The Fitness And Health Of Our Children1


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The Fitness And Health Of Our Children1

  1. 1. Wellness for Today
  2. 2. <ul><li>In the US obesity has tripled in children in the last 25 years. </li></ul><ul><li>Approx. 1/5 of all children and adolescents in the US are overweight. </li></ul><ul><li>Children who were obese usually are obese as adults. </li></ul><ul><li>Obese children suffer from cholesterol problems, high blood pressure, diabetes, and clogged arteries. </li></ul><ul><li>The new epidemic among children is “diabesity” and can cause heart attacks before age 30. </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>300,000 die of overweight related problems every year; this is greater than that of smoking. </li></ul><ul><li>If the trend of being overweight continues, in 30 years we will all be at risk for being overweight. </li></ul><ul><li>Americans spend $30 billion every year on fad diets and exercise equipment. </li></ul><ul><li>For the 1 st time in history the next generation will have a shorter life span. </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>It is determined by Body Mass Index (BMI) </li></ul><ul><li>Is an excessive amount of body fat. </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>BMI </li></ul><ul><li>Below 18.5 </li></ul><ul><li>18.5- 24.9 </li></ul><ul><li>25- 29.9 </li></ul><ul><li>30.0 and above </li></ul><ul><li>Weight Status </li></ul><ul><li>Underweight </li></ul><ul><li>Normal </li></ul><ul><li>Overweight </li></ul><ul><li>Obese </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>These factors are all changeable . </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of Physical Activity </li></ul><ul><li>Sedentary behavior </li></ul><ul><li>Socioeconomic activity </li></ul><ul><li>Eating habits </li></ul><ul><li>Environment </li></ul><ul><li>Non-changeable </li></ul><ul><li>Genetics </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>The main cause of obesity is inactivity. </li></ul><ul><li>The US is the most sedentary population in the world. </li></ul><ul><li>Technological advances have made us less active: remote controls, TV’s in every room, drive through everything, elevators, internet, electronic shopping are just some of the causes. </li></ul><ul><li>Most obese city in the US is Detroit </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>Because of technology we have become a nation that is lazy. </li></ul><ul><li>Leisure time has been reduced to shopping by the internet, riding a golf cart to get the mail, or mowing the lawn with a self propelled lawn mower. </li></ul><ul><li>Electric tooth brushes, coffeemakers, garage door openers, power windows in cars, touch button everything, email, e- file, e – banking, and of sofa, a remote and TV. </li></ul><ul><li>We are becoming a stagnant nation. </li></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>Children eat too much and play too little </li></ul><ul><li>83% of children use screen media </li></ul><ul><li>79% read printed material </li></ul><ul><li>79% listen to music </li></ul><ul><li>(Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation) </li></ul><ul><li>50% of children 12-21 rarely or never exercise (CDC) </li></ul><ul><li>Spend 4 hours a day watching TV or some sort of electronic device. </li></ul><ul><li>Spend 18. 5 hours a week watching TV </li></ul><ul><li>Children spend 38% more of their time in front of the TV than in school, by the time they are adults. </li></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>Less children participate in any organized sports or physical activity outside of school than ever before. Almost 23% of children do not participate in any type of physical activity and is even greater in instances of lower income families . </li></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li>Physical Education was once part of all education programs </li></ul><ul><li>Due to financial strains they are slowly disappearing from the system </li></ul><ul><li>Less than 1/3 of high school students are part of PE </li></ul><ul><li>On average, a gym class has only 4 min. of aerobic activity </li></ul><ul><li>On an average day a child will receive 15 min. of physical activity and 10 hours of “lazy” activity </li></ul>
  12. 12. <ul><li>Obesity is the leading cause of hypertension in children </li></ul><ul><li>Can cause Type II diabetes </li></ul><ul><li>Increases the risk of Cardiovascular disease </li></ul><ul><li>Often lowers self esteem </li></ul><ul><li>Academic performance is lowered </li></ul><ul><li>The cost: $117 billion in the year 2000 alone </li></ul>
  13. 13. <ul><li>Children are often teased or bullies by other children </li></ul><ul><li>Can face problems of discrimination in the work place and at school </li></ul><ul><li>Obese people earn less per year than the non- obese($7,000) </li></ul><ul><li>Lower self- esteem and self- confidence </li></ul>
  14. 14. <ul><li>Increase physical activity in children </li></ul><ul><li>Become educated on weight loss </li></ul><ul><li>Educate kids on the importance of weight loss and proper nutrition </li></ul><ul><li>Promote healthy lunches and snacks </li></ul><ul><li>Create an environment for kids to understand the importance of healthy foods and life long activities </li></ul>
  15. 15. <ul><li>California studies: Higher levels of achievements were associated with higher levels of fitness. </li></ul><ul><li>The study also showed a relationship between math and fitness. The greater the fitness level, the better the scores. </li></ul><ul><li>Regular exercise can improve cognitive function and increase the health if neurons </li></ul><ul><li>According to Mckenzie (1999) students who participated in school physical education programs did not negatively affect their test scores. </li></ul><ul><li>Fishburne and Boras showed an improvement in discipline along with academic performance associated with regular activity (1989). </li></ul>
  16. 16. <ul><li>Teach weight loss </li></ul><ul><li>Negative energy balance = weight loss </li></ul><ul><li>Basal Metabolic Rate (BMR)- energy our body burns at rest </li></ul><ul><li>Strength training and aerobic activity increase BMR </li></ul><ul><li>It takes 3500 calories to gain or lose a pound </li></ul><ul><li>Burn more calories per day than you take in (negative balance) </li></ul>
  17. 17. <ul><li>The physical well- being of a student has a connection to their academic achievement. </li></ul><ul><li>Students do their best when they are physically fit. </li></ul>
  18. 18. <ul><li>Invest in the schools to help fight obesity </li></ul><ul><li>Try to reduce TV and computer time for family and ourselves </li></ul><ul><li>Educate others on weight loss </li></ul><ul><li>Educate kids on nutrition and weight loss </li></ul><ul><li>Promote healthy foods for school vending machines </li></ul><ul><li>Include exercise in the classroom </li></ul>
  19. 19. <ul><li>Keep physical education a priority kindergarten through high school </li></ul><ul><li>Provide a curriculum to introduce knowledge, skills, and confidence to the students </li></ul><ul><li>Make life long physical activities a priority </li></ul>
  20. 20. <ul><li>Better life long health </li></ul><ul><li>Reduced cholesterol levels </li></ul><ul><li>More Energy </li></ul><ul><li>Increased cardiovascular function </li></ul><ul><li>Reduced stress </li></ul><ul><li>Increased self- esteem </li></ul><ul><li>Higher academic achievement </li></ul>
  21. 21. <ul><li>Strong heart </li></ul><ul><li>Increased Metabolism </li></ul><ul><li>Tones muscles </li></ul><ul><li>Increased immunity </li></ul><ul><li>Strong muscles </li></ul><ul><li>Increased flexibility </li></ul>
  22. 22. <ul><li>Elementary needs 150 minutes of P.E per week </li></ul><ul><li>Middle School requires 225 minutes per week </li></ul><ul><li>High School should be 225 minutes per weel </li></ul><ul><li>Although this is what the CDC recommends experts say it should be no less than 400 minutes per week </li></ul>
  23. 23. <ul><li>Be an active role model </li></ul><ul><li>Eat smart </li></ul><ul><li>Refresh with water frequently </li></ul><ul><li>Support effective wellness policies </li></ul><ul><li>Be on the School Health Council </li></ul><ul><li>Use online resources </li></ul>
  24. 24. <ul><li>Hayes, Dale MS, RD. (Fall , 2005) Nutrition for </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>Tepastte, Stephen, M.D. The Passivity of Epidemic and Our Children- Fitness and </li></ul><ul><li>Learning. </li></ul><ul><li>Team Nutrition Michigan. (2004). Healthy Kids, Healthy Weight. Retrieved </li></ul><ul><li> January 2, 2007, from </li></ul><ul><li>Food and Nutrition Service. Play Hard Your Way. Retrieved January 2, 2007, from </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>Center for Disease Control (CDC).( 2006). Childhood Overweight. Retrieved January </li></ul><ul><li>2, from, </li></ul><ul><li>Team Nutrition Michigan. (2004). Fact Sheet 2003- 2004. Retrieved January 2, </li></ul><ul><li>2007, from </li></ul>