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Isaac newton


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Isaac newton

  1. 1. By Jesse Ruediger
  2. 2. Outline1.  Picture    2.  Introduction  3.  Family  4.  Childhood  5.  Timeline    6.  Characteristics  7.  What  he  explored  8.  Who  he  admired  9.  What  he  invented  or  discovered  10.  How  his  inventions  changed  the  world  
  3. 3. Isaac  Newton  
  4. 4. Introduction  Isaac  was  one  of  the  greatest  early  scientists  (before   Albert  Einstein)    Born  Christmas  Day,  1642  in  Woolsthorpe,  England    3 months premature, no one thought that he would live  Father  died  3  months  before  born    Died  in  London  on  March  31st,  1727  (85  years)  
  5. 5. Family    Mothers  name  was  Hannah  Ayscough    Father  died  3  months  before  he  was  born    Mother  remarried  a  man  named  Barnabas  Smith,  a   wealthy  rector,  when  Isaac  was  3  years  old    He  had  to  go  and  live  with  his  grandma    Most  of  their  family  income  came  from  raising  sheep   for  the  wool  
  6. 6. Childhood    Isaac  was  lonely  and  always  by  himself    Mother  married  twice  and  both  fathers  died    Mother  wanted  him  to  become  a  farmer  when  he   grew  up  (didn’t  want  to)       Went  to  a  school  called  King  School  until  age  17    Went  to  The  Trinity  College  after      Education  was  not  important  for  this  family    Was  very  religious  
  7. 7. Timeline  1  of  3    December  25th,  1642  -­‐  Isaac  is  born    1646  –  mother,  Hannah  remarried  and  moved  away    1653  -­‐  death  of  Hannahs  second  husband    1661  -­‐  Isaac  enrolls  in  Trinity  College,  in  Cambridge,  England    July  1662:  ·∙Founding  of  the  Royal  Society    1665:  ·∙Newton  receives  his  Bachelor  of  Arts  from  Trinity  College    1666:  ·∙Fire  in  London.  Outbreak  of  plague  drives  Newton  to  retire   to  his  mothers  home  in  Woolsthorpe.      1669:  ·∙Newton  appointed  Lucasian  Chair  of  Mathematics  at  Trinity,   a  position  he  will  hold  for  the  next  thirty-­‐four  years.    January  11,  1672:  ·∙Newton  elected  to  the  Royal  Society    February  1672:  ·∙Newtons  paper  on  optics  and  his  prism   experiments  sent  to  the  Society.  Rivalry    with  Hooke  begins.  
  8. 8. Timeline  2  of  3    1670s:  ·∙Newton  works  on  the  mathematics  of  gravitation  in  his  home  in   Cambridge.    1674:  ·∙Hooke  writes  book  in  which  he  suggests  existence  of  "attractive  powers,"   akin  to  gravity.    1679:  ·∙Death  of  Hannah  Newton    January  1684:  ·∙Hooke  discusses  principle  of  inverse  squares  with  Christopher   Wren  and  Halley    August  1684:  ·∙Halley  goes  to  visit  Newton  in  Cambridge,  where  they  discuss  the   principle  inverse  squares  and  its  relationship  with  planetary  orbits.    November  1684:  ·∙Newton  completes  his  calculations  on  gravity  and  shares  them   with  Halley,  who  urges  him  to  publish.    February  1685:  ·∙Newton  sends  a  brief  treatise,  Propositiones  de  Motu,  to  the   Royal  Society,  outlining  his  findings.    April  1686:  ·∙Newton  presents  the  first  book  of  the  Principia  to  the  Royal  Society.    September  1687:  ·∙Publication  of  the  complete  Principia  
  9. 9. Timeline  3  of  3    1689:  ·∙Newton  elected  as  Cambridges  representative  to  Parliament.    1693:  ·∙Newtons  "Black  Year."  He  is  plagued  by  depression  and  insomnia,  and   apparently  suffers  a  nervous  breakdown  in  September.    1695:  ·∙Newton  appointed  warden  of  the  Mint,  to  oversee  the  implementation  of  a   new  currency.  He  leaves  Cambridge  and  moves  to  London.    1699:  ·∙Newton  named  master  of  the  Mint.    1703:  ·∙Death  of  Hooke;  Newton  elected  President  of  the  Royal  Society.    1704:  ·∙Publication  of  Optics;  beginning  of  feud  with  Leibniz.    1705:  ·∙Newton  knighted  by  Queen  Anne.    1712:  ·∙Royal  Society  commission,  under  Newtons  direction,  investigates  the   competing  claims  of  Leibniz  and  Newton  to  having  developed  calculus,  and   decides  in  favor  of  Newton.    1713:  ·∙Second  edition  of  the  Principia  published.    November  14,  1714:  ·∙Death  of  Leibniz    1726:  ·∙Third  edition  of  the  Principia  published;  all  reference  to  Leibniz  has  been   removed.    March  20,  1727:  ·∙Death  of  Sir  Isaac  Newton,  in  London.    
  10. 10. Characteris:cs    Silent,  thinker    Usually  by  himself  reading  books  or  thinking    Asked  questions  to  himself  about  the  world    His  questions  were  thoughtful;  didn’t  have  simple   answers    Did  not  get  along  with  people    Did  not  like  people  to  question  his  thinking  so  he   hardly  published  his  discoveries    Not  gracious  of  other  scientists  discoveries  
  11. 11. What  did  he  explore    Light/color    Astronomy    Mathematics    Motion    Gravitational  forces  
  12. 12. Who  did  he  admire/look  up  to     Aristotle  (natural  philosopher)     Nicolaus  Copernicus  (astronomer)      Galileo  Galilei  (astronomer)     Henry  More  (English  philosopher)  
  13. 13. What  did  he  invent/discover    Invented  a  way  to  do  experiments  and  prove   questions    Discovered  that  light  was  made  up  of  many  different   colors    Invented  the  reflecting  telescope    Discovered  the  3  laws  of  motion    Discovered  gravity  
  14. 14. How  did  his  inven:ons/discoveries  change   the  world    We  might  not  understand  the  color  spectrum  of  a   rainbow      His  telescope  helped  scientists  get  a  closer  view  of   space    All  machines  and  moving  objects  use  his  3  laws  of   motion    For  example  cars,  rockets,  pulleys      His  calculus  helps  mathematicians  express  complex   equations    Just  imagine  no  Isaac,  possibly  no  modern  technology  
  15. 15. Now  I  am  going  demonstrate  the  3  laws  of  motion.