasaan Tatakelola Rantai Pasokan Ikan Tatakelola rantai pasokan perikanan yang bertanggung jawab adalah suatu prinsip yang berstandar internasional bersifat sukarela dan global untuk mencapai rantai pasok perikanan yang lestari. Transaksional: berdagang dan sendiri-sendiri Bertanggung- Jawab: patuh dan beretika Terpadu: transparan dan berstandar Cerdas: cepat tanggap dan inovatif Tatakelola rantai pasok terintegrasi adalah transparansi ketelusuran aliran barang, aliran informasi permintaan dan persediaan, dan aliran keuangan di sepanjang titik rantai pasokan. 41
  42. 42. Arsitektur Logistik Efektif Mutu Tinggi – Biaya Rendah – Waktu Antar Pendek Integrasi Hulu-Hilir Governansi Hulu-Hilir Proses (SOP) Standar Kapasitas Logistik Nilai Tambah dan Daya Saing Kerjasama, Insentif, Infrastruktur, ITK, SDM, Kelembagaan, Jasa Logistik 42 Manajemen rantai pasokan (MRP) menyangkut pengelolaan kegiatan dan hubungan di dalam perusahaan, dengan pemasok, dengan pelanggan, atau rantai pasokan secara keseluruhan. Dimensi MRP adalah: • Koordinasi kegiatan bisnis di dalam pelaku • Kerjasama kegiatan bisnis antar pelaku atau agen rantai pasok
  43. 43. Konsep Kreasi Rantai Nilai Ikan Kreasi Nilai: 1. Peningkatan Kapasitas Rantai Logistik 2. Peningkatan Integrasi Rantai Pasok 3. Efektivitas Tata Kelola Rantai Pasok Ko-Kreasi: 1. Inovasi bersama dan terbuka 2. Kemitraan 3. Pembiayaan Kemampuan: 1. Transparansi 2. Standarisasi 3. Sertifikasi 4. Ketelusuran Tawaran Pengungkit Nilai: Isu-Isu Logistik Ikan: 1. Ketidakstabilan pasokan dan sumberdaya ikan 2. Disparitas geografi, ketersediaan, dan harga 3. Lemahnya partisipasi perbaikan mutu Kreasi Nilai Sosial: 1. Kestabilan pasokan ikan dan harga 2. Efisien rantai pasokan dan kelestarian ekosistem 3. Penciptaan usaha baru dan pendapatan yang berkeadilan Penyimpanan Distribusi Transportasi Pengadaan Rantai Pasokan Terintegrasi hulu-hilir Kapasitas Rantai Logistik Tata kelola rantai pasokan 43
  44. 44. Portofolio Rencana Induk SLIN SEKTOR HULU SEKTOR HILIR PERIKANAN TANGKAP PERIKANAN BUDIDAYA PENGOLAHAN DAN PEMASARAN HASIL PERIKANAN KONSUMEN Konsumsi Ikan Industri Pengolahan Ikan Tuna Tongkol Cakalang (TTC), kembung, bandeng Tuna Tongkol Cakalang (TTC), kembung, bandeng Keterkaitan fungsional (integrasi) rantai pasok hulu hilir dengan kesatuan tindakan dalam ikanan kelembagaan Kondisi yang diharapkan: ada jaminan ketersediaan pasokan, peningkatan harga di level produsen, stabilitasi harga antar musim Pentahapan Pengembangan Sistem Logistik Ikan: 1. Bertanggung-jawab 2. Transparansi 3. Standarisari 4. Sertifikasi 5. Stabilisasi 6. Inovasi 7. Kecerdasan Rancang Bangun Sistem Logistik: 1. Pengelolaan produksi dan pemasaran 2. Sarana dan Prasarana 3. Iptek dan kapasitas SDM 4. Teknologi informasi dan komunikasi 5. Jasa logistik 6. Kelembagaan Dukungan prakarsa pemangku kepentingan lokal dalam mewujudkan ketahanan pangan ikan daerah dan kerjasama dengan prakarsa nasional sistem logistik yang terintegrasi.. Kebijakan Prioritas Produk: 1. Bahan baku: TTC, kembung, bandeng 2. Ikan beku melalui rantai pendingin (cold storage) 44
  45. 45. Rancang Bangun SLIN Tujuan Sasaran Strategi Program Meningkatkan kapasitas dan stabilisasi sistem produksi dan pemasaran perikanan nasional. Memperkuat dan memperluas konektivitas antara sentra produksi hulu, produksi hilir, dan pemasaran secara efisien. Meningkatkan efisiensi manajemen rantai pasokan ikan, bahan dan alat produksi, serta informasi dari hulu sampai dengan hilir. Terwujudnya peningkatan kapasitas dan stabilisasi sistem produksi dan pemasaran Terwujudkan penguatan dan perluasan konektivitas antara sentra produksi hulu, produksi hilir, dan pemasaran Terwujudnya efisiensi manajemen rantai pasokan ikan, bahan dan alat produksi, serta informasi dari hulu sampai hilir Pengelolaan produksi dan pemasaran di bidang perikanan Penyediaan dan pengembangan sarana dan prasarana Pengembangan iptek, dan peningkatan kapasitas SDM Pemanfaatan dan pengembangan TIK di bidang perikanan Pengembangan jasa logistik di bidang perikanan Pengembangan kelembagaan dan tata kelola di bidang perikanan • Integrasi pias atau jalur logistik nasional dari produksi ke pemasaran • Pembinaan pengembangan sistem logistik ikan daerah • Sistem standar mutu dan keamanan serta sertifikasi • Penyediaan sarana dan prasarana logistik pendingin • Pengembangan inovasi iptek produksi, pemasaran, dan logistik perikanan • Pengembangan pendidikan, pelatihan, dan penyuluhan di bidang produksi, pemasaran, dan logistik • Penyediaan dan diseminasi informasi produksi dan pemasaran • Pengembangan sistem informasi manajemen logistik ikan nasional • Pengembangan sistem ketelusuran • Pengembangan usaha dan investasi bidang jasa logistik perikanan • Jaringan layanan penyedia jasa logistik perikanan • Pemberian insentif bagi jasa penyedia logistik • Pengembangan kelembagaan pengelolaan SLIN • Pembentukan kelembagaan pendukung SLIN pada tingkat pusat, provinsi, dan kota/kabupaten • Tata kelola akuntabilitas kelembagaan45
  46. 46. Tata Kelola Implementasi pengembangan SLIN dilakukan secara sinergi dan terpadu di seluruh daerah dengan dua pendekatan: • Atas-bawah: pengembangan pias logistik ikan nasional yang dipilih berdasarkan potensi integrasi sentra produksi dan konsumsi. • Bawah-atas: pengembangan sistem logistik ikan daerah menuju pemberdayaan komoditi keunggulan daerah dan ketahanan pangan ikan. Kebijakan tata kelola: • Penyelarasan kepentingan pelaku dalam SLIN dengan prinsip kerjasama. • Pengembangan, implementasi, dan replikasi untuk mencapai tujuan termasuk sertifikasi. Kajian Kelayakan Rencana Tindak Implementasi Pemantauan dan Evaluasi Sosialisasi, kemitraan saling menguntungkan, pelatihan, sistem ukuran kinerja, teknologi Tahapan 1-6 bulan 7-12 bulan 13-18 bulan 19-24 bulan Kajian Kelayakan Kerjasama Rencana Tindak Implementasi Pemantauan dan Evaluasi Tahapan Pengembangan Program SLIN 46
  47. 47. Peta Jalan SLIN Bertanggung-jawab Tranparansi: registrasi, sistem informasi, dan ketelurusan Standarisasi Sertifikasi Stabilisasi 2016 2017 2018 2020 2019 47
  48. 48. Concluding Remarks 48
  49. 49. Concluding Remarks • The logistics industry is presented with new opportunities, such as the growing importance of intra-regional markets, the expansion of E-Commerce and in providing specialized services to a range of industry sectors. • Indonesia’s macro logistics is considered as high economy costs that prevent industrialization and new business investment. • Bottlenecks in the transportation and logistics industry include underdeveloped infrastructure, conflicting regulation, inefficiencies in goods movement, and paper-based trade facilitation. • Indonesia’s national logistics system has been formulated and issued by the Government. However, the system still lacks of public awareness and fragmented to the local economic development. • Nusantara Logistics Chain is introduced to enhance interlink between logistics landscape to social and economic development for empowering the growth of inclusive business that increase value added of local resources. • Leverages available to Nusantara Logistics Chain include: Logistics Landscape, Logistics and supply chain for development, Single window system, Multi modal transport system, Coastal Logistics, Network based logistics visibility platform, Logistics Business Development, Green Logistics, and Development forums for Nusantara logistics chain at each economic corridor. 49
  50. 50. Thank You 50
  • MbomziMtiki

    Nov. 25, 2016

What is the position of Indonesia in ASEAN logistics? How is the benchmarking of logistics development in Japan and ASEAN Countries? What is the appropriate logistics system applied in Indonesia? Can Indonesia achieve efficient logistics performance or exceed other countries?

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